Open Data for Intelligent Mobility (DE0007)
Action Plan: Germany National Action Plan 2017-2019
Action Plan Cycle: 2017
Lead Institution: Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure
Support Institution(s): BMVI executive agencies; industry (SME and startups), research community, civil society
Policy AreasE-Government, Infrastructure & Transport, Open Data, Public Participation, Public Service Delivery, Science & Technology
Description: Making available the data of the Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure (BMVI), linking them with third-party data and funding data-related application development will create an ecosystem for intelligent mobility. Aim: The BMVI wants to create and specifically promote a culture of transparency and responsiveness as well as creative solutions for issues of transport policy. The ministry seeks to achieve this through the mFUND funding programme for mobility and transport infrastructure and by connecting relevant stakeholders. To this end, it is necessary and planned to involve the ministry’s executive agencies in a coordinated manner. Technical and organizational framework conditions are to be created. Status quo: Public administration data (in particular mobility data) are not yet sufficiently made public and accessible to businesses, civil society, researchers or even to public administration; potential for innovation lies unused. The mFUND research initiative is intended to remedy this situation by generating more open mobility data and use cases for these data. Ambition: An ecosystem of mobility data and innovations for intermodal transport and mobility of the future will be established. The desired outcomes rely on active involvement of users in the BMVI’s open data project. This is based on three principles: information about users; open data services tailored to the users’ needs; and promoting co-creation with users. New or ongoing: ongoing Implemented by: Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure Organizations involved in implementation: BMVI executive agencies; industry (SME and startups), research community, civil society Organizational unit and contact: Division DG25, firstname.lastname@example.org Open government values addressed: Participation, transparency, technology/innovation Relevance: The commitment creates transparency for the open (government) data (in particular mobility data) of the ministry and its 15 executive agencies, promotes the goals of the Open Government Partnership and supports technological innovation.
IRM Midterm Status Summary
7. Open Data for Intelligent Mobility
Language of the commitment as it appears in the action plan:
“Making available the data of the Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure (BMVI), linking them with third-party data and funding data-related application development will create an ecosystem for intelligent mobility.”
7.1 Applying the mFUND programme
7.2 Connecting the various stakeholders through events and innovation competitions:
- networking meetings
- BMVI Data Run (hackathon)
- Startup pitch
- dialogue with civil society (e.g. 2017 Data Summit)
- Contest Deutscher Mobilitätspreis (German Mobility Award)
7.3 Adding the technical component “user dialogue” to the open data portal mCLOUD
7.4 Adding more data to the open data portal mCLOUD
7.5 Connecting mCLOUD to the federal GovData portal
7.6 Integrating open data approaches in the ministry’s laws (e.g. for the spatial data offered by the German Meteorological Service (DWD); amending the DWD Act)
7.7 Involving the public in developing noise maps for the rail infrastructure
Start Date: July 2017
End Date: June 2019
Context and Objectives
Within the field of open data in Germany, the development of innovative, data-driven mobility solutions has been earmarked for the largest amount of government funding.  For example, 20 percent of funded projects under the EUR 150 million mFUND initiative, the federal government’s main funding program to support future mobility innovations, directly relate to the provision of open data, while many others support the broader open data ecosystem. 
According to the action plan, the Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure “wants to create and specifically promote a culture of transparency and responsiveness as well as creative solutions for issues of transport policy.” The ministry is the coordinating commitment implementer.
Milestones 7.4, 7.5, and 7.6 in particular make this commitment relevant for transparency. They aim to expand open data availability related to mobility issues (7.4) and link the main government data portals on mobility (mCLOUD) and administrative information (GovData). The milestones also seek to strengthen the legislative basis for further opening up related datasets, such as official weather data and statistics (7.6). The mFUND funding program referenced in Milestone 7.1 also aims to support data initiatives that embrace an ecosystem approach and practices of co-creation. That milestone makes this commitment relevant for technology and innovation. The milestones’ activities also speak to the value of civic participation. Milestone 7.2 outlines networking and stakeholder dialogue activities. Milestone 7.3 calls for designing a more interactive interface for the mCLOUD data portal, and Milestone 7.7 involves the public in mapping the noise footprint of the railway network.
The milestones are verifiable, yet some (7.4, 7.7) need more specificity. The range of different yet complementary initiatives closely aligns with the envisaged ecosystem development. These activities include creating the necessary legal foundation (7.6), providing seed funding (7.2), networking stakeholders (7.2), populating the data repository (7.7), and conducting trials of collaborative data production efforts (7.7).
The linkage to data held by the private sector constitutes a promising innovation in the commitment.  Linking this data could be a first step toward creating a data collaborative to stand as a promising model for more equitable and problem-centric data sharing templates fbeyond the transport policy area.  The mCLOUD portal already actively invites business and other nongovernmental data holders to add links to their data.  With this multi-level approach to fostering an entire open data ecosystem and the gradual move toward a data collaborative model, this commitment could serve as a lighthouse project and have a transformational impact on opening government.
The IRM researcher recommends that future commitments in this area:
- consider more strongly the co-creation potential and the targeted inclusion of civil society stakeholders in the networking mechanisms—for example, consider groups from the alternative mobility, environmental, and data justice spheres;
- explore mechanisms and incentives to open and interlink mobility data across levels of government, from federal to state to local; and
- explore desirability and ability regarding implementation of public-private data trusts in this area, particularly regarding the importance of training data for autonomous vehicle; data rights; privacy and competition considerations; and sharing obligations in the context of data capture by ride-hailing and ride-sharing, public transport providers, and original equipment manufacturers in the automotive sector. 
 Interview with civil society representative; view confirmed by scan of 2019 budget allocations to open data issues.
 Of the 133 project entries on the mFUND portal, 28 are tagged for the open data portal (https://www.bmvi.de/DE/Themen/Digitales/mFund/Projekte/mfund-projekte.html).
 Included in the narrative for this commitment in the mid-term self-assessment report, issued by the federal government in November 2018 (https://www.verwaltung-innovativ.de/SharedDocs/Publikationen/Internationales/Zwischenbericht_OGP_engl_Fassung.pdf?__blob=publicationFile&v=2).
 See Stefaan Verhulst, "Corporate Social Responsibility for a Data Age," Stanford Social Innovation Review, 15 February 2017, https://ssir.org/articles/entry/corporate_social_responsibility_for_a_data_age.
 Some of these related issues have, for example, been flagged in the following two recent parliamentary inquiries: Deutscher Bundestag, Standards und Rahmenbedingungen bei Fahrzeugdaten für die Mobilität des 21. Jahrhunderts [Standards and Framework Conditions for Vehicle Data for 21st Century Mobility], Antwort der Bundesregierung auf die Kleine Anfrage 19/6736, Drucksache 19/7312 (2019); Deutscher Bundestag, Open Data Bus und Bahn—Bedeutung der Richtlinie über die Weiterverwendung, von Informationen des Öffentlichen Sektors (PSI-Richtlinie) für den Öffentlichen Personennahverkehr, Antwort der Bundesregierung auf die Kleine Anfrage 19/6966, Drucksache 19/7498 (2019).
Conditions for OGP Participation
DE0001, 2017, OGP
Open Data in Administrative Practice
DE0002, 2017, Capacity Building
Open Data Environment
DE0003, 2017, Capacity Building
Access to Spatial Data
DE0004, 2017, Capacity Building
Financial Transparency - EITI Standard
DE0005, 2017, E-Government
Transparency in Development Policy
DE0006, 2017, Aid
Open Data for Intelligent Mobility
DE0007, 2017, E-Government
Citizen Participation in Environmental Policy and Urban Development
DE0008, 2017, Capacity Building
Electronic Procedures for Family Benefits
DE0009, 2017, E-Government
Knowledge Network for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Intersex People
DE0010, 2017, E-Government
Local Alliances for Family Initiative
DE0011, 2017, Public Participation
Share of Women and Men in Leadership Positions, Private and Private Sectors
DE0012, 2017, E-Government
Open Access to Academic Literature
DE0013, 2017, E-Government
Science Year 2018
DE0014, 2017, Public Participation
Federal Competition “Living Together Hand in Hand”
DE0015, 2017, Citizenship and Immigration