Groningen Open Data Re-use (NL0021)
Action Plan: Netherlands 2016-2018 National Action Plan
Action Plan Cycle: 2016
Lead Institution: Utrecht University
Support Institution(s): Province of Groningen, the City of The Hague, the Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations, Wise & Munro (Netherlands), the University of Salerno, Ancitel, Comune di Prato (Italy), National de la Recherche Scientifique (France), National University of Ireland, Dublin City Council, Dublinked (Eire), Warsaw School of Economics (Poland), Ortelio Ltd and the Open Knowledge Foundation (UK).
Policy AreasInfrastructure & Transport, Labor, Open Data, Private Sector, Public Participation, Subnational
The Province of Groningen has joined other stakeholders in the public and private sectors, civil society organisations and individuals to explore ways in which open data can help to address and resolve issues relating to demographic shrinkage, and specifically in the areas of housing, employment, healthcare and welfare.
The Groningen project is part of a three-year European research programme entitled Raising Open and User-friendly Transparency-Enabling Technologies for Public Administration Project (ROUTE-TO-PA), in which the social and societal impact of open data is to be assessed. The key objective of the project is to promote the re-use of open data using new IT applications. This will not only make government more transparent but will create new opportunities to resolve societal issues based on the use of open data.
IRM Midterm Status Summary
The province of Groningen has joined local governments and other stakeholders in the public and private sectors, civil society organizations and individuals, to explore ways in which open data can help to address and resolve social issues. The project is part of a three-year European Horizon 2020 innovation project entitled ROUTE-TO-PA, in which the social and societal impact of open data is to be assessed. The key objective of the project is to promote the re-use of open data using new IT applications. This will not only make government more transparent but will create new opportunities
1. A social platform for open data (SPOD) which facilitates interaction between government and the users of open data with regard to one or more societal issues.
2. The development of a Transparency Enhancing Toolset (TET) for government and open data users to accompany the social platform.
3. Formulating guidelines and good practices (GUIDE) on the basis of the project results to ensure more effective use of open data in addressing various societal challenges.
Responsible institution: Urecht University
Supporting institution(s): The Province of Groningen, the City of The Hague, the Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations, Wise & Munro (Netherlands), the University of Salerno, Ancitel, Comune di Prato (Italy), National de la Recherche Scientifique (France), National University of Ireland, Dublin City Council, Dublinked (Eire), Warsaw School of Economics (Poland), Ortelio Ltd and the Open Knowledge Foundation (UK)
Start date: 1 January 2016 End date: 30 June 2018
Editorial Note: This is a truncated version of the milestone text. For the full commitment text, please see The Netherlands National Action Plan (https://www.opengovpartnership.org/sites/default/files/Netherlands_NAP-Appendix_2016-2018_EN_revised-with-changes.pdf)
Context and Objectives
ROUTE-TO-PA is a three-year European Horizon 2020 innovation project. XX[Note73: Route-to-PA website, http://routetopa.eu.]XX This commitment involves activities by an international multidisciplinary consortium with stakeholders in the public and private sectors, civil society organizations and individuals, to explore ways in which open data can help to address and resolve social issues. The commitment contains three vaguely formulated milestones: to develop a social platform for open data, develop a transparency enhancing toolset, and formulate guidelines and good practices. The overall specificity of this commitment is low. Although all listed activities could be construed as verifiable, it is not clear what interaction the social platform aims to facilitate, nor is the purpose and functionality of the toolset specified. The steps to formulate the guidelines are also not clear, and therefore not measurable.
This commitment is relevant to the OGP value of access to information since it aims to enhance transparency measures of open data users and ensure more effective use of open data. The commitment also entails creating a social platform which would facilitate interaction between users of open data and the government. The level of meaningful input or influence users would have in government decisions, however, is unclear.
Due to vaguely formulated commitment text, it is not clear whether this commitment will have any potential impact. Since no government agency has direct responsibility for implementing this commitment, it is not clear whether it will affect government practice.
According to the government self-assessment, this commitment has been substantially implemented by third party organizations. The development of the Social Platform for Open Data (SPOD) is in an advanced stage XX[Note74: Midterm self-assessment report, https://www.opengovpartnership.org/sites/default/files/Netherlands_Mid-term_Self-Assessment-Report_2016-2018_EN.pdf.%5DXX and its development is being led by a foreign company called Oxwall. XX[Note75: SPOD, http://spod.routetopa.eu.]XX According to the website brochure, SPOD will be the technological basis for guided support toward citizens, providing mechanisms and tools to help to show the effectiveness of the interactions. Within this sub-project, the lead institution initiated a Population Decline Challenge. There are no publications on this challenge. XX[Note76: Route to PA blog, http://www.open-overheid.nl/gastblog/hoe-gaat-route-to-pa.%5DXX TET (transparency enhancing toolset) is an open data portal, developed by a foreign company called Insight. XX[Note77: Route-to-PA case study, http://routetopa.eu/tag/tet-en.%5DXX Within this sub-project, the lead institution initiated a test by a group of users. There is no publication or other evidence on these activities. On the TET website, Dutch open data is provided by the Open State Foundation. According to the self-assessment report, the guidelines and good practices (GUIDE) have not been developed. It is not clear how the government is planning on using any of the tools developed by this commitment.
The IRM researcher recommends this commitment not be taken forward in the next action plan. First, the current formulation of this commitment does not clearly communicate its intended result. Second, 'recent research shows that there are too many online platforms for e-democracy, and that these platforms often stop because citizens do not use them.' XX[Note78: Binnenlands Bestuur 2018-6, p.13.]XX Third, without involving the Dutch government in implementation, this project cannot effectively change government practice around the re-use of open data.
In the future, the action plan should clearly identify the role of participating Dutch public institutions and only include projects that are within the direct responsibility of the government and that obtain results within the Netherlands.
local digital democracy
NL0028, 2018, E-Government
NL0029, 2018, Capacity Building
NL0030, 2018, Anti-Corruption Institutions
NL0031, 2018, Capacity Building
open local decision-making
NL0032, 2018, Capacity Building
‘Open by Design’ pilots
NL0033, 2018, E-Government
NL0034, 2018, Open Contracting and Procurement
NL0035, 2018, Audits and Controls
Open government standard and dashboard
NL0036, 2018, E-Government
Pioneering Network for an Open Government for Municipalities
NL0037, 2018, Capacity Building
Transparent political party finance
NL0038, 2018, Legislation & Regulation
National Open Data Agenda
NL0019, 2016, Capacity Building
Stuiveling Open Data Award
NL0020, 2016, Open Data
Groningen Open Data Re-use
NL0021, 2016, Infrastructure & Transport
Releasing ministerial research reports
NL0022, 2016, Health
Detailed open spending data
NL0023, 2016, Fiscal Transparency
Open local authority decision-making
NL0024, 2016, Open Data
Training civil servants on public participation
NL0025, 2016, Capacity Building
Easier freedom of information requests
NL0026, 2016, Capacity Building
Open Government Expertise Centre (LEOO)
NL0027, 2016, Capacity Building
Further develop and promote disclosure and use of Open Data
NL0001, 2013, E-Government
Increase financial transparency through Open Budget and experiments with Open Spending and Budget Monitoring
NL0002, 2013, E-Government
Open House of Representatives
NL0003, 2013, E-Government
Instruments for integrity
NL0004, 2013, Anti-Corruption Institutions
Revamp the legislative calendar
NL0005, 2013, E-Government
More online consultation
NL0006, 2013, E-Government
More transparency in decision-making through Volgdewet.nl legislation-tracking website
NL0007, 2013, E-Government
Informal approach to freedom of information requests
NL0008, 2013, Right to Information
From Rules to Freedom
NL0009, 2013, Public Participation
Change attitudes and procedures through Smarter
Working and ‘Public Servant 2.0’
NL0010, 2013, Capacity Building
NL0011, 2013, Public Participation
Develop and implement participation policy at the Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment
NL0012, 2013, Public Participation
Make government information accessible and easy to
NL0013, 2013, Capacity Building
Make citizens better informed and more empowered: public inspection and correction of information
NL0014, 2013, E-Government
Open announcements and notifications
NL0015, 2013, E-Government
Public services and the user perspective
NL0016, 2013, E-Government
Designate categories of government information for
NL0017, 2013, Capacity Building
Rethink information management and active access: four ‘open by design’ pilot projects
NL0018, 2013, E-Government