Skip Navigation
Romania

Open Education (RO0063)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Romania Action Plan 2018-2020

Action Plan Cycle: 2018

Status: Active

Institutions

Lead Institution: Ministry of Research and Innovation (MCI)

Support Institution(s): Ministry of National Education, Centre for Public Innovation Kosson.ro

Policy Areas

Access to Information, Capacity Building, E-Government, Education, Open Data, Public Service Delivery

IRM Review

IRM Report: Pending IRM Review

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information , Technology

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion: Pending IRM Review

Description

Open Education
2018-2020 Lead implementing agency/actor Ministry of National Education (MEN) — Directorate for Information and Communication Technology, Directorate-General for Strategic Management and Public Policies Other actors involved State actors CSOs, private sector, multilaterals, working groups Romanian Open Educational Resources Coalition (RED Coalition) What is the public problem that the commitment will address? In the context of the promotion by the MEN of the creation of open educational resources by teachers and other education specialists, the need to inform and train creators of open educational resources appears through the CRED project. Through the provisions of Law no.1/2011 on national education, Romania has created the legal framework for the use of OERs - the Virtual School Library, but so far these provisions have not been implemented. Commitment description What is the commitment? The commitment aims at introducing a training component for teachers on open educational resources and copyright, in order to facilitate their transformation into creators of human resources for education. Creating the Virtual School Library and uploading Open Educational Resources. How will the commitment contribute to solve the public problem? The commitment brings a transparency dimension to already initiated internal processes, but at the same time makes a decisive contribution to the internal coherence of public policy adoption and implementation in the field of education. Why is this commitment relevant to OGP values? Increasing transparency of the public education system Increasing access to quality education and 37 stimulating innovation Milestone activity with a verifiable deliverable Responsible agency / partner Start Date: End Date: Training sessions for teachers on open educational resources and copyright MEN RED Coalition 2018 2020 Launch for approval of the procedure for validation of open educational resources to be used MEN August 2018 September 2018 Development of an open licence for the Virtual School Library MEN 2019 2019 Creation of technical support for the Virtual School Library MEN 2019 2019 Collection, from public and private sources, and publication of the initial repository of the Library MEN 2020 2020

IRM Midterm Status Summary

16. Open Education

Commitment Text: "The commitment aims at introducing a training component for teachers on open educational resources and copyright, in order to facilitate their transformation into creators of human resources for education, creating the Virtual School Library and uploading Open Educational Resources."

Milestones:

    • Training sessions for teachers on open educational resources and copyright
    • Launch for approval of the procedure for validation of open educational resources to be used
    • Development of an open licence for the Virtual School Library
    • Creation of technical support for the Virtual School Library
    • Collection, from public and private sources, and publication of the initial repository of the Library

Start Date: 2018 ...............................................

End Date: 2020

Editorial Note: The commitment text is abridged. The full text can be found in the OGP 2018-2020 national action plan.

Context and Objectives

This commitment has been continued from Romania’s third action plan (2016-2018). In 2017, Romania had an 18.1 percent dropout rate among students in primary and secondary education (far higher than the EU average of 10.6 percent) and spent three percent of its GDP on education (significantly lower than the EU average of 4.7 percent). [146] Romania wanted to address the financial pressure on students from low-income backgrounds (who were most at risk of dropping out) and increase the quality of affordable educational resources. Through the provisions of Law 1/2011 on national education, Romania created the legal framework for the use of open educational resources (RED) [147] to better enable access and reuse of educational materials and tools. Nevertheless, according to an interviewed Ministry of National Education (MEN) representative, the Virtual School Library (BSV) has not yet been developed or populated with REDs, not enough REDs exist, and not enough teachers know how to create or use them. [148] This is particularly problematic, because as of September 2018, there is a clear need for educational materials to supplement the school manuals. According to the MEN representative, NM 808/2017 addresses the abundance of low-quality, paid resources that pupils had to acquire by mandating that no educational resources for primary and secondary education that must be paid for can be required. Instead, REDs could supplement the school manuals, as they were more easily peer reviewed, and feedback was public and delivered in a timely way. [149]

This commitment aims to increase the transparency of already initiated internal processes to modernize the education system (i.e., REDs and BSV) and to promote the coherence of local public policies regarding the validation of REDs. By increasing the number of REDs and their usage for teaching, assessment, or research, this commitment supports the OGP value of access to information. Finally, this commitment clearly aims to use technology and innovation to increase access to educational resources.

The specific milestones of this commitment have the potential to improve the creation of auxiliary educational materials that supplement schoolbooks and to help reduce school dropout rates. 72,000 REDs are estimated to be produced. [150] While it is unclear how many will be validated and reach students through the BSV portal, these REDs will address the need for auxiliary educational materials created by NM 808/2017. 55,000 schoolteachers will be trained to produce and utilize REDs, and while this is just a fraction of the total number of schoolteachers in Romania, the e-learning sessions and REDs will allow traditional periodic methodical gatherings (where schoolteachers learn and share their skills and knowledge) to take place at a faster pace and to reach larger and more isolated communities. According to a civil society representative, local validating procedures exist and have already been enforced, such that a national vetting procedure will only marginally improve the quality of REDs. [151] More importantly, however, it helps disseminate REDs that fulfill the same minimum standard through the BSV portal.

Next steps

According to the MEN representative, this commitment is a priority for MEN, due to the lack of auxiliary educational resources, because MEN wants to ratify the UNESCO Recommendation on REDs. [152] The following recommendations could help the implementation of the commitment in the current action plan:

  • MEN could commit to training all schoolteachers in Romania, and consequently enable the reutilization of the "Relevant Curriculum relevant, open education for all" (CRED) [153] resources, such that they can be further disseminated by the trained schoolteachers to their untrained peers.
  • MEN could commit to populating the BSV portal with as many high-quality REDs as possible. Consequently, MEN should not only standardize vetting procedures for the uploading of REDs into the BSV portal, but also incorporate into the procedure a retraction mechanism for those that receive too much negative feedback, that are not used, or that become obsolete.
  • MEN could encourage the continuous creation and submission of REDs by rewarding those schoolteachers that contribute with their own REDs, especially if their content is positively received by the BSV community.

[147] REDs are freely accessible, openly licensed supplementary teaching, learning, assessment, and research materials.

[148] Interview with Claudia Teodorescu, Ministry of National Education (MEN), 2 September 2019.

[149] Interview with Claudia Teodorescu, MEN, 2 September 2019.

[150] Ibid.

[151] Interview with Ovidiu Voicu, Center for Public Innovation (CPI), 16 April 2019.

[152] "UNESCO Recommendation on Open Educational Resources", UNESCO, 18 April 2018, available at http://bit.ly/2kSlMdz.

[153] The CRED project started in 2017, has a budget of 42 million euros, and is part of the Strategy to Reduce the School Dropout, approved by HG 417/2015. More details on the CRED project are available at http://bit.ly/2kUqzep.


Commitments

  1. Standardize Public Consultation Practices

    RO0048, 2018, E-Government

  2. Open Local Government

    RO0049, 2018, Capacity Building

  3. Citizen Budgets

    RO0050, 2018, Capacity Building

  4. Youth Participation

    RO0051, 2018, Capacity Building

  5. Register of Civil Society Proposals

    RO0052, 2018, E-Government

  6. Access to Information – Local

    RO0053, 2018, Capacity Building

  7. Online Business Sector Information

    RO0054, 2018, Capacity Building

  8. Digital Consular Services

    RO0055, 2018, Capacity Building

  9. Transparency in the Funding of Political Parties

    RO0056, 2018, Access to Information

  10. National Investment Fund Transparency

    RO0057, 2018, Access to Information

  11. Civil Servant Training

    RO0058, 2018, Capacity Building

  12. Raise Awareness About Corruption

    RO0059, 2018, Capacity Building

  13. Transparency of Seized Assets

    RO0060, 2018, Access to Information

  14. Access to Social Services

    RO0061, 2018, E-Government

  15. Open Access to Research

    RO0062, 2018, Access to Information

  16. Open Education

    RO0063, 2018, Access to Information

  17. Evaluate Open Data

    RO0064, 2018, Access to Information

  18. Open Data

    RO0065, 2018, Access to Information

  19. Improving the Legal Framework and Practices Regarding Access to Public Interest Information

    RO0030, 2016, Access to Information

  20. Centralized Publishing of Public Interest Information on the Single Gateway Transparenta.Gov.Ro

    RO0031, 2016, Capacity Building

  21. Promoting Open Parliament Principles

    RO0032, 2016, Capacity Building

  22. Starred commitment Improved Management of the Applications Submitted for Granting Citizenship

    RO0033, 2016, Capacity Building

  23. Standardization of Transparency Practices in the Decision-Making Procedures

    RO0034, 2016, Capacity Building

  24. Centralised Publication of Legislative Projects on the Single Gateway Consultare.Gov.Ro

    RO0035, 2016, Capacity Building

  25. Citizens Budgets

    RO0036, 2016, Capacity Building

  26. Improve Youth Consultation and Public Participation

    RO0037, 2016, Capacity Building

  27. Subnational Open Government

    RO0038, 2016, Capacity Building

  28. Promoting Transparency in the Decision-Making Process By Setting Up a Transparency Register (RUTI)

    RO0039, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  29. Access to Performance Indicators Monitored in the Implementation of the National Anticorruption Strategy (SNA)

    RO0040, 2016, Access to Information

  30. Improve Transparency in the Management of Seized Assets

    RO0041, 2016, Access to Information

  31. Annual Mandatory Training of Civil Servants on Integrity Matters

    RO0042, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  32. Improving Access to Cultural Heritage

    RO0043, 2016, Capacity Building

  33. Open Data and Transparency in Education

    RO0044, 2016, Access to Information

  34. Virtual School Library and Open Educational Resources

    RO0045, 2016, Capacity Building

  35. Open Contracting

    RO0046, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  36. Increasing the Quality and Quantity of Published Open Data

    RO0047, 2016, Access to Information

  37. Publishing the Public Interest Information on a Single Government Portal: Transparenta.Gov.Ro

    RO0019, 2014, Access to Information

  38. Making an Inventory of the Datasets Produced by the Ministries and Subordinate Agencies

    RO0020, 2014, Access to Information

  39. Starred commitment Ensuring the Free Online Access to National Legislation

    RO0021, 2014, E-Government

  40. Amending Law 109/2007 on the Re-Use of Public Sector Information

    RO0022, 2014, Access to Information

  41. Opening Data Collected from the National Health System

    RO0023, 2014, Access to Information

  42. Opening Data Collected from the Monitoring of Preventive Measures as Part of the National Anticorruption Strategy 2012-2015

    RO0024, 2014, Access to Information

  43. Open Contracting

    RO0025, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  44. Opening up Data Resulted from Publicly-Funded Research Projects

    RO0026, 2014, E-Government

  45. Increasing the Quality and Quantity of Published Open Data

    RO0027, 2014, Access to Information

  46. Human Resource Training in the Field of Open Data

    RO0028, 2014, Access to Information

  47. Disseminating Information on the OGP Principles and Promoting the Open Data Concept in an Accessible Manner

    RO0029, 2014,

  48. Designating a Person Responsible for Publishing Open Data in Each Public Institution

    RO0001, 2012, Access to Information

  49. Identifying Regulatory Needs, Logistical and Technical Solutions

    RO0002, 2012, Access to Information

  50. Making an Inventory of Available (High-Value) Data-Sets

    RO0003, 2012, Access to Information

  51. Priority Publishing on the Web Pages of Public Institutions of Specific Data-Sets

    RO0004, 2012, Access to Information

  52. Initiating Pilot-Projects, in Partnerships

    RO0005, 2012, Access to Information

  53. Organizing Public Debates on the Utility of Open Data, in Partnerships

    RO0006, 2012, Access to Information

  54. Uniform, Machine-Readable Publishing Format for Open Data

    RO0007, 2012, Access to Information

  55. Procedures for Publication of Data-Sets Based on Civil Society Recommendations

    RO0008, 2012, Access to Information

  56. Procedures for Citizen Complaints Pertaining to Open Data

    RO0009, 2012, Access to Information

  57. Consultation Mechanism Between Suppliers and Beneficiaries of Open Data

    RO0010, 2012, Access to Information

  58. Creating a Rating System for the Assessment of High-Value Data-Sets

    RO0011, 2012, Access to Information

  59. Routinely Publishing Specific Data-Sets on Web Pages of Public Institutions

    RO0012, 2012, Access to Information

  60. Integrating Open Data from Public Institutions in a Single National Platform

    RO0013, 2012, Access to Information

  61. Inventories of Data, in Order to Facilitate Public Access

    RO0014, 2012, Access to Information

  62. Institute a Monitoring Mechanism of Compliance for Open Data

    RO0015, 2012, Access to Information

  63. Stimulating the Market for Innovative Use of Open Data

    RO0016, 2012, Access to Information

  64. Routinely Publishing Data-Sets on the National Platform, 25% High-Value

    RO0017, 2012, Access to Information

  65. The Public Procurement Electronic System (SEAP). the Electronic Allocation System for Transports (SAET)/B.1 C) Expanding the On-Line Submission of Fiscal Forms. Ensuring the Free On-Line Access to National Legislation. Developing Electronic Tools to Manage Subpoenas and Facilitate Access Toinformation Regarding Legal Proceedings. Developing Electronic Tools to Manage the Procedures Related to Obtaining the Romanian Citizenship. Developing Electronic Tools to Manage the Procedures Related to the Creation of Non-Profit Legal Persons. the Integrated System for Electronic Access to Justice (SIIAEJ)

    RO0018, 2012, Access to Justice

Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site!