North Macedonia Design Report 2018-2020
- Action Plan: Macedonia Action Plan 2018-2020
- Dates Under Review: 2018-2020
- Report Publication Year: 2020
North Macedonia’s fourth action plan continues to address themes such as access to information, fiscal transparency, open data, and openness at the local level. It also covers new topics, such as access to justice and parliamentary transparency. Moving forward, North Macedonia could establish a dedicated multi-stakeholder forum for OGP, and continue advancing priority themes, such as open data, access to justice and beneficial ownership transparency.
|Table 1. At a glance
Participating since: 2011
Action plan under review: Fourth
Report type: Design
Number of commitments: 23
Action plan development
Is there a Multistakeholder forum: No
Level of public influence: Involve
Acted contrary to OGP process: No
Action plan design
Commitments relevant to OGP values: 21 (91%)
Transformative commitments: 3 (13%)
Potentially starred: 3 (13%)
Action plan implementation
Starred commitments: N/A
Completed commitments: N/A
Commitments with Major DIOG*: N/A
Commitments with Outstanding DIOG*: N/A
*DIOG: Did it Open Government?
The Open Government Partnership (OGP) is a global partnership that brings together government reformers and civil society leaders to create action plans that make governments more inclusive, responsive, and accountable. The Independent Reporting Mechanism (IRM) monitors all action plans to ensure governments follow through on commitments. North Macedonia joined OGP in 2011. Since, North Macedonia has implemented three action plans. This report evaluates the design of North Macedonia’s fourth action plan.
General overview of action plan
North Macedonia’s fourth action plan continues to address major themes from previous action plans, such as access to information, fiscal transparency, open data, and improving openness at the local level. The plan includes new policy areas, such as access to justice and commitments from the Assembly of the Republic of North Macedonia.
The Ministry of Information Society and Administration (MISA) continued to lead a participatory process for the fourth action plan. MISA organized several thematic meetings, working groups, and public consultations that brought together a variety of civil society and government representatives. Separately, the Assembly held consultations to develop the Open Parliament commitments, which involved Assembly staff, civil society representatives, and representatives from international organizations.
Noteworthy commitments in the fourth action plan include the creation of an “open finance” database (Commitment 3.1) with data on all transactions disbursed by the Treasury, as well as data on the budgets of local self-governments. Additionally, Commitment 6.1 could significantly improve the legal framework around access to justice, while Commitment 6.2 could help improve access to legal services for marginalized and vulnerable communities.
Table 2. Noteworthy commitments
|Commitment description||Moving forward||Status at the end of implementation cycle.|
|2.1 Monitoring the property status of elected and appointed officials||This commitment aims to create an electronic submission of asset declarations. Moving forward, the IRM recommends making the data searchable according to key criteria and put in place a functional verification mechanism.||Note: this will be assessed at the end of action plan cycle.|
|3.1 Open treasury||This commitment will introduce an online database and web application for data on all transactions disbursed by the Treasury (“Open Finance”), including budgetary data for local self-governments. Moving forward, the IRM recommends evaluating the use of the portal to identify future improvements. The IRM also recommends specifying the level of information on expenditures and increasing the number of public bodies reporting to the portal.||Note: this will be assessed at the end of action plan cycle.|
|6.1 Access to justice development||This commitment primarily seeks to strengthen the legal framework around access to justice in North Macedonia. Moving forward, the IRM recommends conducting a legal needs survey to prioritize the major legal needs in the country and identify fair, cost-effective means of support.||Note: this will be assessed at the end of action plan cycle.|
|6.2 Improving access to justice for marginalized groups||This commitment aims to improve access to legal services and information on the legal rights for marginalized and vulnerable communities. Moving forward, the IRM recommends integrating legal services and dispute resolution mechanisms into planning and operations of vital sectors such as housing, employment, and education. The IRM also recommends identifying culturally appropriate means of delivering justice services to the communities.||Note: this will be assessed at the end of action plan cycle.|
The IRM recommendations aim to inform the development of the next action plan and guide implementation of the current action plan.
Table 3. Five KEY IRM Recommendations
|Create a formal multi-stakeholder forum with clear rules and procedures and a transparent selection process for members|
|Consider measures to disclose beneficial ownership in public contracts|
|Improve public consultations when drafting legislation|
|Continue efforts to improve access to justice through consultations with local communities|
|Continue efforts on open data, building on the example of the Open Finance portal|