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Moldova

Increase Knowledge of Public Procurement Process (MD0062)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Moldova National Action Plan 2016-2018

Action Plan Cycle: 2016

Status: Inactive

Institutions

Lead Institution: Ministry of Finance (Public Procurement Agency), State Chancellery (E-Government Center)

Support Institution(s): MiLab – Social Innovations Laboratory

Policy Areas

Capacity Building, E-Government, Open Contracting and Procurement, Open Data, Private Sector

IRM Review

IRM Report: Moldova End-of-Term Report 2016-2018, Moldova Mid-Term Report 2016-2018

Starred: No

Early Results: Marginal

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information Technology

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion:

Description

Title: Increased awareness and knowledge concerning public procurement process
1.5. Organizing communication, awareness and training sessions of the open data community on the availability and use of public procurement data
1.6. Facilitating access to public procurement procedures for small and medium-sized enterprises through training programs on online accessing bidding documents, registering offers, submitting requests to participate, communicating with other bidders
1.7. Organizing events and sessions with civil society and application developers to link public procurement data and other data sets such as company data to highlight different phenomena that were previously difficult to detect
Responsible institution: Ministry of Finance (Public Procurement Agency), State Chancellery (E-Government Center)
Supporting institution(s): MiLab – Social Innovations Laboratory
Start date: 4th quarter 2016 End date: 2nd quarter 2018

IRM Midterm Status Summary

1b. Increase knowledge of public procurement process

Commitment Text:

Title: Increased awareness and knowledge concerning public procurement process

1.5. Organizing communication, awareness and training sessions of the open data community on the availability and use of public procurement data

1.6. Facilitating access to public procurement procedures for small and medium-sized enterprises through training programs on online accessing bidding documents, registering offers, submitting requests to participate, communicating with other bidders

1.7. Organizing events and sessions with civil society and application developers to link public procurement data and other data sets such as company data to highlight different phenomena that were previously difficult to detect

Responsible institution: Ministry of Finance (Public Procurement Agency), State Chancellery (E-Government Center)

Supporting institution(s): MiLab – Social Innovations Laboratory

Start date: 4th quarter 2016 End date: 2nd quarter 2018

Editorial Note: For the purpose of the IRM report, commitment one was broken up into two separate commitments (see details in the General Overview of Commitments section). These three commitment activities focus on increasing awareness and knowledge of Mtender, the e-procurement system, which was developed as part of the public procurement system development strategy 2016-2020 and the Action Plan 2016–2018[Note110: The law, http://lex.justice.md/md/368482/].

Context and Objectives

The main issue addressed by this commitment is the lack of transparency in the public procurement process, which can contribute to corruption and limit the access of certain social groups to the public procurement process or outcomes. The objectives of this commitment are to 1) raise awareness and hold trainings for the open data community on the use of public procurement data, 2) train small and medium enterprises on public procurement procedures, and 3) train civil society and applications (software) developers on how to correlate public procurement data to other datasets to identify errors, and other interlinked phenomena. These activities are relevant to the OGP value of access to information and technology and innovation.

The specificity of this commitment is medium since it describes clear activities, although commitment activity 1.5 does not identify the specific stakeholders (within the open data community) the events are targeted for. Although the commitment text does not explicitly state that these events will cover the new e-procurement system, Mtender, this is understood within the overall context of the action plan.

If fully implemented, this commitment could have a moderate potential impact by providing more information on public procurement procedures and by clarifying how Mtender functions, how it can be accessed, and what data and analysis it can generate. Civil society representatives[Note111: European Business Association, IDIS Viitorul NGO, Expert-Grup NGO, Ziarul de Garda Newspaper.] interviewed by the IRM researcher shared that there is a strong interest among local public authorities, the business sector, journalists and civil society representatives in learning more about the Mtender system and how to use the open data it provides.

Though Mtender is not specifically mentioned in the action plan, it is an important part of the public procurement reform, with a majority of the interviewed stakeholders having referred to it. It was their understanding that Mtender is part of the action plan, justifying the IRM researcher to provide their input on this.

Completion

At the end of the first year of implementation, the commitment is on schedule and substantially complete.

Under the wide scope of commitment activity 1.5, the Ministry of Finance (MoF) held several events in frequent collaboration with the Public Procurement Agency (PPA) and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD). In 2017, MoF hosted a training session for public institutions piloting the Mtender system[Note112: Ministry of Finance, Public Procurement Agency, Customs Office, Tax Authority, Financial Inspection, State Enterprise FinTehInform, and for the commercial platforms, ensuring the frontend service.]; an event launching Mtender, in which 130 stakeholders attended[Note113: This was confirmed by the EBRD Office Moldova, and the following NGOs, members of the Steering Committee of the MTender Project: AGER, IDIS Viitorul, ExpertGrup.]; and a series of 10 training sessions[Note114: These are components of the Technical Cooperation Project between EBRD and the Ministry of Finance; the events were financed by EBRD.] in various locations[Note115: Chisinau, Hancesti, Orhei, Ungheni, Tighina, Cahul, Comrat Balti, Soroca, and Edinet.] throughout the country. Additionally, other relevant training events were organized by EBRD at the request of MoF.[Note116: In 2017, EBRD organized three training sessions on Mtender for the Center for Centralized Public Procumbent in the Health Sector,http://capcs.md/slider/achizitii-publice-in-sectorul-de-sanatate-teorie-si-practica/] According to the government, a workshop on 'Open Contracting in Moldova' was held on 27 June 2017, where the latest version of the open contacting portal (opencontracting.date.gov.md) was presented to representatives from civil society and the public sector. The PPA, along with IDIS Viitorul, also organized two training seminars on November 3 and 5 2017. The first training was on the functioning of the public procurement system in Moldova and the second was on the process for public procurement in the country.

The MoF also hosted an Mtender workshop in January 2017 with public authorities, held an Mtender event in February for the private sector, and organized an Mtender workshop in collaboration with the Business Association of Moldova in August. The IRM researcher received a list of the events from the EBRD office in Moldova. However, the IRM researcher was unable to verify the completion of these events due to limited publicly available information.

According to the government self-assessment, the PPA organized a training seminar to present 'the platform of the low-value electronic public procurement system (IRM researcher note: this refers to the piloting of the MTender system, which allowed in 2017 the piloting for low-value contracts only) to 23 economic operators' (1.6).[Note117: Self-Assessment Report, https://www.opengovpartnership.org/wp-content/uploads/2001/01/Moldova_Mid-Term-Self-Assessment_2016-2018_EN.pdf] It is unclear, however, who the economic operators were and whether or not the seminar included topics on accessing bid documents and communication with other bidders (as stated in the action plan). Also, according to the self-assessment, during this period the government organized six workshops on sustainable procurement and one conference. The IRM researcher was unable to verify these events and their participants due to the lack of publicly available information.

Concerning commitment activity 1.7, the MiLab Social Innovations Laboratory[Note118: This UNDP project 'aims to establish a multilateral platform to engage actors from different sectors (public, private, non-profit, etc.) to seek and experiment with innovative approaches to the society’s problems', http://md.one.un.org/content/unct/moldova/en/home/our-work/joint-un-projects/centrul-de-inovaii-sociale-din-moldova-.html
Ultimately, the Lab is working on developing solutions that have been tested on the ground and co-developed with the strong involvement of beneficiaries and are ready to be scaled-up in extended environments.], together with the E-Government Center, organized various events for civil society and software developers in the fall of 2017. [Note119: Moldova Social Innovation Lab, Facebook page, https://www.facebook.com/hashtag/opendatamediacamp?source=feed_text],[Note120: UNDP Moldova, http://www.md.undp.org/content/moldova/en/home/presscenter/pressreleases/2017/07/17/pnud-inspir-jurnali-tii-i-activi-tii-civici-s-valorifice-datele-deschise-.html,

http://www.md.undp.org/content/moldova/ro/home/presscenter/pressreleases/2017/09/19/25-de-jurnali-ti-i-activi-ti-civici-fac-front-comun-pentru-date-deschise-i-mai-mult-transparen-.html] These events included several components: a five-day camp in September[Note121: Organized with the financial support of SlovakAid.], a three-month mentorship, and a study visit. The topics addressed during the camp ranged from anti-corruption in the public procurement system, financial frauds to integrity and power abuse.[Note122: Open Data Media Camp, http://milab.md/ro/milab_projects/open-data-media-camp/] Twenty-five specialists, activists, journalists, and open data users attended the five-day camp and six of the attendees received mentorship on open data use and took a study visit to Slovakia.[Note123: Zugo portal, study visit to Slovakia, https://zugo.md/article/castiga-o-bursa-de--1000-si-o-vizita-de-studiu-in-slovacia--participa-la-open-data-media-camp-2017_19697.htm] Two databases[Note124: Links to the two databases, http://openmd.info/fen/ and http://openmd.info/primari/] were developed and published: Projects financed from the National Ecological Fund during the period 2011–2016[Note125: National Ecological Fund, http://openmd.info/fen/] and Elected/Appointed mayors of the Republic of Moldova during the period 1995–2017.[Note126: Mayors of the Republic of Moldova, http://openmd.info/primari/] The National Ecological Fund database is related to the scope of this commitment activity, and the link provided in the self-assessment leads to a website where the database is presented, and available for download in excel format.[Note127: National Ecological Fund, http://openmd.info/fen/] The second database is not related to public procurement.

The implementation of the activity was delayed due to some external factors related to the cooperation with the partner, SlovakAid.[Note128: MiLab team (I. Frunza, M.Gurghis, D.Belan), group interview, 19 December 2018]

There were also many activities implemented by various stakeholders supporting the implementation of this commitment, including the Organization of Small and Medium Enterprises (ODIMM),[Note129: The Organization for the Development of Small and Medium Enterprises (ODIMM), a public organization, organized training sessions with SMEs, informing them about Mtender.] the Moldovan Commerce and Industry Chamber,[Note130: The Moldovan Commerce and Industry Chamber organized events and training sessions on public procurement, which were open to all interested businesses. They also provide on-demand sessions to businesses. This information has been confirmed by the Commerce and Industry Chamber.] and business associations.[Note131: According to the European Business Association (EBA), several business associations organized joint training sessions on Mtender in 2017 for their members. The IRM researcher has conducted an interview with the representatives of Varolnform, one of the businesses managing one of MTender’s commercial e-procurement platforms (the ypages/tender platform). VaroInform provides hands-on training to contracting agencies who volunteer to pilot the e-procurement system and use their platform and is available for consultations via phone and email, as well as on-site.] However, these stakeholders are not listed as responsible or supporting institutions, and the work they have implemented does not count towards overall completion (as assessed by this report).

Next Steps

For this action plan cycle the IRM researcher recommends that the commitment is completed in the remaining period of the action plan. For the next action plan, the IRM researcher recommends the following:

· Assess the training needs of public authorities, businesses, and civil society concerning the new system.

· Develop clearer training, information and dissemination plan, and consider both offline and online activities to save public resources.

· Expand coverage of training sessions, by potentially using the existing Novateca[Note132: The Novateca network, http://map.novateca.md/ro/] network. Ensure that rural populations, including small businesses from rural areas, have access to the information on the new system.

IRM End of Term Status Summary

1.b Increase knowledge of public procurement process

Commitment Text:

Title: Increased awareness and knowledge concerning public procurement process

1.5. Organizing communication, awareness and training sessions of the open data community on the availability and use of public procurement data

1.6. Facilitating access to public procurement procedures for small and medium-sized enterprises through training programs on online accessing bidding documents, registering offers, submitting requests to participate, communicating with other bidders

1.7. Organizing events and sessions with civil society and application developers to link public procurement data and other data sets such as company data to highlight different phenomena that were previously difficult to detect

Responsible Institutions: Ministry of Finance (Public Procurement Agency), State Chancellery [E-Government Agency]

Supporting Institution: MiLab – Social Innovations Laboratory

Start Date: 4th quarter 2016

End Date: 2nd quarter 2018

Editorial Note: For the purpose of the IRM report, Commitment 1 was broken up into two separate commitments (see details in the General Overview of Commitments section). These three commitment activities focus on increasing awareness and knowledge of MTender, the e-procurement system, which was developed as part of the Public Procurement System Development Strategy 2016–2020 and the Action Plan 2016–2018. [41]

Commitment Aim:

The goal of this commitment, which is linked to commitment 1a, was to ensure more transparency in the public procurement process by raising awareness and holding training sessions for the open data community on the use of public procurement data, training small and medium enterprises on public procurement procedures, and civil society and application (software) developers on how to correlate public procurement data to other data. The commitment covered awareness activities related to public procurement and procurement data, including the new e-procurement system, MTender.

Status

Midterm: Substantial

By the end of the first of year of implementation this commitment was substantially completed. The Ministry of Finance (MOF), with the support of the Public Procurement Agency and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), held various events including: a training session for the institutions piloting MTender; [42] an event launching MTender; [43] and a series of 10 training sessions [44] in various locations [45] across the country. Other connected events organized in 2017 (workshops and a conference), relevant to Milestones 1.5 and 1.6, focused on open contracting in Moldova, sustainable procurement, and the public procurement process and procedures. The events mostly targeted public authorities, but some were also organized for the private sector and civil society. However, the IRM researcher was unable to verify the completion of all events due to limited publicly available information.

Under Milestone 1.7, the MiLab Social Innovations Laboratory, [46] together with the E-Government Agency, held several events for civil society and software developers in late 2017. [47], [48] These events, including a summer school, a mentorship program and a study visit, focused on various topics, including the public procurement system. [49] More details on the focus and outcomes of the activity are available in the IRM midterm report.

End of term: Complete

Considering that most activities foreseen by this commitment were completed in 2017 the end-of-term status of this commitment is considered completed. Activity 1.5 is no longer relevant because as soon as the new system MTender was implemented and became mandatory for all procuring entities, information sessions about the old SIA RSAP system, which was feeding information to the opencontracting.gov.md platform, became obsolete. The information it contains will be stored as historical data. [50]

At the same time, throughout 2018 and especially since September 2018, the Information and Technologies in Finance Center (ITFC), the Public Procurement Agency, and the Ministry of Finance, have continued to organize training sessions on the MTender system for all public procuring entities, which are also open for the private sector and any interested civil society stakeholders. [51] Expert Diana Enachi confirmed that her NGO, IDIS Viitorul, had attended some of these events without any difficulty. Furthermore, considering the major changes (see text of Commitment 1a) brought by the launch of the new e-procurement system, and the anticipation of the mandatory use of MTender for all public entities by law, in addition to the information available on the websites of the responsible state institutions, the mass media also intensively covered the subject, especially during the August - November 2018 period, e.g., on the online version of the Official Gazette, [52] the news portals diez.md, [53] bizlaw.md, [54] Ziarul de Garda (online and printed versions), and TV Stations Prime TV. [55]

Under Milestone 1.6, the Public Procurement Agency planned to hold five training sessions for businesses in 2018. [56] Though these did not focus on small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in particular, they were focused on the public procurement legal framework and the amendments. Also, the Public Procurement Agency (PPA) organized a training for SMEs on 27 February 2018, attended by 27 participants, on the new public procurement regulatory framework. The PPA planned another training for SMEs on the participation of business in public procurement processes for 19 December 2018. [57] According to the government’s Self-Assessment Report on the implementation of the action plan, 21 participants attended this training. The seminar was addressed to the employees of the small and medium-sized economic operators and the private sector specialists, who were included in the departments with attributions in the public procurement process. Into the seminar were discussed the following topics: -sources for accessing information on public procurement; - tender documentation: requirements, thresholds, deadlines, changes. - bids for participation in public procurement procedures; -rules of communication between the economic operator and the contracting authority; - how to submit complaints in public procurement procedures. Also, in February 2018, the MOF, the PPA, and the State Enterprise Fintehinform (the MTender managing entity), and the private entities owning the three platforms which are linked to MTender, organized 34 seminars, attended by 2,040 participants, on making public procurement more efficient through the use of the MTender system. [58] xpert Diana Enachi clarifies that the main facilitation of the SMEs’ participation in the public procurement processes was introduced by the amendments made to the public procurement law, which came into force in October 2018. [59] One of the amendments includes allowing procuring entities to request price quotations per batches/items rather than for one single large order, [60] and this gives the opportunity for more SMEs to participate in public procurement processes. [61] This ensures healthier competition and better prices for the procuring entities, as well as facilitating SMEs’ access to public procurement contracts.

IDIS Viitorul NGO held other events that potentially contributed to the implementation of the commitment: four workshops were organized in summer 2018 for the private sector on the legal amendments and public procurement process. [62], [63]

Did It Open Government?

Access to Information: Marginal

Prior to the implementation of the new MTender system, only limited information about the different stages of the public procurement process was available to the public. Investigative journalists and NGOs monitoring public procurement processes had shared these concerns for years. [64] Interviewees for the midterm and end-of-term reports mentioned the lack of transparency of the processes as a main issue that the new system intends to tackle. [65] Moreover, since this commitment is linked to Commitment 1a, as it refers to information and training related to the e-public procurement system, it contributes to safeguarding the full transparency of the public procurement process as the implementation of the new system allows citizens, CSOs and experts to track and monitor the processes. Awareness raising, as well as the training activities (for capacity building and ensuring the sound use of the e-system by procuring entities, businesses, CSOs, and experts,. [66] and securing the understanding of the new procurement legal framework and the rights and responsibilities of the participants in the process [67]), led to a change in practice and perception of the public procurement process by public entities and other stakeholders. These activities will thus potentially contribute to further open government practice, but they were still ongoing at the time of writing this report. Also, as the new system was launched only a few months ago, there are still no monitoring data to demonstrate its achievements and the challenges it faces compared to the planned outcomes, including how well the training and awareness-raising activities have contributed to capacity building and strengthening. Therefore, this commitment has improved access to information marginally, though commitment 1a has improved access to information in a major way.

functionalities of the system which have been developed, according to the government’s self-assessment [68] but are not yet active (e.g., e-catalogue, the business intelligence module, the execution of contracts tracking, and the required legal amendments of regulatory aspects of the aforementioned functionalities), and there is no clear timeline as to the launch of the full range of these functionalities, which will further strengthen the system’s ability to ensure full openness of public procurement.

Carried Forward?

The activities of this commitment were completed, as written, and are not carried over to the next action plan. At the same time, the importance of the new public procurement system for Moldovan society is manifold: it makes public procurement and expenses at local, regional, and national levels more transparent and it allows civil society groups to monitor and track different procurement contracts, it could help curb procurement-related corruption, and gives the opportunity to SMEs to access public contracts, which was difficult to achieve previously. Therefore, communication, training, awareness raising, and information activities will continue to take place, though outside the OGP framework.

[42] Ministry of Finance, Public Procurement Agency, Customs Office, Tax Authority, Financial Inspection, State Enterprise FinTehInform, and for the commercial platforms, ensuring the front-end service.
[43] This was confirmed by the EBRD Office Moldova, and the following NGOs, members of the Steering Committee of the MTender Project: AGER, IDIS Viitorul, ExpertGrup.
[44] These are components of the Technical Cooperation Project between EBRD and the Ministry of Finance; the events were financed by EBRD.
[45] Chisinau, Hancesti, Orhei, Ungheni, Tighina, Cahul, Comrat Balti, Soroca, and Edinet.
[46] This UNDP project “aims to establish a multilateral platform to engage actors from different sectors (public, private, non-profit, etc.) to seek and experiment with innovative approaches to the society’s problems”, http://md.one.un.org/content/unct/moldova/en/home/our-work/joint-un-projects/centrul-de-inovaii-sociale-din-moldova-.html. Ultimately, the Lab is working on developing solutions that have been tested on the ground and co-developed with the strong involvement of beneficiaries and are ready to be scaled-up in extended environments.
[50] Interview with Diana Enachi, IDIS Viitorul NGO Public Procurement Expert, 14 November 2018.
[57] Information communicated via email to the IRM researcher, 27 November 2018 by Alexandra Gariuc of the Public Procurement Agency.
[58] Information communicated via email to the IRM researcher, 27 November 2018 by Alexandra Gariuc of the Public Procurement Agency.
[59] Interview with Diana Enachi, IDIS Viitorul NGO Public Procurement Expert, 14 November 2018.
[61] Progress report on the implementation of the OGP action plan 2016-2018, submitted by the Ministry of Finance to the State Chancellery and provided via email to the IRM researcher by the State Chancellery OGP contact point.
[62] Interview with Diana Enachi, IDIS Viitorul NGO Public Procurement Expert, 14 November 2018.
[63] Information communicated via email to the IRM researcher, 27 November 2018 by Alexandra Gariuc of the Public Procurement Agency.
[65] I. Morcotilo (Expert Grup NGO), personal communication, 21 December 2017; Interview with Diana Enachi, IDIS Viitorul NGO Public Procurement Expert, 14 November 2018.
[66] Interview with Diana Enachi, IDIS Viitorul NGO Public Procurement Expert, 14 November 2018.
[67] List of Public Procurement Agency seminars, https://tender.gov.md/ro/agenda
[68] Expert Diana Enachi, IDIS Viitorul NGO, stated during the public comment period for this IRM End of Term Report that these functionalities are not yet developed.

Commitments

  1. Access to Information and Open Data

    MD0069, 2018, Capacity Building

  2. Budget Transparency and Public Procurement

    MD0070, 2018, E-Government

  3. Civil Society Collaboration

    MD0071, 2018, E-Government

  4. Diaspora Participation

    MD0072, 2018, E-Government

  5. Accountability Mechanism

    MD0073, 2018, Audits and Controls

  6. Public Service Delivery

    MD0074, 2018, Capacity Building

  7. Increase Public Procurement Transparency

    MD0061, 2016, E-Government

  8. Increase Knowledge of Public Procurement Process

    MD0062, 2016, Capacity Building

  9. Ensure Budgetary Transparency

    MD0063, 2016, E-Government

  10. Open Data in Education Sector

    MD0064, 2016, E-Government

  11. Publish Government-Held Open Data

    MD0065, 2016, E-Government

  12. Participative Policy-Making Process

    MD0066, 2016, E-Government

  13. Public Sector Evaluation

    MD0067, 2016, Public Participation

  14. Ensure Quality of Service Delivery

    MD0068, 2016, Capacity Building

  15. Improving the Government Open Data Portal

    MD0048, 2014, E-Government

  16. Setting up an Action Plan for Open Data

    MD0049, 2014, Legislation & Regulation

  17. Setting up Guidelines for Publishing Open Data.

    MD0050, 2014, Open Data

  18. Raising Awareness Among Civil Servants.

    MD0051, 2014, Legislation & Regulation

  19. Civil Servant Training

    MD0052, 2014, Capacity Building

  20. Government Email System

    MD0053, 2014, E-Government

  21. Auditing Public Websites

    MD0054, 2014, Audits and Controls

  22. Evaluating e-Petition Requirements.

    MD0055, 2014, E-Government

  23. Fostering Transparency at the Local Level.

    MD0056, 2014, E-Government

  24. Improving Communication at the Local Level.

    MD0057, 2014, E-Government

  25. Adopting New Public Consultations Principles.

    MD0058, 2014, Legislation & Regulation

  26. Training Civil Servants for Improved Communication

    MD0059, 2014, Capacity Building

  27. Improving Online Participation Platform

    MD0060, 2014, E-Government

  28. Strengthening the Enforcement of the Regulation on Transparency

    MD0001, 2012, E-Government

  29. Semestrial Progress Reports on Transparency in Decision Making

    MD0002, 2012, E-Government

  30. Update the Module "Decision Making Transparency" on the Websites of the Central Public Authorities

    MD0003, 2012, E-Government

  31. Publish Environmental Open Data on Central Public Authorities Websites

    MD0004, 2012, Environment and Climate

  32. Develop Methodological Guide

    MD0005, 2012, Environment and Climate

  33. Amendment Regulation

    MD0006, 2012, E-Government

  34. Mandatory Use of Government e-Mail Account Electronic (Gov.Md)

    MD0007, 2012, E-Government

  35. Annual Report on Public Sector Information

    MD0008, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  36. Post Information on Draft Policies and Legislations on Www.Particip.Gov.Md

    MD0009, 2012, E-Government

  37. Development of an Online Petition Portal

    MD0010, 2012,

  38. Starred commitment Draft the Law on Public Sector Information Reuse

    MD0011, 2012, Right to Information

  39. Develop Institutional Regulations for Collecting, Archiving and Publication of Data in Digital Format in Line with National Standards

    MD0012, 2012,

  40. Developing the Public Procurement Application

    MD0013, 2012,

  41. Starred commitment Drafting the Government Decision on Implementation of Law on Public Sector Information Reuse

    MD0014, 2012,

  42. Opening Priority Data

    MD0015, 2012,

  43. Publishing the Open Government Data Catalogue

    MD0016, 2012,

  44. Expanding Government Data Portal (Www.Date.Gov.Md)

    MD0017, 2012, E-Government

  45. Mapping the Location of Public Institutions

    MD0018, 2012, E-Government

  46. Develop Applications to Launch of the Innovative Applications Development Contest

    MD0019, 2012,

  47. Implementation of Selected Apps

    MD0020, 2012,

  48. Develop National Standards for Collecting, Archiving and Publication of Data in Digital Format

    MD0021, 2012,

  49. Amend Law No. 1264- XV to Make Income and Property Declarations of Senior Officials, Judges, Prosecutors, and Civil Servants, Public

    MD0022, 2012,

  50. Develop an Online Automated Information System for Public Officials to File Income Statement

    MD0023, 2012,

  51. Develop Guidelines for Using Social Media in the Public Sector

    MD0024, 2012,

  52. Harmonize Public Relations and Communication Strategy with the Guidelines on Using Social Media

    MD0025, 2012, Capacity Building

  53. Government Presence in Social Media

    MD0026, 2012, Capacity Building

  54. Social Media in Government Training

    MD0027, 2012, Capacity Building

  55. Develop Regulation

    MD0028, 2012,

  56. Publish Documents

    MD0029, 2012, E-Government

  57. Publish Projects, Plans and Budget Proposals on Websites of Authorities

    MD0030, 2012,

  58. Starred commitment Publish Real-Time Information on State Budget Execution

    MD0031, 2012,

  59. Update Annual Database on Public Spending (BOOST) and Publish Data for 2011

    MD0032, 2012,

  60. Publish Online Realtime Income and Expenditures of Central Public Authorities

    MD0033, 2012,

  61. Opening up Data and Providing Quarterly Updates on External Assistance

    MD0034, 2012,

  62. Create an Internal Integrated Information System for Collecting Information on External Assistance

    MD0035, 2012,

  63. Develop and Launch an External Web Application to Monitor Flow of External Assistance

    MD0036, 2012,

  64. Transparent Information on Public Procurement

    MD0037, 2012,

  65. Starred commitment Develop and Launch the Electronic Information System

    MD0038, 2012,

  66. Establish a Procurement Agency Assistance Center

    MD0039, 2012,

  67. Train Public Offcials

    MD0040, 2012, Capacity Building

  68. Develop Indicators and Statistical Methodology for Transparency in e-Procurement Systems

    MD0041, 2012,

  69. Starred commitment Amend Electronic Procurement Law

    MD0042, 2012,

  70. Draft and Approve List of Public Services

    MD0043, 2012,

  71. Develop and Implement Quality Standards

    MD0044, 2012,

  72. Digitize Public Service Gradually

    MD0045, 2012,

  73. Starred commitment Human Resources Management System

    MD0046, 2012,

  74. Innovative IT Tools for Primary and Secondary Education System

    MD0047, 2012,