The Open Government Road Ahead: Co-Creation during the implementation of Australia’s first National Action Plan
Back in 2013 I invited myself along to the second Open Government Partnership Summit in London. At the time, I fully expected that Australia would officially announce that we were joining the Open Government Partnership (OGP). At this Summit, thousands of people from civil society and government were working together on making life better for people in their countries.
Then came a rather long hiatus. Finally, three years, and three Australian Prime Ministers later, in December 2016, the office of Prime Minister and Cabinet (PM&C) initiated Australia’s participation in the partnership and announced Australia’s first National Action Plan (NAP) to the world, complete with 15 open government reform commitments.
A couple of weeks ago, I wrote a blog which outlined what the OpenAustralia Foundation team has been up to in helping develop Australia’s first OGP National Action Plan.
In August 2016, civil society members proposed a formal dialogue mechanism between government and civil society be established to progress the development of the NAP. The PM&C team responded positively and showed a willingness to take on board feedback to improve OGP consultations. An Interim Working Group (IWG) was appointed by the Federal Government with representatives from both government and civil society. Civil society members of the IWG (myself included) used the working group as an opportunity to push for improvements in the scope of the NAP, including the inclusion of commitments on integrity and new commitments on public participation. These were not initially on the government’s agenda. Some big ticket items are, however, still pending and we hope that the ongoing engagement on OGP and open government will create opportunities to make progress on these areas.
To make sure we give Australia’s open government reform commitments the best chance of retaining their ambition and relevance to citizens’ lives, it’s vital that civil society stay closely involved.
The Open Australia Foundation will continue to engage with the process in the following ways:
Working with the Interim Working Group on the way forward
The Interim Working Group has its work cut for itself in this crucial next phase of the OGP cycle. This group now has to perform a couple of big infrastructure ‘build the plane as we’re flying it’ maneuvers. In true OGP style, the IWG has to co-create a way for government, civil society, and non-government stakeholders to meet regularly and work together effectively. This is the focus of reform commitment 5.1, to design a multistakeholder forum that has the agency and capacity to oversee the NAP. The due date on creating that forum is upon us now. Our current working group meets this week. The OGP Multistakeholder Forum handbook outlines an example (and quite ambitious) timeline, setting out activities for developing a forum is 8 weeks. If we kick off in our meeting, and use this template, we could still aim for a strong June finish. We’ll need everyone’s best efforts to deliver on this important commitment to keep the open government plan on track.
Programming activities from the OGP’s helpful Designing and Managing an OGP Multistakeholder Forum
Contributing to specific commitments as a leader of a Civil Society Organisation
The Interim Working Group remains responsible to further develop and oversee 15 open government reforms. There are also important roles for civil society organisations and other non-government actors to play on the implementation and monitoring of specific commitments. The IWG, together with government agencies leading each of the commitments, will identify these groups. Charities, smaller non-governmental organisations, grassroots, and informal community groups, all have enormous experience and deep insights into problems that this NAP seeks to solve. We need these groups to come forward and participate. Successful partnership between civil society and government is essential to the success of OGP’s platform for action.
Here’s what civil society can do right now:
Help make sure that the reforms which the government committed to in its first NAP progress in the spirit of openness, transparency, accountability, and participation. For example we might spend time translating some of the documentation, as we did with the Manifesto. Or, people might find it interesting to see who voted for parliamentary reforms in light of the government’s commitment 4.1 Confidence in the electoral system and political parties. We may also want to look for evidence in how we see FOI requests being made, and make recommendations on the reform commitment 3.1: Information management and access laws for the 21st century
There are a bunch of commitments that are closely connected with the work that the OpenAustralia Foundation does to open up government. We’ve previously written about, gathered data, and provided evidence on issues that are part of this reform agenda. Also, as part of this OGP National Action Plan, we’ve drafted, contributed to, commented on, solicited, and provided feedback for commitments that form our NAP. But we are a tiny team and need to focus our work on where we can be most helpful and effective. As luck would have it, the timing of our next planning meeting couldn’t be better! Shortly, we will review this work and look at our objectives to determine how we can best connect with Australia’s involvement in OGP alongside all our other work. Sign up for updates at OpenAustralia Foundation blog.
(Side note: If you’re ever in Sydney, Australia on the last Tuesday of the month, consider coming along to our next pub meetup.)
Helping the OGP Civil Society Network grow and evolve
The Australian Open Government Partnership Civil Society Network (aka. AOGPN or the Network) and its Steering Committee were brought together quickly when the Prime Minister Turnbull recommitted Australia to OGP. This pragmatic and cooperative group adapted the UK network’s open model & resources, to establish the Network quickly.
Initially formed in November 2015, the steering committee committed to hold elections within 18 months of forming the network. Now with the first NAP underway, there’s little time to regroup, reflect, and evolve. Here’s what we need to do in the coming months:
- Attract and elect a new steering committee. (The Network is now actively looking for strong civil society leaders to nominate to the steering committee. Nominations are due by end of March. I’ve put my hand up)
- Clarify and identity – what do we mean by civil society? We need to figure out where the network stands and what constitutes a member of ‘civil society’ that the group agrees to work with. For instance, how does the private sector fit into this model?
- Clearly communicate with members and the public.
- Grow membership sustainably (we’ve currently over 70 members, which includes a number of CSOs) and are looking to increase the diversity of the members to better reflect the diversity of our communities in Australia.
- Consider whether, how, and when to become a formal entity.
Finally, a Civil Society Review of Australia’s first OGP National Action Plan is now underway. The review, which uses the UK’s Involve civil society review tool, is a parallel, independent assessment of the ambition and openness of the NAP. It is not part of the official Independent Reporting Mechanism (IRM) but the review may be taken into consideration by the Australian IRM researcher. A number of other countries have chosen to participate in this parallel process to facilitate learning and improvements during the OGP cycle. For Australia, the timing of the review happened to be just as we launch into implementation of the NAP, a perfect time to build in commitment details that will keep the NAP on course to deliver tangible measurable benefits to citizens.
Clearly, even as Australia implements its NAP, there’s co-creation in many different areas to look forward to in the coming months. By mid-winter Australia, the IWG might even be able to establish the first iteration of a open government multistakeholder forum, to institutionalize partnership and collaboration between government and civil society in driving the open government agenda forward in Australia.