Access to Government Data (AU0010)
Action Plan: Australia National Action Plan 2016-2018
Action Plan Cycle: 2016
Lead Institution: Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet (PM&C: email@example.com), Department of Finance (Finance: firstname.lastname@example.org), National Archives of Australia (Archives: email@example.com) and Department of the Environment and Energy (DoEE)
Support Institution(s): All Commonwealth entities; Data61, organisations outside of government (including Australian Library and Information Association, National Libraries of Australia and New Zealand, and Australian Policy Online
Policy AreasCapacity Building, E-Government, Environment and Climate, Extractive Industries, Land & Spatial Planning, Open Data, Public Participation, Records Management
Objective and description: Australia will make it easier for the public to find, access and use government data and information. We will do this by making greater use of central portals, digital platforms and other tools to improve discoverability and accessibility. Status Quo: The creation, preservation, management and public use of government information is fundamental to open and transparent government. The availability of government records and data improves public access to information, while also driving efficient business outcomes by facilitating use and reuse of these valuable resources. It is not enough just to make these resources open; information and public data must be easy to find and accessible in order for it to be useful. The National Library of Australia’s ‘Trove’ is an example of a highly used and successful central portal. Some specific examples of areas where the government is seeking to improve public access to information include: Public data: Data.gov.au is the Australian Government’s open data platform. It has enabled the open release of over 20,000 public resources used to grow the economy, improve service delivery and transform policy outcomes for the nation. As the number of datasets on data.gov.au grows, Australia’s public data infrastructure needs be upgraded to meet the demands of data users. This includes improving search and discovery, enhancing support for collaboration, developing a quality framework to assist publishers, and developing more robust publishing processes. Grants: There is no central point to identify and apply for Australian Government grant opportunities and find consolidated information about grants awarded. The Department of Finance is building GrantConnect, a central whole-of-government system that will forecast and publish grant opportunities, automatically notify public users of grant opportunities of interest, and publish information on grants awarded. Corporate and administrative reporting: Corporate and administrative reporting information is currently located on individual agency websites or in hard copy, making it difficult to compare and contrast documents. The Department of Finance is working to make reporting information more discoverable and accessible through the digitisation of this information. Archived records: The most significant records of the Australian Government are held by the National Archives of Australia. To facilitate citizens’ access to these records through digital and online channels, the Archives will continue to lead the transition from paper to digital information practices in Australian Government agencies, digitise paper records of high research value and increase the number of records available for public access. Environmental information: The Department of the Environment and Energy compiles significant data to produce its State of the Environment report and meet its other responsibilities (such as research into the impacts of coal and coal seam gas developments on ground water). The Department will make the State of the Environment 2016 report and its underlying data more accessible through SoE Digital (an innovative and interactive online platform) and data.gov.au. It will use data visualisation tools to help publish the results of its coal and coal seam gas bioregional assessments. Ambition: To make it as easy as possible to find, access and use government information and data. This will include making greater use of centralised, easy to access portals for information (e.g. for grants, and corporate / administrative reporting),, proactively publishing more information and data online, and keeping up to date with the latest technological developments. Relevance: This commitment will advance the OGP values of access to information and technology and innovation by: promoting a consistent approach to information governance across Australian Government entities; increasing transparency of government decision-making and policy development; enabling information and data reuse for economic and social benefits; protecting the rights and entitlements of Australians to access government information; increasing the accessibility, usability and discoverability of public data; and improving the quality of data. COMMITMENT DETAILS; OGP Grand Challenge: Improving Public Services Increasing Public Integrity More Effectively Managing Public Resources; Timeframes Mid 2016 – Mid 2018; Lead agency: Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet (PM&C: firstname.lastname@example.org), Department of Finance (Finance: email@example.com), National Archives of Australia (Archives: firstname.lastname@example.org) and Department of the Environment and Energy (DoEE); Other actors involved Government: All Commonwealth entities; Non-government: Data61, organisations outside of government (including Australian Library and Information Association, National Libraries of Australia and New Zealand, and Australian Policy Online)
IRM Midterm Status Summary
10. Improve the discoverability and accessibility of government data and information
Australia will make it easier for the public to find, access and use government data and information.
We will do this by making greater use of central portals, digital platforms and other tools to improve discoverability and accessibility.
- PM&C to upgrade and improve data.gov.au:
- work with Data 61 to conduct research and discovery into data consumption (to better understand user behaviours and needs) and publishing (to improve quality, timeliness and value of published data).
- work with Data61 to create, circulate and gather feedback on design concepts and prototypes for improved search functionality and user experience on the data.gov.au platform.
- deliver live platform elements for data.gov.au, including integration with NationalMap to provide a more efficient workflow for the publishing and discovery of spatial data.
- design and prototype further data.gov.au platform capabilities, including: functionality to promote examples and collaboration using public data; and integration with other platforms for open data projects and third party open data platforms.
- Finance to implement Phase One of the GrantConnect platform to enable public users to:
- register to receive notification on grant opportunities that match their self-defined profiles;
- watch forecast opportunities as they move from planning to requests for applications; and
- access grant guidelines for each opportunity and be notified about changes to grants processes.
- Finance to launch the pilot of the digital corporate and administrative reporting platform.
- National Archives of Australia to modernise and improve access to archived records:
- lead transition to digital information practices in Australian Government agencies and report progress to the Prime Minister in 2018;
- increase number of archival records available in digital formats, including World War II service and passenger arrival records; and
- make additional groups of archival records of high research interest available for public access.
- DoEE to improve the discoverability and accessibility of environmental information:
- launch a map-based tool to visualise Bioregional Assessment results; and
- publish the State of the Environment 2016 report through an online information publishing and reporting platform and release the underlying data on data.gov.au.
Responsible institution: Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet , Department of Finance, National Archives of Australia, and Department of the Environment and Energy.
Supporting institution(s): CSIRO’s Data61
Start date: July 2016 End date: July 2018
Context and Objectives
This commitment combines a variety of initiatives to increase the accessibility and use of open government data with a general commitment to improve access to Commonwealth records. It is related to commitment 5 which provides for identifying and making available high-value datasets.
Milestone 1: As set out in commitment 5, data.gov.au is the central repository for open data maintained by the Commonwealth government. When the national action plan was finalised it provided access to more than 23,000 datasets of information from Commonwealth, State and Territory government sources. Data61, a part of the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), received funding in July 2016 as part of the Commonwealth Government’s National Innovation and Science Agenda to work with the PM&C to improve accessibility and use of the data.gov.au portal.
Milestone 1 sets out four elements of that work: to gather and analyse information about use and providing access to government data; developing prototypes to improve search functionality to make it easier for users to find the datasets they are looking for; improving the way data.gov.au interacts with other platforms such as the NationalMap which provides mapping of spatial data; and developing data.gov.au further by promoting the benefits of its use, enabling users to collaborate on projects and integrating with other open data platforms.
The elements of milestone 1: will involve either a degree of subjectivity in verifying the delivery, such as evaluating the functionality of the concepts and prototypes developed by Data61; are not measurable in calling for merely research or discovery; and do not clearly set out what form of circulation or feedback is involved, including whether that includes public participation. However, the verifiable nature of the main elements of the milestone make it of medium specificity. Implementing the commitment could encourage greater awareness and use of the open data available through the data.gov.au portal, improving the quality of the information available and its potential use by the public in participating in government decisions. It will also involve use of innovative technology. However, the potential impact of the improvements is difficult to assess at the early stages of development.
Milestone 2: The Commonwealth Government makes more than $30 billion in grants annually. Commonwealth agencies issuing grants are generally required to make the guidelines setting out the conditions for payment of the grant and grants awarded publicly available on the agency’s website, subject to limited privacy and other exemptions. This makes obtaining information about grant opportunities difficult to find without knowing the appropriate government agency involved, and makes it difficult to trace grant payments from offer to completion.
Under the terms of milestone 2, guidelines for all grant opportunities will instead be made publicly available through GrantConnect, a central web-based portal. This will also enable users to register to receive information about new grant opportunities, including where they move from forecast, or possible future, opportunities, through to calling for requests for applications. It will also enable users to access the documentation involved with making an application and be notified of any changes to the process associate with grant decisions. This milestone is therefore highly specific.
GrantConnect, once implemented, will make it easier to find out about and apply for government grants as well as monitor their progress over time. It will also enable analysis of trends in awarding and completion of grants over time. It will therefore improve the quality of information available to the public, using technological means. Mel Flanagan, who has participated in several government procurement rounds for both State and Federal government agencies, and Kat Szuminska, who as director of Open Australia Foundation has advocated for opening government procurement information, commented that the impact of GrantConnect would depend on how it continued to develop in the future, how much publicity it was given to encourage its use by those seeking grant opportunities, and whether there would be a requirement for information to be made available in an open and accessible format to enable analysis of the use of government grants over time. While further phases of the GrantConnect platform may enhance its functionality and lead to changes in government practice in the format and amount of information that is provided to the public, Phase One of the GrantConnect platform has the potential to have only a moderate impact.
Milestone 3: 182 government agencies and other entities, including the main Government departments, authorities and other national institutions, are subject to annual reporting requirements under the Public Governance, Performance and Accountability Act 2013. Entities are required to report on financial performance, whether it met its purposes as set out in the corporate plan, management of personnel including use of consultants, external scrutiny, compliance with procurement rules, advertising, and grants made. The annual reports are presented to the entities responsible and to Parliament, and have to be made available on the agencies’ website.
This milestone will create a pilot of an online platform through which annual reports and similar publications can be made available. The milestone does not set out which elements of the platform will be developed in the pilot, which forms of publications will be included in the pilot, whether it will be available publicly or other form of public feedback sought, or how it will be further developed. The milestone is therefore of medium specificity.
The Department of Finance confirmed in interviews that the intention of the pilot was to create an easy-to-navigate platform allowing online access to the annual reports with search, comparison and reporting features for different elements across multiple annual reports. The data used in constructing the annual reports will be publicly available in an open format. The milestone will therefore bring together the various annual reports, with multiple formats and approaches to setting out the information, to be accessed more easily and, by enabling comparison and analysis of the information presented, increase the quality of information publicly available through technological means. Therefore, although the underlying information is already publicly available, the increased access and utility of the information means this milestone has a minor potential impact.
Milestone 4: Under the Archives Act 1983, the National Archives of Australia (Archives) has the role of identifying, preserving and making publicly available government records of national significance or public interest, as well as determining standards and providing advice on Commonwealth record-keeping. As part of that role, Archives released its Digital Continuity 2020 policy in October 2015, which in turn built on the Digital Transition Policy approved in 2011.
The 2020 policy provides for Commonwealth government agencies, by the end of 2016, to establish an information governance framework to assist with meeting the various business, information management and legislative requirements over the development, use, storage and destruction of government information. It also requires government agencies to record information digitally and migrate existing information to digital formats, and to adopt interoperable information management systems and processes, by 2020. Agencies have to report to Archives each year on their progress, which is then reported in annual reports to the Minister. Support and guidance is offered to agencies to assist in the transition.
Therefore, while the first element of this milestone is expressed without specificity as leading the transition to digital information practices in government agencies, it relates to a detailed policy which includes agency implementation targets and pathways and reporting requirements. In its first report under the 2020 policy, it was suggested that 26 percent of Commonwealth agencies did not generally manage records digitally. Only 6 percent of agencies claimed to have optimised the benefits of digital records management. The continued shift to digital information practices, apart from reducing the burden of having to store paper-based archival records, could have a significant impact on the accessibility and use of information both within and outside of government.
In interviews for this report, several individuals suggested that the transformative potential of this commitment was restricted by the reliance on demonstrating the benefits to be gained through implementing the policy rather than direct enforcement of the policy, dependence on the allocation of resources particularly in relation to historical records, and being of most benefit to those agencies which have not yet adopted digital management practices. There was also concern raised over how this commitment related to other commitments relating to release of government data (Commitment 5) and information management practices (Commitment 8) given the overlap between government records, data and information. The need to integrate digital records management with any digital delivery of government services meant that this milestone was also related to Commitment 7, suggesting a potential overlap in the roles of Archives and the Digital Transformation Agency.
The other elements of this commitment are also of medium specificity, given that although measurable it does not detail how many archival records will be made available in digital formats or the process of their selection, including the role of consultation. In interviews in preparing this report, Archives indicated that they have identified World War II services and passenger arrival records as being of high value due in part to the high levels of demand for those paper-based records. They have also collected feedback from users of archives through surveys, both online and when visiting, nomination through the Archives website and through feedback from consultative fora held in each capital city. Access will also be facilitated through the development of innovative technological approaches. The digitisation and release of these high-value records will therefore increase the ability to access these records as well as their use in future research and analysis. Therefore the potential significant impact of this commitment means that it is of moderate impact.
Milestone 5: Bioregional assessments detail the impacts of coal seam gas and coal mining developments on water resources such as rivers, wetlands and groundwater systems. Drawing on information provided by actors including government agencies and scientists, they focus on selected areas within Queensland, NSW, Victoria and South Australia under the National Partnership on Coal Seam Gas and Large Coal Mining Development. The assessments are used by Commonwealth and state governments in decisions about coal mines and coal seam gas extraction projects. They are also used by governments, industry and the community to identify areas where impacts on water resources and water-dependent assets are likely to occur when making regulatory, water management and planning decisions. It is also of interest to communities, industry, and researchers and non-government organisations with an interest in mining and the environment.
Data used in the assessment is made publicly available in an open format on data.gov.au where licensing restrictions allow. The web platform used to access the assessments was made publicly available in April 2016, with two of the 13 planned assessments being available at the time of writing.
The milestone to launch a map-based tool to visualise the assessment results does not provide much information as to the level of detail to be provided or potential uses of the tool, other than using spatial data associated with the assessments. The Department of Environment and Energy (DoEE) indicated that it was intended that different users would be able to use the tool to get information relevant to their interests, with local community members potentially able ‘to identify water-dependent assets that may be affected by hydrological changes caused by new coal mines and coal seam gas projects.
Making information available in a map-based platform could increase the ease of use of the assessments and make them more relevant and therefore useful to those impacted by the mining developments under assessment. However, the mapping tool will utilise information otherwise publicly available, and therefore will only have a minor potential impact on making the information more accessible, using a technological approach to do so.
The Commonwealth Government is required under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 to report every five years on the State of the Environment (SoE). The first SoE report was produced in 1996. The report considers the state of the environment across nine thematic areas, considering the pressures, state and trends, management effectiveness and risks factors in each area as well as considering overall drivers and outlooks. The report brings together information from a variety of sources, including state and local governments, and provides qualitative analysis and expert assessment from a variety of scientific disciplines. The DoEE indicated in interviews that the value of the report consisted in bringing together information on the state of the environment at a particular time that might be publicly available but from a wide variety of places, and subjecting it to analysis.
The milestone also committed the government to publish the 2016 report through an online information platform as well as releasing the underlying data on data.gov.au. While the milestone does not provide details as to the elements of the platform, it is intended to make it easier to access the information through avoiding having to access a hard copy, to allow searching by keywords and metatags, to access links to underlying data for graphs and maps, interactive graphs and to enable comparisons between reports. The commitment will therefore increase the quality of the information available using technological innovation to do so. However, a stakeholder with expertise in government platform design noted that as the report provides a point in time detailed analysis of environmental information its potential impact is more limited than if the information on which it was based was available as it was updated.
Milestone 1: This milestone was substantially completed on time. Interviews with PM&C indicated that Data61 had analysed use of the data.gov.au website and the quality of the data published. There had also been comments left by users on data.gov.au itself. However, results of this research were not publicly available at the time of writing. A prototype version of the new search capability was made available on 3 March 2017. Design concepts have been released for facilitating project collaboration and a way of promoting the links between the insights or stories developed through use of the data available on data.gov.au and the data itself. Responsibility for management of data.gov.au was shifted to the Digital Transformation Agency on 14 September 2017.
Milestone 2: This milestone was completed on time. Finance made GrantConnect publicly available on 6 February 2017, enabling users to register to receive notification of grant opportunities, watch forecast opportunities and access grant guidelines and changes to grants processes. Details of grants awarded are also available, including whether the contract and outputs are confidential. Reports are available to download in an .xls format. Amendments to the Commonwealth Grant Rules and Guidelines made it mandatory for all non-corporate government agencies subject to the Public Governance, Performance and Accountability Act 2013 to report grant opportunity guidelines and information on grants awarded on GrantsConnect with limited exceptions.
Milestone 3: This milestone saw limited completion. In interviews with the Department of Finance in preparation for this report, a version of the platform under development was demonstrated. However, the platform is not publicly available online yet. Consultation was occurring with various entities to ensure the compatibility of the platform with the current methods for preparing annual reports.
Milestone 4: This milestone saw limited completion. Archives released the 2016 report into the 2020 policy in April 2017. This includes the results of surveys on agency’s digital records practices in 2015 and 2016. It also released an Information Management Standard in April 2017 outlining principles and expectations for management of information relating to the business of Australian government agencies. Archives also released a Digital Authorisations Framework in November 2017 to assist in the shift from analogue to digital decision making and approval processes.
In May 2017, the government announced that the Department of Finance, in consultation with Archives, will implement a ‘Whole-of-Government Digital Records Platform’ to automate records management functions in line with the 2020 policy. The platform is intended to be piloted prior to being rolled out in 2020. As detailed in the Government’s Mid-Term Self-Assessment report, Archives have also continued to make archival records publicly available and launched digital access projects to present archived records in innovative ways, including stories of indigenous service personnel, tutorials on accessing World War I service records, and photographs documenting the post-war migration. Archives indicated in interviews that they were progressing the digital availability of World War II records and had released several groups of service records in support of various commemorations of World War II events. This milestone is therefore on time. However, the limited publicly available information relating to progress towards this milestone and the scope and ambition of the 2020 policy means that there was only limited additional overall progress during the reporting period.
Milestone 5: This milestone was substantially completed but delayed. The mapping tool was not publicly available at the time of writing. It is therefore delayed from its expected implementation of mid-2017. It was indicated that the tool was being developed in conjunction with the Bureau of Meteorology and was being tested with the existing data. The intention was to release the tool publicly in association with the two assessments available in 2017, followed by a further two assessments in 2018.
The 2016 State of the Environment Report was made available online using the SoE Digital platform on 7 March 2017 after user testing with researchers, non-government organisations and businesses, starting in October 2016. The 2011 State of the Environment Report was also made available on the SoE platform. Spatial data can also be viewed on the National Map.
The Government Mid-Term Self-Assessment report indicates that 16 government agencies and other entities have advertised 118 grant opportunities on the GrantConnect platform, and more than 2,950 people and organisations have registered to receive notifications.
The State of the Environment 2011 and 2016 reports, being online for the first time, made available or improved online access to more than 330 government datasets, allowed a comparison between the two periods, including through use of data visualization approaches, and had more than 25,000 unique visitors through to September 2017.
There were no early results for other milestones available for the assessment period.
While each of milestones in this commitment is a useful addition to improving public access to government data, and further evaluation of impact would be useful, the potential impact of any further development suggests that they are not a priority for the next national action plan.
The interaction with development of digital information practices, lead by Archives in milestone 4, should be integrated with the review of information management laws, policies and practices being conducted by the Attorney-General’s Department under Commitment 3.1. Clearer performance indicators under the 2020 policy could also be established and a consultation process established to evaluate its progress and consider priorities.
As this collection of commitments suggests, there are likely to be a large number of potential projects across a range of government agencies which would improve the accessibility and value of government information, but which individually would not warrant inclusion in the next national action plan. However, a broader consultation process to identify and prioritise projects of this sort, as well as developing facilities and resources to support their development, could be considered.
 Blog.data.gov.au, ‘Working on the new data.gov.au’, available at https://blog.data.gov.au/news-media/blog/working-new-datagovau
 National Innovation and Science Agenda, ‘Data61: Australia’s digital and data innovation group’, http://www.innovation.gov.au/page/data61-australias-digital-and-data-innovation-group.
 Generally involving financial assistance not involving procurement of property or services, act of grace payments, payments of compensation, benefits or entitlements established by legislation, tax concessions, investments or loans, financial assistance to states or lecal governments, or certain education-related payments, or international assistance. Commonwealth Grants Rules and Guidelines, [2.5], https://www.legislation.gov.au/Details/F2014L00908/Html/Text#_ftnref41.
 Mel Flanagan, Director Nook Studios, Sydney NSW, 23 August 2017; Kat Szuminska, Director, Open Australia Foundation and member, Open Government Forum, Phone meeting, 11 September 2017.
 Public Governance, Performance and Accountability Act 2013 s 46.
 Division 3-A, Part 2-3 of the Public Governance and Accountability Rule 2014, https://www.legislation.gov.au/Details/F2017C00730
 See Freedom of Information Act 1982 paragraph 8(2)(e).
 Department of Finance, Canberra ACT, 12 September 2017.
 Archives, Digital Continuity 202 Policy, October 2015, http://www.naa.gov.au/information-management/digital-transition-and-digital-continuity/digital-continuity-2020/index.aspx
 Archives, ‘Digital Transition policy’, http://www.naa.gov.au/information-management/digital-transition-and-digital-continuity/digital-transition-policy/index.aspx
 Archives, ‘Agency Service Centre’, http://www.naa.gov.au/information-management/support/agency-service-centre/index.aspx
 Archives, ‘Agency implementation targets and pathways’, http://www.naa.gov.au/information-management/digital-transition-and-digital-continuity/agency-implementation-targets-pathways/index.aspx
 Archives, ‘Implementation of Digital Continuity in the Australian Government, August 2016’, http://www.naa.gov.au/information-management/digital-transition-and-digital-continuity/reporting/implementation-digital-continuity-government-1st-report-august-2016.aspx.
 Interviews with Kat Szuminska, Director, Open Australia Foundation and member, Open Government Forum, Phone meeting, 11 September 2017; Associate Professor Johan Lidberg, Monash University, Melbourne VIC, 25 August 2017.
 Interview with Christine Johnstone, Archives, 14 September 2017.
 These include representatives from historical and archivists societies, researchers and other users of archival material. There are also Aboriginal Advisory Groups in Darwin and Melbourne relating to accessing stolen generation and other material. Interview with Christine Johnstone, Archives, 14 September 2017, and subsequent emails.
 Bioregional Assessments, ‘Frequently Asked Questions’, http://www.bioregionalassessments.gov.au/about/frequently-asked-questions
 Department of the Environment and Energy, ‘National Partnership Agreement on Coal Seam Gas and Large Coal Mining Development’,
IRM End of Term Status Summary
 Australian Government’s Mid-Term Self-Assessment report.
 Interview with Department of Environment and Energy, Canberra, 21 September 2017.
 Australia State of the Environment Report, ‘SoE 2016 content and processes’, https://soe.environment.gov.au/how-why/how-report-written.
 It is estimated that the final version of the report would weigh more than 6 kg when printed: interview with Department of Environment and Energy, Canberra, 21 September 2017.
 Interview with Department of Environment and Energy, Canberra, 21 September 2017. See also Australia State of the Environment Report, ‘So Digital’, https://soe.environment.gov.au/how-why/soe-digital.
 Interviews with Mel Flanagan, Director Nook Studios, Sydney, NSW, 23 August 2017. Mel Flanagan has designed and developed a number of open government platforms relating to the environment, including Common Ground (available at http://commonground.nsw.gov.au (accessed 6/4/2018) providing information about mining and exploration activity in NSW).
 Interview with Nick Newhouse, PM&C, Canberra ACT, 15 September 2017.
 Search for open data, http://search.data.gov.au/: blog.data.gov.au, ‘Have your say on the next generation of data.gov.au’, https://blog.data.gov.au/news-media/blog/have-your-say-next-generation-datagovau.
 PM&C, ‘Data functions transfer to the DTA’, https://www.pmc.gov.au/news-centre/public-data/data-functions-transfer-dta
 Department of Finance Blog, ‘GrantConnect – Commonwealth Grant Opportunities’, https://www.finance.gov.au/blog/2017/02/06-GrantConnect-Commonwealth-Grant-Opportunities/
 GrantConnect reports, https://www.grants.gov.au/?event=public.reports.list.
 Commonwealth Grant Rules and Guidelines 2017, [5.1]-[5.8], https://www.finance.gov.au/resource-management/grants/.
 Department of Finance, Canberra ACT, 12 September 2017.
 Archives, ‘Implementation of Digital Continuity in the Australian Government, August 2016’, http://www.naa.gov.au/information-management/digital-transition-and-digital-continuity/reporting/implementation-digital-continuity-government-1st-report-august-2016.aspx.
 Archives, ‘Information Management Standard’, http://www.naa.gov.au/information-management/information-management-standard/index.aspx (accessed 4/9/2018).
 Archives, ‘Digital Authorisations and workflows’, http://www.naa.gov.au/information-management/digital-transition-and-digital-continuity/information-is-managed-digitally/digital-authorisations-and-workflows/index.aspx.
 Archives, ‘Whole-of-government digital records platform’, http://www.naa.gov.au/information-management/digital-transition-and-digital-continuity/information-is-managed-digitally/Whole-of-Government-Digital-Records-Platform.aspx.
 Interview with National Archives of Australia, 14 September 2017.
 Interview with Department of Environment and Energy, 21 September 2017.
 Government Mid-Term Self-Assessment Report at p 40.
 See https://soe.environment.gov.au/how-why/soe-digital (accessed 6/4/2018).
 Australian Government Mid-Term Self-Assessment Report at p 36.
 Australian Government Mid-Term Self-Assessment Report at p 40.
 Department of Environment and Energy officials have indicated that user research and evaluation of the State of the Environment Report is underway.
Strengthen anti-corruption framework
AU0016, 2018, Anti-Corruption Institutions
Political Donation Transparency
AU0017, 2018, Legislation & Regulation
AU0018, 2018, E-Government
Improve Public Service Practice
AU0019, 2018, Capacity Building
Access to Information
AU0020, 2018, OGP
Enhance public engagement skills in the public service
AU0021, 2018, Capacity Building
Independent Review of the Australian Public Service
AU0022, 2018, Capacity Building
Expand open contracting
AU0023, 2018, E-Government
AU0001, 2016, Legislation & Regulation
Beneficial ownership transparency
AU0002, 2016, Beneficial Ownership
Extractive industries transparency
AU0003, 2016, Beneficial Ownership
Combating corporate crime
AU0004, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions
AU0005, 2016, E-Government
Public Trust in Data Sharing
AU0006, 2016, Capacity Building
Digitization of Government Services
AU0007, 2016, Capacity Building
Information Management and Access Laws
AU0008, 2016, Capacity Building
Freedom of Information
AU0009, 2016, Capacity Building
Access to Government Data
AU0010, 2016, Capacity Building
Electoral System and Political Parties
AU0011, 2016, Public Participation
National Integrity Framework
AU0012, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions
AU0013, 2016, Capacity Building
AU0014, 2016, OGP
AU0015, 2016, Capacity Building