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Health

Governments use OGP to build stronger healthcare systems through open data and open and public decision making.


Improving health outcomes continues to be an important shared global goal, for developing and developed countries alike. As the root cause of so many development issues, it is essential to ensuring more inclusive and sustainable growth.

Open government plays a key role in addressing the complexity of today’s global health challenges. Through better data and greater participation and accountability, OGP countries are working to strengthen both systems as well as approaches to specific health challenges.

Our Health Priorities

As governments collect more data on the health and medical history of their citizens, it becomes a vital resource to improve health systems and patient care. The challenge now is to use this data to empower citizens to have more choices and to take control of their own medical care. It is also imperative that governments work to create equal access to care for all and use public procurement systems to help reduce growing healthcare costs.

Open government can help governments improve access and service delivery to even the most marginalized communities, especially with child and maternal care; build strong, effective health systems; and invest in critical health research which can scale innovations across the world.

Thirty-five OGP countries have made commitments regarding healthcare, ranging from data collection and monitoring to aid transparency and service delivery.

Why Health?

Public services, such as healthcare, account for a large proportion of government budgets, but increased spending has often not been matched by improvements in outcomes, and quality of care remains uneven.

Data show that just increasing resources, equipment, financial, or personnel, does not guarantee that the quality of healthcare will improve. Global health expenditures are expected to reach $8.7 trillion dollars by 2020. HIV/AIDS still affects almost 40 million people around the world, and numerous countries throughout Europe and Asia have a rapidly aging population with dwindling care resources. And, women and marginalized communities still have difficulty finding and receiving quality healthcare. Declines in healthcare and health outcomes negatively impact economic growth and impact the delivery of other services, like education.

Recommendations

Data Collection and Monitoring:  Efficient and accurate data collection is the backbone of a strong healthcare system. Data enables informed decisions, can improve patient outcomes, and spur and scale life-saving innovations.

Following are steps that OGP countries can take, through the OGP process, to ensure accountability through data collection and monitoring.

  • Provide easily accessible and up-to-date data on health care services and providers
    • In Uruguay, the ATuServicio portal puts the power in the hands of consumers, who can use the portal to rate and choose their healthcare providers; this commitment has led to better service delivery and more efficient use of healthcare data
  • Provide transparent procurement information, leading to healthcare and other service delivery savings
    • In Ukraine, a new open procurement system, Pro Zorro, led to around two thousand healthcare organizations saving an average of fifteen percent on all of their procurements

Access to Services:  Easy, affordable access to healthcare services and information are the linchpin of a strong healthcare system. What follows are actions OGP governments can take to ensure access to quality healthcare services.

  • Create a one-stop shop for citizens to access their medical files and other information pertinent to their health
    • The Bulgarian government launched The National Health Insurance Fund (NHIF), a new national health system, to reduce the time and administrative challenges people face in accessing their medical files, navigating reimbursement claims and lists of approved medicines, and maintaining their healthcare rights

Inclusion:  Ensuring that all people have voice in and access to healthcare is a critical part of open government’s work to improve public services and ensure government’s meet the needs of all of the citizens they serve. Following are commitments that governments can make to ensure that healthcare services are as inclusive as possible.

  • Tailor community approaches to healthcare by working within them to understand context and ensure good delivery
    • In Uganda, special approaches were developed to better understand the needs of healthcare workers and to facilitate dialogue at the grassroots level; these approaches helped to reduce infant mortality in communities by 33 percent; save over 500 young lives; increase the use of outpatient services by 20 percent; and improve immunization rates, waiting time and worker absenteeism
  • Codify access to healthcare for marginalized and oppressed groups who have a harder time receiving quality public health services
    • In Argentina, cultural norms can impede access to contraceptive devices and sexual health services, with female adolescents experiencing particular difficulty. In light of this, Buenos Aires committed to generating a comprehensive and public database containing information on the availability of sexual and reproductive health services at different health centers, and a geolocation map of the centers to increase access to their services. A reporting mechanism will allow citizens to rate their service delivery experience at the centers and lodge complaints as needed. This new digital framework aims to reduce the obstacles that many Buenos Aires residents face when attempting to access these vital services.

Resources

  1. 1970, Document,

  2. Health Fact Sheet (May 2019)

    2019, Document, PDF

  3. Making the Case for Open Contracting in Healthcare Procurement

    Healthcare and public procurement both suffer from high levels of corruption and the point at which they converge, procurement within…

    2017, Stories, Web Page

  4. OGP Fact Sheet - Health (2018)

    2018, Document, PDF

  5. The Open Government Guide

    The Open Gov Guide is a resource for people working to make their governments more transparent, responsive, accountable and effective.…

    2015, Documents, Web Page


Commitments

  1. Open data for public health

    US0110, 2019, E-Government

  2. citizen participation in health

    LK0027, 2019, E-Government

  3. Campaign against youth drug use

    LK0028, 2019, Education

  4. Open Official Statistics

    BA0004, 2019, Capacity Building

  5. electronic services

    GE0086, 2018, E-Government

  6. contraception distribution

    CI0023, 2018, Capacity Building

  7. I. Gov. Zugdidi

    GE0087, 2018, Capacity Building

  8. Indicators of welfare and economic, social and cultural rights

    UY0125, 2018, Capacity Building

  9. Health Sector Transparency and establish a cost impact assessment mechanism

    MK0128, 2018, Capacity Building

  10. Quality Indicators of the Institutes of Highly Specialized Medicine

    UY0134, 2018, E-Government

  11. open hospital discharge records

    UY0135, 2018, E-Government

  12. Public healthcare service delivery

    ELG0007, 2018, E-Government

  13. patient response system

    HN0077, 2018, E-Government

  14. Capacity-building and oversight on nutrition policy

    BR0103, 2018, Capacity Building

  15. Open contracting data standards

    KAD0002, 2018, E-Government

  16. Open Geo-Spatial Data for Development

    KE0020, 2018, E-Government

  17. Transparency and Participation in Health Data

    ID0093, 2018, E-Government

  18. Public service data

    ID0094, 2018, E-Government

  19. open data - health

    KG0003, 2018, E-Government

  20. Health Service Data

    ID0099, 2018, E-Government

  21. Public Consultation Reform

    ID0100, 2018, Capacity Building

  22. Sistema de informes de costos de servicios de salud utilizados por cada beneficiario

    PY0040, 2018, Health

  23. exploring medical assistance program

    AM0043, 2018, E-Government

  24. improve data use

    SCO0008, 2018, Capacity Building

  25. Safety Inspection System

    KR0039, 2018, Health

  26. SEGUIMIENTO A LA ANEMIA Y DESNUTRICION INFANTIL

    LAL0010, 2018, Capacity Building

  27. Disclosure of the Amount of Harmful Substance Contained in Foods

    KR0043, 2018, Environment and Climate

  28. Open National Priority Data

    KR0046, 2018, Environment and Climate

  29. Diseño e implementación de la Agenda de Servicios Públicos en Línea ( Fase 1 )

    GT0093, 2018, E-Government

  30. Re-qualification, Rehabilitation, and Accessibility Program

    CV0002, 2018, Health

  31. Fortalecimiento institucional de 425 puestos de salud ubicados en Municipios priorizados por la Estrategia Nacional para la Prevención de la Desnutrición Crónica –ENPDC- de los Departamentos de Quiché, San Marcos, Huehuetenango, Chiquimula, Totonicapán, Sololá y Alta Verapaz.

    GT0102, 2018, Health

  32. Fortalecimiento de la coordinación e información interinstitucional de Seguridad Alimentaria y Nutricional.

    GT0103, 2018, E-Government

  33. Scheme for Establishing Health Service Accreditation Entity

    AF0006, 2017, Capacity Building

  34. Improving Quality Of Public Services

    BOJ0005, 2017, Capacity Building

  35. Catálogo Sectorial estandarizado e Interoperable

    PE0076, 2017, Capacity Building

  36. Central de Información de los Servicios de Emergencia Hospitalaria (Disponibilidad de camas operativas)

    PE0077, 2017, Capacity Building

  37. Transparentando el Sistema de Acreditación de Asegurados

    PE0078, 2017, E-Government

  38. Introduction of civic control and accessibility mechanisms for municipal services

    TBI0005, 2017, Capacity Building

  39. Transparencia y participación en políticas de salud: implementación de mecanismos de prevención de conflictos de interés

    AR0046, 2017, Conflicts of Interest

  40. Profundización en la apertura y transparencia de la información vinculada a las compras y contrataciones de PAMI

    AR0047, 2017, Fiscal Transparency

  41. Monitoreo del Plan Nacional de Acción para la Prevención, Asistencia y Erradicación de la Violencia contra las Mujeres 2017-2019

    AR0049, 2017, E-Government

  42. Starred commitment Portal integral de provisión de información y canal de reporte sobre servicios de salud sexual y reproductiva en la Ciudad de Buenos Aires.

    BUE0004, 2017, E-Government

  43. Open Contracting

    NG0002, 2017, Capacity Building

  44. Nationwide deployment of telemedicine

    DK0056, 2017, E-Government

  45. My Log

    DK0057, 2017, E-Government

  46. Anti-Corruption Activity Coordination

    NG0009, 2017, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  47. Disclose information on the receipt of funds, medicines and medical supplies, distribution of medicines, medical supplies and patients treated on the website of the Municipality July 2017

    KIG0002, 2017, Audits and Controls

  48. Participación de Niños, Niñas, Adolescentes (NNA) y comunidades para la transparencia en la gestión del Instituto Colombiano De Bienestar Familiar

    CO0067, 2017, Capacity Building

  49. Citizen committees to control racket in public administration

    BF0007, 2017, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  50. Information on Gender-based Violence

    ES0039, 2017, Gender

  51. Improving public access to preventive and curative strategies to combat Chronic Kidney Disease

    LK0001, 2016, Health

  52. Starred commitment Improve provision and quality of education and health services

    MN0023, 2016, E-Government

  53. Transparent Policy to Provide Safe and Affordable Medicines for All

    LK0002, 2016, Capacity Building

  54. National Health Performance

    LK0003, 2016, Capacity Building

  55. Gender

    SL0012, 2016, Capacity Building

  56. Foriegn Aid Transparency

    SL0013, 2016, Aid

  57. Starred commitment Monitoreo ciudadano de la calidad del aire

    UY0097, 2016, Capacity Building

  58. Open Data on Health Programs

    MK0100, 2016, Fiscal Transparency

  59. Increased budgetary fund benefits in preventive and curative health protection for citizens

    MK0105, 2016, Capacity Building

  60. Create and broadcast social advertisements that target corruption in the healthcare system

    LT0018, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  61. SALUD EN LÍNEA

    SV0084, 2016, Capacity Building

  62. Support Openness and Transparency Initiatives around the World

    CA0059, 2016, Aid

  63. Monitoreo sector salud

    HN0054, 2016, E-Government

  64. Starred commitment Well-being duty

    UK0089, 2016, E-Government

  65. Electronic system of registration of e-prescription in the Republic of Albania

    AL0058, 2016, E-Government

  66. Releasing ministerial research reports

    NL0022, 2016, Health

  67. Open Data and Information Governance in Health

    BR0090, 2016, E-Government

  68. Develop healthcare services and automate the healthcare sector through electronic linkages

    JO0052, 2016, Capacity Building

  69. Public Information Disclosure Through Ministry of Health

    ID0063, 2016, E-Government

  70. Fortalecer las acciones de promoción a la salud dirigidas al reconocimiento de la obesidad como enfermedad, involucrando a la población y a todos los niveles de gobierno por medio de mecanismos de transparencia y rendición de cuentas que eviten el potencial conflicto de interés en todo el ciclo de políticas públicas en la materia.

    MX0070, 2016, Conflicts of Interest

  71. Fortalecer las acciones de promoción a la salud dirigidas al reconocimiento de la obesidad como enfermedad, involucrando a la población y a todos los niveles de gobierno por medio de mecanismos de transparencia y rendición de cuentas que eviten el potencial conflicto de interés en todo el ciclo de políticas públicas en la materia.

    MX0072, 2016, Conflicts of Interest

  72. Starred commitment Servicios en salud pública

    PY0031, 2016, E-Government

  73. E-referrals and e-prescriptions

    BG0046, 2016, E-Government

  74. AVANCES EN LA IMPLEMENTACIÓN DEL MODELO DE PRIMER NIVEL DE ATENCIÓN DE SALUD

    GT0083, 2016, Capacity Building

  75. Consultas y diálogo sobre instrumentos internacionales

    UY0064, 2016, Capacity Building

  76. Launch of the unified healthcare system information portal

    GE0043, 2016, Capacity Building

  77. Diálogo e información sobre sistema de cuidados

    UY0081, 2016, Capacity Building

  78. Sistema de Información para el seguimiento de los Objetivos Sanitarios

    UY0082, 2016, Capacity Building

  79. Vigilancia social del Programa Nacional de Alimentación Escolar

    PE0057, 2015, Audits and Controls

  80. Rendición de cuentas de programas dirigidos a la niñez

    PE0061, 2015, Fiscal Transparency

  81. Support Medicine research throught opening up relevant data of the field

    US0060, 2015, Health

  82. ACOMPAÑAMIENTO LEY DE TRANSPARENCIA – ENTIDADES NACIONALES

    CO0028, 2015, Education

  83. CICLOS DE APERTURA DE INFORMACIÓN EN LOS SECTORES DE EDUCACIÓN, SALUD, MEDIOAMBIENTE, JUSTICIA E INCLUSIÓN SOCIAL

    CO0031, 2015, Education

  84. Starred commitment Medicamentos y tecnologías en salud transparentes

    CO0036, 2015, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  85. ACCIONES DE DIÁLOGO CON LA CIUDADANÍA PARA FORTALECER LA PARTICIPACIÓN Y LA RENDICIÓN DE CUENTAS

    CO0044, 2015, Capacity Building

  86. Mapa Social

    CO0048, 2015, E-Government

  87. TRÁMITES EN LÍNEA – SÍ VIRTUAL

    CO0052, 2015, E-Government

  88. Publicación del abastecimiento de medicamentos

    SV0062, 2014, Health

  89. Public Decision-Making Transparency

    LT0013, 2014, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  90. Promoting Anti-Corruption Education

    LT0014, 2014, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  91. Monitoreo al recorrido de los medicamentos e insumos

    HN0045, 2014, Health

  92. To make budget data (eight key budget reports), audit committee reports and tax exemptions publicly available by December 2014.

    TZ0028, 2014, E-Government

  93. Improve Quality of Openness in Health Services

    ID0031, 2014, Health

  94. Community Empowerment to Handle Poor Society and People with Disabilities and Special Needs

    ID0043, 2014, Health

  95. OPENING DATA COLLECTED FROM THE NATIONAL HEALTH SYSTEM

    RO0023, 2014, Health

  96. OPENING DATA COLLECTED FROM THE MONITORING OF PREVENTIVE MEASURES AS PART OF THE NATIONAL ANTICORRUPTION STRATEGY 2012-2015

    RO0024, 2014, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  97. Strategy for Digital Welfare

    DK0043, 2014, E-Government

  98. Canales de Diálogo y Participación Ciudadana

    PY0021, 2014, Health

  99. Ensuring public awareness about health care financing

    AM0018, 2014, E-Government

  100. Mesas Técnicas con Sociedad civil, Sector Académico, Sector Empresarial y de Gobierno Abierto.

    GT0035, 2014, Health

  101. Institucionalizar el primer nivel de atención en salud

    GT0038, 2014, Health

  102. Sistema de Monitoreo y Seguimiento a las ayudas de enfermedades catastróficas.

    DO0032, 2014, E-Government

  103. Sistema de Información sobre Centros de Salud.

    DO0033, 2014, E-Government

  104. Difusión de Información para el ejercicio de los Derechos de los Usuarios de la Salud

    UY0036, 2014, E-Government

  105. Servicio de Teleimagenología - Programa Salud.uy

    UY0056, 2014, E-Government

  106. Publishing information about budget and program implementation of health budgets, with particular focus on the budgetary and financial implementation of preventive programs of the Ministry of Health, obtained through a procedure of access to public information www.esem.org.mk

    MK0061, 2014, E-Government

  107. Accessibility of National Health System microdata

    ES0017, 2014, Health

  108. Creation of the Spanish Council on Drug Dependence

    ES0022, 2014, Health

  109. Implementation of the Open Budget Initiative

    MK0072, 2014, Fiscal Transparency

  110. Evaluación de accesibilidad de infraestructura gubernamental.

    SV0045, 2013, Capacity Building

  111. Accesibilidad para personas ciegas de portal gubernamental

    SV0046, 2013, Capacity Building

  112. Capacitación para mejorar servicios a personas con discapacidad

    SV0047, 2013, Capacity Building

  113. Compra de medicamentos

    SV0055, 2013, Health

  114. NHS England Website and Network

    UK0043, 2013, Health

  115. Health Care Data

    UK0056, 2013, Health

  116. Digital inclusion of Health Councils

    BR0044, 2013, E-Government

  117. Improvement of Active Transparency and of the Unique Health System’ Ombudsman Unit

    BR0053, 2013, Health

  118. Strengthening of the National Audit System of the Unique Health System (SUS)

    BR0054, 2013, Audits and Controls

  119. Access to health data

    NO0041, 2013, E-Government

  120. Electronic System for Public Consultations

    BR0068, 2013, E-Government

  121. Improvement of health services through the increased use of the National Health Card

    BR0069, 2013, Health

  122. Development of the Unique Health System Letter

    BR0072, 2013, Health

  123. Open Data to the Public

    US0046, 2013, E-Government

  124. Monitoring of the National Plan for Food and Nutrition Security (PLANSAN)

    BR0080, 2013, Health

  125. Implementar electrónicamente el registro sanitario de producto

    CR0005, 2013, E-Government

  126. Sistema informático en hospitales

    SV0022, 2013, E-Government

  127. Cartas de derecho en salud

    SV0023, 2013, Health

  128. Sistema de quejas en salud

    SV0024, 2013, Health

  129. Increasing the accessibility of services provided to the public.

    LT0005, 2012, E-Government

  130. Client service charters

    TZ0005, 2012, E-Government

  131. Reporting on medical supply orders

    TZ0007, 2012, E-Government

  132. Reports on tax exemptions

    TZ0023, 2012, E-Government

  133. Starred commitment Preparing a digital reform of the public welfare areas

    DK0026, 2012, E-Government

  134. Mayor calidad en la salud

    CO0004, 2012, Capacity Building

  135. Promoting Public Participation: 1.c. Open Data Portal

    KE0006, 2012, Education

  136. Sistema integrado de administración de salud (e-salud)

    PY0006, 2012, E-Government

  137. Starred commitment National Health Information System

    BG0011, 2012, E-Government

  138. Starred commitment Development of e-health care

    BG0020, 2012, E-Government

  139. Public health information

    MK0035, 2012, Health

  140. Easily Accessible and Better Healthcare

    GE0004, 2012, E-Government

  141. Starred commitment e-salud

    ES0009, 2012, Health

  142. Health Subsidies

    ID0003, 2011, Health

  143. Publish List of Subsidy Beneficiaries

    MX0008, 2011, Education

  144. Publish Budget Assigned to Federal Entities for Medical Purchases

    MX0011, 2011, Fiscal Transparency


OGP Global Report Data

The data below is drawn from the 2019 OGP Global Report. You can view and learn more about the report here.

These are members making OGP commitments to improve their performance in the respective policy area. As members that have demonstrated political commitment through OGP, the next step is ensuring that implemented commitments have maximal impact.

Key
Indicates that member has a starred commitment in this policy area.


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