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Anti-corruption Measures (LV0045)



Action Plan: Latvia Action Plan 2019-2021

Action Plan Cycle: 2019

Status: Active


Lead Institution: Corruption Prevention and Combating Bureau

Support Institution(s): State and municipal institutions Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Health, JusticeMinistry, Prosecutor General's Office, Ministry of the Interior Representatives of the society Society for Transparency - Delna, Latvian Local Governmentunion

Policy Areas

Anti-Corruption, Anti-Corruption Institutions, Capacity Building, Conflicts of Interest, E-Government, Health, Legislation & Regulation, Local Commitments, Public Participation, Public Procurement, Public Service Delivery

IRM Review

IRM Report: Latvia Design Report 2019-2021

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information , Civic Participation

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion: Pending IRM Review


What are the major national and societal challenges that this commitment will address?
The public and the public administration still have different perceptions of corruption risks and conflicts of interestmanifestations and measures that can help to alleviate it, as well as differences in treatmentforms of corruption and conflict of interest. There is a need to better understand what kind of support the state hasinstitutions need and have effective methods to improve skills in corruption andin the area of ​​conflict of interest prevention, so that conflicts of interest are prevented in good time before they occur; andraising awareness of the risks of corruption within the institutions, fostering public confidence.

Anti-corruption measures in the area of ​​public health are inadequate. KNAB has doneanalysis of corruption risks in this area. However, the work has not been systematic for some topical industryproblem-solving. In developing this Action Plan, a number of members of the public have been identifiedcurrent problems. For example, measures are needed to promote fairness and transparencytreatment of a visit to the doctor in a queue when vacant positions appear in the queue. Are notan in-depth look at the reasons behind the widespread patient appreciation gifts doctors receive to receiveservice or favorable treatment, and how to improve the situation.

Lack of transparency in public institutions and municipalities is perceived as a significant problem in societyand municipal companies, including financial flows and financial uses. It increases bothrisks of conflict of interest, both corruption and public confidence.Insufficient exchange of information between law enforcement authorities and others is a pressing issueinstitutions. The authorities are not always informed if an employee has committed an offense and is prohibited from taking up or pursuing a post. It should therefore be evaluatedthe need to make amendments to regulatory enactments. For example, the lawyer of the processa copy of the decision must be notified to the employer / institution in cases where:officials are subject to restrictions or prohibitions on performing their duties, or onin cases where criminal proceedings against the person have been terminated on non-rehabilitative basis, which:hereafter prohibited by law.

The Criminal Procedure Law provides for strict cases (Articles 247, first para., 254, 265 parafourth paragraph, Article 481, fourth paragraph, and Article 634, fourth paragraph, paragraph 4), in which the personappropriate coercive measures or restrictions (prohibitions) shall be notified to the persons concernedemployer.

What is the commitment?
The commitment is to implement the following measures to prevent corruption and conflicts of interest in a timely manner :
1. Support for the promotion of knowledge in public administration and in society of conflicts of interest andfor the prevention of and against intolerance to corruption:
• Survey and presentation of survey results to discuss support needed andawareness-raising techniques, such as interactive techniques such as workshops,guide, access to counseling, dilemmas, audio content (podcast),
• raise awareness of conflicts of interest in public administration through those supported by the surveymethods ,
• train ethics officers or educators in public administration;
• Raising public awareness of the consequences and causes of corruption (using innovative approachesmethods).
2. Measures to reduce corruption risks in the health care system:
• implement measures to reduce the risk of corruption (gratitude gifts) in healthcare;involving the health sector and the population receiving it,using public sector innovation and behavioral research methods,Implemented in conjunction with Commitment 5 - Public Participation Pilot Project on Health.
• Introduce a system to monitor actual waiting times for healthcare services;which is based on e-mail functionality.The KNAB, in cooperation with the Ministry of Health, is assessing whether these are sufficient solutions or necessaryother measures to alleviate the above societal challenges identified by the development of thisAction Plan.
3. To promote transparency in the procurement of municipalities and their capital companies in practiceprocess and use of funds (including those of subsidiaries and associations anduse of funds allocated to foundations) and is not subject to any conflict of interestsituation.This measure will be implemented with the involvement of municipalities and their capital companies, by asking for proposalsand examples of good practice. The event will result in recommendations to and from the municipalitiescapital companies.
4. Informing the employer / institution that an employee of the institution concerned has been initiatedand / or completed criminal proceedings that further prohibit or impose a particular occupationcertain restrictions:This measure will promote greater transparency in the public administration about the crimes committed by public officialsoffenses and will allow timely provision of information to offenders
and who are subject to an appropriate prohibition, occupation or occupation,providing that the person directing the proceedings must inform the employer of the cases in question.

How will the commitment help to address the issues identified?
Commitment will help to raise awareness within the public administration and society of conflict of interest andanti-corruption aspects using modern, interactive and innovative methods. Informingand educating public officials and the public will reduce the risks of corruption.Commitment measures will help to reduce the risk of corruption in health care facilities by encouragingawareness of the inadmissibility of corruption both to the institution's staff and members of the publicoverall.The commitment will promote transparent financial management in municipalities, associations, foundations andin capital companies.The commitment will promote openness in public authorities by ensuring timely exchange of information on themofficials who are subject to a ban or are legally required to perform their dutiesshall be prohibited from further employment.

Why is this commitment consistent with OGP values?
The commitment is fully in line with the following OGP values:
• openness, as it raises public awareness of the contributing factors to corruption; andprovide more information to the public on the work of public authorities;
• accountability as it improves regulation and mechanisms directed at public authorities andthe responsibility of public officials for what has been done and the decisions taken.

Additional information
Available commitment ornecessary financing
Commitments will be made from those intended for this purposeState budget resources.If ministries and other central authoritieseventsof interestconflictprevention,measures to mitigate public concernscorruption problems in health care (exceptCommitment), or measures to promotemore transparent municipalities and their capital companiesprocurement process and use of funds will beneed additional state budget funding thenthe issue is on the 2021 draft state budgetand a medium-term budgetary framework projectpreparation process.

Relationship with other documents
Guidelines for preventing and combating corruption

IRM Midterm Status Summary

6. Actions for corruption prevention

Main Objective

The commitment constitutes implementation of the following activities to prevent corruption and conflicts of interests in a timely manner:

  1. Support to the promotion of knowledge in the State administration and public for the prevention of conflicts of interests and corruption, and also zero tolerance against corruption.
  2. Measures for the reduction of corruption risks in the healthcare system

Implementation shall be linked to Commitment 5 – public participation pilot project in the field of healthcare.

  1. Promotion of ensuring transparency of the procurement process and use of financial funds of local governments and their capital companies in practice (including the funds of subsidiaries and funds allocated to associations and foundations) and preventing of situations where a conflict of interests occurs.
  2. Provision of information to an employer/institution of the fact that against an employee of the respective institution criminal proceedings which prohibit him or her from holding a certain office in the future or imposes certain restrictions thereupon have been initiated or terminated.


  1. Training of employees of the State administration
  2. Support to employees of the State administration in the issues of the conflict of interest and corruption through the use of interactive and innovative methods
  3. An implemented measure in the health care sector.
  4. Proposals for greater transparency in the use of financing of local governments and their capital companies avoiding exposure to a conflict of interest have been prepared
  5. Amendments to laws and regulations which provide for improving the exchange of information between government institutions regarding the initiated or terminated criminal proceedings against persons working in the State administration

Editorial Note: For the complete text of this commitment, please see Latvia’s action plan at:

IRM Design Report Assessment





Potential impact:


Commitment Analysis

The commitment aims to implement corruption prevention measures in Latvia by training officials and raising awareness in institutions. The measures also introduce preventative and monitoring measures in the healthcare system and in local government, but it is unclear whether it creates sufficient public-facing opportunities to hold officials answerable for their actions.

According to the latest GRECO report, [57] over the past two decades, significant resources have been allocated to curb corruption in Latvia, although attention needs to be paid to executive functions. In addition, the 2016 Global Corruption Barometer indicated about 14% of public service users in Latvia have engaged in bribery. [58] More recent data [59] suggest that the public perceives corruption as being less of a problem now than in the past despite recent examples of ‘grand corruption’ [60] [61] and evidence of 'state capture.’ [62]

In recent years, Latvia has increased the maximum fines for foreign bribery, money laundering and false accounting offences. The threshold to prove money laundering has been lowered, and comprehensive legislation on whistleblower protection has been adopted, all of which have been marked as positive developments by the OECD. [63]

The Corruption Prevention and Combating Bureau (KNAB) is a vital institution that works on prevention, detection and investigation of corruption and that implements anti-corruption awareness-raising measures. KNAB organises regular trainings on corruption prevention, the legal anti-corruption framework and ethics for different governmental institutions. [64] KNAB has also organised trainings on conflict of interest for state administrations, upon request. [65] It also informs the general public on the corruption tendencies in the country and investigated corruption cases. Building on this, the commitment aims to use diverse tools to support knowledge sharing in public administration, which would be based on a survey that would help identify effective tools.

The commitment also includes measures to be taken to reduce corruption risks in the healthcare system, which have been pointed out by KNAB since 2011. [66] In 2018, 57% of the general public believed bribery and corruption are prevalent in the health sector. [67] Other studies have linked the lack of transparency around waiting times with bribery in the medical sector. [68] This is why, as was noted in Commitment 5, the stakeholders propose that the first step is to carry out a comprehensive study on the topic to determine the most appropriate plan of action for the future. This entails assessing causes and risks of corruption in health care specifically through the KNAB ‘Attitude towards corruption in Latvia’ survey. Since the action plan was adopted, the Government have confirmed that a survey will be carried out by the Ministry of Health and in collaboration with civil society organisation Providus, rather than KNAB. [69] Furthermore, the commitment also mentions an introduction of a new system for monitoring e-referrals. This system will be developed as a part of the reforms in the digitalisation of the health sector, but the precise functionality of the system has not yet been designed. It is not clear this system will publish such monitoring data.

In addition, the commitment aims to address an issue identified in previous State Audit Office reports [70] about the risk of capture by individual interest groups in local government spending and borrowing granted to projects against the public interest. It was noted in interviews with government representatives [71] that these kinds of cases can ‘fly under the radar’ easily under the current arrangements. To address the issue, the commitment includes a specific milestone to draft proposals for local governments on avoiding potential conflicts of interest. Again, it is not clear whether these proposals will be made publicly available or whether they will be drafted in collaboration or in consultation with civil society or the public.

Milestone 5 seeks to solve an issue regarding exchange of information between state institutions. Representatives from public institutions in the multistakeholder forum brought to light [72] that there is no system to inform an employer that an employee of the public administration (including police) has received a criminal conviction that would prohibit them from continuing in their role. In principle, there may be cases wherein such an employee has been found guilty, but no additional penalties have been assigned (e.g. in cases of settlement). The court is not tasked with informing the employer, which in principle could allow the employee to continue working. Addressing this issue would include legislative changes, most likely in the Criminal Procedure Law. [73] The commitment foresees regulatory and legislative changes which would ensure a new process is mandatory.

Although the commitment as a whole is not relevant to OGP values, overall it can be seen as having a moderate impact on the current corruption challenges facing corruption prevention in Latvia. The measures in healthcare for example will directly address some of the corruption risks identified. Changes in reporting criminally convicted public employees are expected to change the way this system operates inside government. It could be relevant to OGP values if it has clear participative or public-facing milestones – a monitoring system for healthcare e-referrals that is visible to the public, transparent reporting on the measures tackling criminally convicted public employees, or a collaborative consultation process with the public about transparent financing of local governments and their capital companies. Additionally, the head of KNAB recently noted [74] that the capacity of institutions like the KNAB need to be strengthened and supported to address most of the central challenges Latvia currently faces in terms of corruption prevention.

[57] Greco (2018) Evaluation Report: Latvia, Available at:, Last accessed: 07/06/2020.
[58] For more information, please see:, Last accessed: 07/06/2020.
[60] Reuters (2018) Latvia charges centralbank chief Rimsevics with accepting a bribe, Available at:, Last accessed: 07/06/2020. Public Broadcasting of Latvia (2019)
[61] Anti-graft cops swoop on another Rīga transport official, Available at:, Last accessed: 07/06/2020.
[62] OECD (2019) Implementing the OECD Anti-bribery Convention (Phase 3 Report - Latvia), Available at:, Last accessed: 07/06/2020. Public Broadcasting of Latvia (2018) ‘Oligarch conversations’ report names no names, Available at:, Last accessed: 07/06/2020.
[63] OECD (2019) Implementing the OECD Anti-bribery Convention (Phase 3 Report - Latvia), Available at:, Last accessed: 07/06/2020.
[64] To review KNAB’s educational activities since 2014, see:, Last accessed: 29/06/2020.
[65] The training module on conflict interest can be viewed (in Latvian) at:, Last accessed: 26/06/2020.
[66] To see the liste of KNAB studies, please see:, In particular, the 2011 study (in Latvian) On Corruption Risks in Healthcare System, Available at:, Last accessed: 07/06/2020.
[68] See, for example a report on BKUS hospital: Mangule (2015) Corruption in the health sector: challenges and good practices examples in Latvia: Project report on Children's Clinical University Hospital, Available (in Latvian) at:, Last accessed:29/06/2020.
[69] This information was provided by Inese Kuske, Latvian Government Point of Contact, State Chancellery
[70] See, for example, State Aufit Office (2019), Compliance of Municipal Infrastructure Objects and Project Funding System, Process, and Criteria with Principles of Rational Use, Efficiency, and Sustainability of Finances, Available at: Last accessed: 06/07/2020
[71] Interviews with stakeholders from Ministry of Justice, on 19th of May, 2020.
[72] Interviews with stakeholders from Ministry of Justice, on 19th of May, 2020.
[73] Criminal Procedure Law, Available at:, Last accessed: 26/06/2020.


  1. Transparency in Public Procurement and Contracts

    LV0040, 2019, Access to Information

  2. Open Data

    LV0041, 2019, Access to Information

  3. Transparency in Lobbying

    LV0042, 2019, Capacity Building

  4. Open Municipal Government

    LV0043, 2019, E-Government

  5. Public Engagement in Policymaking

    LV0044, 2019, Capacity Building

  6. Anti-corruption Measures

    LV0045, 2019, Anti-Corruption

  7. Public Participation in Decision-Making

    LV0028, 2017, Access to Information

  8. e-Legal Services

    LV0029, 2017, Access to Information

  9. Open Data

    LV0030, 2017, Access to Information

  10. Lobbying Transparency

    LV0031, 2017, Capacity Building

  11. Budget Transparency

    LV0032, 2017, E-Government

  12. Whistleblower Protections

    LV0033, 2017, Anti-Corruption

  13. Ethics in Public Management

    LV0034, 2017, Capacity Building

  14. Zero Bureaucracy

    LV0035, 2017, Legislation & Regulation

  15. Open Public Procurement

    LV0036, 2017, Access to Information

  16. Transparency in State Management

    LV0037, 2017, Access to Information

  17. Beneficial Ownership

    LV0038, 2017, Anti-Corruption

  18. Evidence-Based Governance

    LV0039, 2017, Capacity Building

  19. Starred commitment Concept Note on Publishing Data

    LV0018, 2015, Access to Information

  20. Portal Drafting Legislature and Development of Planning Documents

    LV0019, 2015, E-Government

  21. Platform Unifying Gov. Webpages

    LV0020, 2015, E-Government

  22. Starred commitment Transparency of Selecting Candidates for the Boards and Councils of Public Entity Enterprises

    LV0021, 2015, Legislation & Regulation

  23. Supervising Officials Responsible of Public Resources

    LV0022, 2015, Anti-Corruption

  24. Sustainable Model of Financing NGOs

    LV0023, 2015, Civic Space

  25. Starred commitment Online Collection of Signatures on Referenda

    LV0024, 2015, E-Government

  26. Draft Law on Protecting Whistleblowers

    LV0025, 2015, Anti-Corruption

  27. Assessment of the System of the Financing Political Parties

    LV0026, 2015, Anti-Corruption

  28. Code of Ethics and a Public Administration Employee’S Handbook for Public Sector

    LV0027, 2015, Capacity Building

  29. NGO Fund

    LV0001, 2012, Capacity Building

  30. Strengthen Social Partners

    LV0002, 2012, Public Participation

  31. Trade Union Law

    LV0003, 2012, Civic Space

  32. NGO Co-Working

    LV0004, 2012, Civic Space

  33. Public Engagement Model

    LV0005, 2012, Public Participation

  34. Internet Access Points

    LV0006, 2012, E-Government

  35. Public Service Assessment

    LV0007, 2012,

  36. Enhancing e-services

    LV0008, 2012, E-Government

  37. Transport e-services

    LV0009, 2012, E-Government

  38. Asset Disclosure

    LV0010, 2012, Anti-Corruption

  39. Lobbying Law

    LV0011, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  40. Whistleblower Protection

    LV0012, 2012, Anti-Corruption

  41. Public Subsidy Control

    LV0013, 2012, Private Sector

  42. State Owned Enterprises Management

    LV0014, 2012, Private Sector

  43. Single Platform for Government Websites and Information

    LV0015, 2012, E-Government

  44. Online Broadcasting From the Cabinet and Parliament

    LV0016, 2012, E-Government

  45. Website For Public Participation

    LV0017, 2012, E-Government

Open Government Partnership