Anti-corruption Measures (LV0045)
Action Plan: Latvia Action Plan 2019-2021
Action Plan Cycle: 2019
Lead Institution: Corruption Prevention and Combating Bureau
Support Institution(s): State and municipal institutions Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Health, JusticeMinistry, Prosecutor General's Office, Ministry of the Interior Representatives of the society Society for Transparency - Delna, Latvian Local Governmentunion
Policy AreasAnti-Corruption, Anti-Corruption Institutions, Capacity Building, Conflicts of Interest, E-Government, Health, Legislation & Regulation, Legislative, Public Procurement, Public Service Delivery, Subnational
What are the major national and societal challenges that this commitment will address?
The public and the public administration still have different perceptions of corruption risks and conflicts of interestmanifestations and measures that can help to alleviate it, as well as differences in treatmentforms of corruption and conflict of interest. There is a need to better understand what kind of support the state hasinstitutions need and have effective methods to improve skills in corruption andin the area of conflict of interest prevention, so that conflicts of interest are prevented in good time before they occur; andraising awareness of the risks of corruption within the institutions, fostering public confidence.
Anti-corruption measures in the area of public health are inadequate. KNAB has doneanalysis of corruption risks in this area. However, the work has not been systematic for some topical industryproblem-solving. In developing this Action Plan, a number of members of the public have been identifiedcurrent problems. For example, measures are needed to promote fairness and transparencytreatment of a visit to the doctor in a queue when vacant positions appear in the queue. Are notan in-depth look at the reasons behind the widespread patient appreciation gifts doctors receive to receiveservice or favorable treatment, and how to improve the situation.
Lack of transparency in public institutions and municipalities is perceived as a significant problem in societyand municipal companies, including financial flows and financial uses. It increases bothrisks of conflict of interest, both corruption and public confidence.Insufficient exchange of information between law enforcement authorities and others is a pressing issueinstitutions. The authorities are not always informed if an employee has committed an offense and is prohibited from taking up or pursuing a post. It should therefore be evaluatedthe need to make amendments to regulatory enactments. For example, the lawyer of the processa copy of the decision must be notified to the employer / institution in cases where:officials are subject to restrictions or prohibitions on performing their duties, or onin cases where criminal proceedings against the person have been terminated on non-rehabilitative basis, which:hereafter prohibited by law.
The Criminal Procedure Law provides for strict cases (Articles 247, first para., 254, 265 parafourth paragraph, Article 481, fourth paragraph, and Article 634, fourth paragraph, paragraph 4), in which the personappropriate coercive measures or restrictions (prohibitions) shall be notified to the persons concernedemployer.
What is the commitment?
The commitment is to implement the following measures to prevent corruption and conflicts of interest in a timely manner :
1. Support for the promotion of knowledge in public administration and in society of conflicts of interest andfor the prevention of and against intolerance to corruption:
• Survey and presentation of survey results to discuss support needed andawareness-raising techniques, such as interactive techniques such as workshops,guide, access to counseling, dilemmas, audio content (podcast),
• raise awareness of conflicts of interest in public administration through those supported by the surveymethods ,
• train ethics officers or educators in public administration;
• Raising public awareness of the consequences and causes of corruption (using innovative approachesmethods).
2. Measures to reduce corruption risks in the health care system:
• implement measures to reduce the risk of corruption (gratitude gifts) in healthcare;involving the health sector and the population receiving it,using public sector innovation and behavioral research methods,Implemented in conjunction with Commitment 5 - Public Participation Pilot Project on Health.
• Introduce a system to monitor actual waiting times for healthcare services;which is based on e-mail functionality.The KNAB, in cooperation with the Ministry of Health, is assessing whether these are sufficient solutions or necessaryother measures to alleviate the above societal challenges identified by the development of thisAction Plan.
3. To promote transparency in the procurement of municipalities and their capital companies in practiceprocess and use of funds (including those of subsidiaries and associations anduse of funds allocated to foundations) and is not subject to any conflict of interestsituation.This measure will be implemented with the involvement of municipalities and their capital companies, by asking for proposalsand examples of good practice. The event will result in recommendations to and from the municipalitiescapital companies.
4. Informing the employer / institution that an employee of the institution concerned has been initiatedand / or completed criminal proceedings that further prohibit or impose a particular occupationcertain restrictions:This measure will promote greater transparency in the public administration about the crimes committed by public officialsoffenses and will allow timely provision of information to offenders
and who are subject to an appropriate prohibition, occupation or occupation,providing that the person directing the proceedings must inform the employer of the cases in question.
How will the commitment help to address the issues identified?
Commitment will help to raise awareness within the public administration and society of conflict of interest andanti-corruption aspects using modern, interactive and innovative methods. Informingand educating public officials and the public will reduce the risks of corruption.Commitment measures will help to reduce the risk of corruption in health care facilities by encouragingawareness of the inadmissibility of corruption both to the institution's staff and members of the publicoverall.The commitment will promote transparent financial management in municipalities, associations, foundations andin capital companies.The commitment will promote openness in public authorities by ensuring timely exchange of information on themofficials who are subject to a ban or are legally required to perform their dutiesshall be prohibited from further employment.
Why is this commitment consistent with OGP values?
The commitment is fully in line with the following OGP values:
• openness, as it raises public awareness of the contributing factors to corruption; andprovide more information to the public on the work of public authorities;
• accountability as it improves regulation and mechanisms directed at public authorities andthe responsibility of public officials for what has been done and the decisions taken.
Available commitment ornecessary financing
Commitments will be made from those intended for this purposeState budget resources.If ministries and other central authoritieseventsof interestconflictprevention,measures to mitigate public concernscorruption problems in health care (exceptCommitment), or measures to promotemore transparent municipalities and their capital companiesprocurement process and use of funds will beneed additional state budget funding thenthe issue is on the 2021 draft state budgetand a medium-term budgetary framework projectpreparation process.
Relationship with other documents
Guidelines for preventing and combating corruption
Transparency in Public Procurement and Contracts
LV0040, 2019, Access to Information
LV0041, 2019, Access to Information
Transparency in Lobbying
LV0042, 2019, Capacity Building
Open Municipal Government
LV0043, 2019, E-Government
Public Engagement in Policymaking
LV0044, 2019, Capacity Building
LV0045, 2019, Anti-Corruption
Public Participation in Decision-Making
LV0028, 2017, Access to Information
LV0029, 2017, Access to Information
LV0030, 2017, Access to Information
LV0031, 2017, Capacity Building
LV0032, 2017, E-Government
LV0033, 2017, Anti-Corruption
Ethics in Public Management
LV0034, 2017, Capacity Building
LV0035, 2017, Legislation & Regulation
Open Public Procurement
LV0036, 2017, Access to Information
Transparency in State Management
LV0037, 2017, Access to Information
LV0038, 2017, Anti-Corruption
LV0039, 2017, Capacity Building
Concept Note on Publishing Data
LV0018, 2015, Access to Information
Portal Drafting Legislature and Development of Planning Documents
LV0019, 2015, E-Government
Platform Unifying Gov. Webpages
LV0020, 2015, E-Government
Transparency of Selecting Candidates for the Boards and Councils of Public Entity Enterprises
LV0021, 2015, Legislation & Regulation
Supervising Officials Responsible of Public Resources
LV0022, 2015, Anti-Corruption
Sustainable Model of Financing NGOs
LV0023, 2015, Civic Space
Online Collection of Signatures on Referenda
LV0024, 2015, E-Government
Draft Law on Protecting Whistleblowers
LV0025, 2015, Anti-Corruption
Assessment of the System of the Financing Political Parties
LV0026, 2015, Political Integrity
Code of Ethics and a Public Administration Employee’S Handbook for Public Sector
LV0027, 2015, Capacity Building
LV0001, 2012, Capacity Building
Strengthen Social Partners
LV0002, 2012, Public Participation
Trade Union Law
LV0003, 2012, Civic Space
LV0004, 2012, Civic Space
Public Engagement Model
LV0005, 2012, Open Regulations
Internet Access Points
LV0006, 2012, E-Government
Public Service Assessment
LV0007, 2012, Public Service Delivery
LV0008, 2012, E-Government
LV0009, 2012, E-Government
LV0010, 2012, Anti-Corruption
LV0011, 2012, Legislation & Regulation
LV0012, 2012, Anti-Corruption
Public Subsidy Control
LV0013, 2012, Private Sector
State Owned Enterprises Management
LV0014, 2012, Private Sector
Single Platform for Government Websites and Information
LV0015, 2012, E-Government
Online Broadcasting From the Cabinet and Parliament
LV0016, 2012, E-Government
Website For Public Participation
LV0017, 2012, E-Government