Philippines Design Report 2019-2021
- Action Plan: Philippines Action Plan 2019-2022
- Dates Under Review: 2019-2021
- Report Publication Year: 2021
The Philippines’ fifth Action plans are at the core of a government’s participation in OGP. They are the product of a co-creation process in which government and civil society jointly develop commitments to open governmen... contains a strong focus on According to OGP’s Articles of Governance, citizen participation occurs when “governments seek to mobilize citizens to engage in public debate, provide input, and make contributions that lead to m... More, from public monitoring of schools and infrastructure to increased participation in local governance. Admirably, a highly collaborative, bottom-up Collaboration between government, civil society and other stakeholders (e.g., citizens, academics, private sector) is at the heart of the OGP process. Participating governments must ensure that a dive... led to a Citizens’ Agenda that informed action plan design. While individually, most commitments are not ambitious, the action plan’s focus on participation may be a foundation to address civic space issues more broadly in future action plans.
|Table 1. At a Glance
Participating since 2011
Action plan under review: Fifth
Report type: Design
Number of commitments: 11
Action plan development
Is there a multistakeholder forum: Yes
Level of public influence: Collaborate
Acted contrary to OGP process: No
Action plan design
Commitments relevant to OGP values: 11 (100%)
Transformative commitments: 1 (9%)
Potentially starred commitments: 1 (9%)
The The Open Government Partnership (OGP) is a multi-stakeholder initiative focused on improving government transparency, ensuring opportunities for citizen participation in public matters, and strengthen... More (OGP) is a global partnership that brings together government reformers and civil society leaders to create action plans that make governments more inclusive, responsive, and accountable. The The Independent Reporting Mechanism (IRM) is OGP’s accountability arm and the main means of tracking progress in participating countries. The IRM provides independent, evidence-based, and objective ... monitors all action plans to ensure governments follow through on commitments. The Philippines joined OGP in 2011 as one of the co-founding members. Since, the Philippines has implemented four action plans. This report evaluates the design of the Philippines’ fifth action plan. Please note that the Philippines’ submitted a revised action plan in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. The revised action plan includes updated OGP commitments are promises for reform co-created by governments and civil society and submitted as part of an action plan. Commitments typically include a description of the problem, concrete action... milestones and extends the implementation period until 2022. This report reviews the original action plan submitted in December 2019.
General overview of action plan
The Philippines’ fifth action plan seeks to deepen and further institutionalize citizen participation in government processes, local development and planning, and other areas of government. Despite evidence of shrinking civic space and threats toward civil liberties brought about by the government’s anti-drug campaign, the PH-OGP platform created a safe, productive space for government and nongovernment partners to forge a collaborative and meaningful partnership in developing the action plan.
For the first time since its participation in the OGP, the Philippines adopted a bottom-up approach to identify commitments. NGO The Steering Committee is OGP’s executive decision-making body. Its role is to develop, promote and safeguard OGP’s values, principles and interests; establish OGP’s core ideas, policies, and ru... members ensured that public feedback on past commitments and current government programs were collected to build the OGP Citizens’ Agenda. The forum was also able to extend participation to include multiple sectoral and regional consultations due to grants awarded to the Caucus of Development NGO Networks by the World Bank’s With the support of development partners and working together with the World Bank, OGP established the Multi-Donor Trust Fund (MDTF) to support World Bank client countries and local entities that part..., United States Agency for International Development, and the United Nations Development Program. Moving forward, broad consultations should be balanced with expert technical review to ensure that citizen priorities translate to ambitious commitments that have a strong alignment between the policy problem, activities, and proposed solution.
This action plan marks the first participation of several organizations and government agencies, including the Department of Accountability within the public education system is key to improving outcomes and attainment, and accountability is nearly impossible without transparent policies and opportunities for participation ..., Department of Transparent workforce data and increased representation of workers in labor policy-making lead to policies that better protect workers’ rights and remove barriers for underrepresented groups in the ... and Employment, the Department of Social Welfare and Development, and the National Commission on Indigenous Peoples. In the previous action plan cycle, some agencies were involved in the co-creation process, but expanded outreach enabled by donors and heightened government participation allowed for participants beyond the usual suspects.
All 11 commitments included in the action plan are relevant to, and consistent with, the OGP value of citizen participation, cross cutting different sectors, organizations, and policy areas. It is also important to note that all commitments were deliberately designed with gender-sensitive programming and an emphasis on inclusivity. This materializes through activities such as ensuring participation of disadvantaged groups, publishing gender-disaggregated government data, and introducing OGP participating governments are bringing gender perspectives to popular policy areas, ensuring diversity in participatory processes, and specifically targeting gender gaps in policies to address gov... audit tools in monitoring and evaluating government data and activities.
Potentially starred commitments have transformative potential, are relevant, and verifiable. According to these criteria, the Philippines’ has one potentially starred commitment:
- Commitment 6: Freedom of Information Law and Local Freedom of Information Program
Table 2. Noteworthy commitments
|Commitment description||Moving forward||Status at the end of implementation cycle|
|Commitment 4. Participatory Infrastructure Monitoring: DBM will use citizen feedback submitted through the Project DIME portal to validate large infrastructure projects||The Department of Budget and Management could use Project DIME as a benchmark for participatory monitoring of government projects and replicate it in other policy areas and/or expand the scope to include infrastructure beyond big-ticket projects.||Note: this will be assessed at the end of the action plan cycle.|
|Commitment 6. Freedom of Information Law and Local Freedom of Information Program: Pass the FOI Bill, conduct outreach, and support FOI implementation at the local level||The Presidential Communications Operations Office could develop an evidence-based report on implementing the Freedom of Information Executive Order to respond to privacy and personal information security concerns with the FOI law as well as to mobilize public and political support for the bill.||Note: this will be assessed at the end of the action plan cycle.|
|Commitment 8. Nutrition and Sexual Health Participatory Action Research: Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino recipients will use PAR to engage local government and shape nutrition and teen pregnancy programming
|Revisit existing regulations regarding the Pantawid Pamilyang program and identify how the same participatory research could be institutionalized and replicated for issues beyond malnutrition and teenage pregnancy to guarantee local government action.||Note: this will be assessed at the end of the action plan cycle.|
IRM recommendations aim to inform the development of the next action plan and guide implementation of the current action plan. Please refer to Section V: General Recommendations for more details on each of the below recommendations.
Table 3. Five Key IRM Recommendations
|Improve the policy design of commitments to align better with the solution to the public problem identified|
|Hold workshops and/or create guidelines to gather experiences, best practices, and challenges from locally focused commitments|
|Incorporate a strategy to engage legislators to pass the Freedom of Information Bill|
|Collaborate with civil society to ensure civic participation is deepened and sustained across government beyond commitment implementation|
|Enhance commitments with a focus on government responsiveness to citizen input|