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Spain

Public Integrity Systems (ES0048)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Spain Action Plan 2020-2024

Action Plan Cycle: 2020

Status: Active

Institutions

Lead Institution: Ministry of Territorial Policy and Public Function, Ministry of Economic Affairs and Digital Transformation

Support Institution(s): Other actors involved (Public)  Other Ministries, with the support of the corresponding Inspections of Departmental Services and its Coordinator Commission.  Other Public Administrations through the Sectoral Commission of Open Government and Inter‐administrative Network of Quality in Public Services. Other actors involved (Civil Society)  Academic World (Universities).  Civil Society Organisations in the area of Integrity.  Sectoral Commission of Open Government.  Open Government Forum.

Policy Areas

Anti-Corruption, Anti-Corruption Institutions, Automated Decision-Making, Capacity Building, Conflicts of Interest, Digital Governance, E-Government, Legislation & Regulation, Lobbying, Participation in Lawmaking, Public Participation

IRM Review

IRM Report: Pending IRM Review

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Pending IRM Review

Potential Impact: Pending IRM Review

Implementation i

Completion: Pending IRM Review

Description

According to the Framework Document approved in 2019 by the group of Public Administrations and civil society within the Permanent Commission of the Open Government Forum and the Sectoral Commission of Open Government, the 4th Plan must be oriented towards the objective of building a system of public integrity, strengthening the ethical values and mechanisms to consolidate the integrity of the public institutions and bolster the citizenry's confidence. This commitment corresponds to a strategy to strengthen the preventative systems of public integrity from various perspectives, taking into account the main contributions of the citizenry to draft the 4th Open Government Plan. In this way, it contains four lines of action:  Diagnosis and improvement of the systems of public integrity. Development of risk maps, codes of conduct, ethics climate surveys, self‐evaluation guides and training for civil servants.  Regulation of a mandatory registry of lobbies  Amendment of the law on disqualification of the staff at the service of the Public Administrations  Reinforcement of Integrity in specific areas: public integrity and artificial intelligence

5.1
What is the problem/need that is desired to resolve with the commitment? In the words of the OECD, public integrity refers to the constant alignment and appropriation of ethical values, principles and shared standards, to protect and prioritise public interest about private interests in the public sector (OECD, 2016). At this point, it is important to reconsider society's demands and define new principles and guidelines that guide the exercise of public responsibilities, with standards that are most suitable for today's society, codes of conduct, specific lines of action, training programmes and accountability mechanisms. For these reasons, it is considered appropriate to carry out a general diagnosis of the preventative systems of public integrity existing in the State General Administration, based on which we can plan a framework of improvement actions in said environment for the highest ranking officials and the civil servants, in accordance with the values of public integrity, transparency and responsibility, thus reaffirming the confidence of the citizenry in public service. 74

Objectives of the commitment To strengthen the systems of public integrity through a set of measures with a preferably preventative intention, which fosters the detection of irregular actions. Brief description of the commitment It seeks to carry out a diagnosis of the integrity systems existing within the State General Administration that allows identifying strong points and areas of improvement, based on which preventative actions can be planned by the public officials in accordance with the current Administration. This will allow establishing monitoring systems of the organizations in successive phases through the development of risk maps and improvement plans, preparing codes of conduct, carrying out surveys and self‐evaluation of the ethical climate, promoting values of integrity in the quality management models of the organizations and improving the training and advising of the civil servants on these subjects.

How does the commitment contribute to solve the problem or cover the need? It contributes to building a system of public integrity, strengthening the ethical values and mechanisms to bolster the integrity of the public institutions and reinforce the trust of the citizenry.

Why is the commitment relevant with respect to the values of Open Government? 1. Without a doubt, the establishment of preventative public integrity systems promotes, strengthens and improves the quality of participation in public management, given that it allows the citizenry and civil society organisations to participate in making public decisions related to this commitment, in order to achieve better results and a better quality democracy. 2. The collaboration with actors involved in civil society delves deeper into transparency, through carrying out actions intended for its improvement and the evaluation of results, in this case, of the programmes regarding the development of integrity systems. 3. Logically, the greater relevance of the defined commitment results, by its very definition and the activities it entails, in contributing to build a system of public integrity, strengthening the ethical values and mechanisms to strengthen the integrity of public institutions and reinforce trust among the citizenry. 4. This commitment also seeks to raise awareness among civil servants on Open Government values.

Additional information  As a complement to the activities that form part of the commitment, and as a presentation of it, it would be feasible to coordinate a space on the Transparency Website to report the specific actions that will be developed regarding public integrity and related information that further details the commitment and its activities, actions by the actors involved and supervisor bodies in the subject area, and notable good practises at the national level.  Initially, the commitment does not have a quantified independent budget, given that to the extent possible, the activities will be developed with the own personal means of the public actors and civil society involved, including the eventual economic costs in the current budgets of the directive centres or organisations as own actions of their functions. 75

Activities of the commitment Date Start Date End 1. Carry out a diagnosis of the systems of public integrity Carry out a diagnosis of the systems of public integrity existing within the State General Administration from a preventative point of view, identifying strong points and areas of improvement to plan actions that reinforce the values and principles of public integrity. 15/11/2020 15/06/2021 2. To strengthen the values of integrity in the quality management models Adaptation of the quality management models of the organisations (EVAM and EFQM) to strengthen the values of public integrity as a transversal pillar, which crosses and qualifies the different operating pillars. Development of pilot experiences in ministries and public bodies. 15/12/2020 15/10/2021 3. To promote the drafting of codes of conduct for the GAB Drafting of codes of conduct for the State General Administration, adapted to the characteristics, risks and specificities of each organisation. Development of pilot experiences in ministries and public bodies. 15/01/2021 15/03/2024 4. Training actions Training of the staff of the public sector in ethics and integrity. 15/01/2021 15/06/2024 5. To promote the creation of risk maps in the organisations Drafting of guides and recommendations, with the objective that the organisations of the Central Government create their risk maps to identify the activities or processes susceptible to be considered in this way, to quantify their probability of occurring and measure their potential damage. These maps would be used to be able to develop a strategy in this regard. Development of pilot experiences in ministries and public bodies. 15/09/2021 15/03/2023 6. Design of ethics climate surveys and self‐evaluation guides Design of ethics climate surveys and self‐evaluation guides in each department, with experts on preparing and carrying out surveys. Development of pilot experiences in ministries and public bodies. 15/05/2022 15/06/2023 7. Inter‐administrative cooperation Drafting a letter of integrity commitments that different Public Administrations can comply with. 15/01/2024 15/09/2024

5.2
"What is the problem/need that is desired to resolve with the commitment? Regulating the relations of the lobbies with the leaders of groups thus covers a legal vacuum in our regulations that has been emphasized by both international organisations and civil society.

Objectives of the commitment To establish a law applicable to the State General Administration and the organisations and related entities of Public Law and dependent on them, which defines the actions and relations of these groups in terms of disclosure and avoiding conflicts of interests.

Brief description of the commitment ‐ Definition. ‐ Framework of action. ‐ Establishment of disclosure and registry standards. ‐ Duties and obligations of the people forming part of these groups. ‐ Limitations of the rotating doors between senior officials and civil servants on the one hand, and lobbies, on the other. ‐ Allocate the management of this Registry to the Office of Conflicts of Interest.

How does the commitment contribute to solve the problem or cover the need? It contributes by establishing the flow of participation in a transparent and public manner of the pressure groups, in such a way that the interests of these groups contribute to adopt public decisions.

Why is the commitment relevant with respect to the values of Open Government? The regulations that govern the lobbies will represent a clear strengthening in terms of quality, improving the transparency of the participation of lobbies in the decision‐making. On the other hand, the establishment of a code of conduct for the people representing these groups will represent an improvement in the prevention of conflicts in exercising the public jobs and positions. Of course, it is an essential standard in relation to a system of Public Integrity.

Additional information  Commitment budget. Initially, the commitment does not have a quantified independent budget, given that to the extent possible, the activities will be developed with the own personal means of the public actors and civil society involved, including the eventual economic costs in the current budgets of the directive centres or organisations as own actions of their functions.  Links of interest: https://www.lobbying‐register.uk/ 77 https://www.hatvp.fr/le‐repertoire/ https://rgi.cnmc.es/

Activities of the commitment Date Start Date End Drafting and approving the Law: Main milestones 1. Prior consultation and study of the contributions. Preparing the draft bill and impact analysis report 07/01/2022 30/03/2022 2. Submission to the council, so it can decide on the next proceedings, and particularly, the queries, opinions and reports that are appropriate (art. 26.4 Law 50/1997) 01/04/2022 30/04/2022 3. Processing of the hearing and public information. 01/05/2022 31/07/2022 4. Reports from other departments and bodies: • Office of Regulatory Coordination and Quality • Report from Autonomous Regions and FEMP • GTS Ministers 01/05/2022 31/07/2022 5. Request for other reports: • GD of Autonomous Communities and Local Coordination • Council of Transparency and Good Governance • Spanish Data Protection Agency • Technical General Secretary 01/05/2022 31/07/2022 6. Opinion of the State Council 15/09/2022 30/11/2022 7. Sending to the Committee of SS and Subsecretaries and Council of Ministers 01/12/2022 27/12/2022"

5.3
What is the problem/need that is desired to resolve with the commitment? To adapt the regulations that govern the incompatibilities and conflicts of interest of civil servants to the needs of the current Administration and the values of honesty and integrity that society demands.

Objectives of the commitment Within the Integrity Plan that establishes new standards of action of public officials, a new system of preventing conflicts of interest must be defined and establish new codes of conduct with clear, specific and defined principles. Brief description of the commitment ‐ Establishment of a system of incompatibilities of termination ‐ Extension to the advisers (eventual staff) of the regime of incompatibilities of high positions, as well as the publication of their CVs. ‐ Defining the activities exempt from the regime of incompatibilities by virtue of the provisions established in article 19.h of the Law. To more effectively regulate the conditions of compatibility with private activity

How does the commitment contribute to solve the problem or cover the need? It represents a review of the current regulations to establish the disfunctionalities detected in its application and the demands of society, establishing a new system of preventing conflicts of interest and in accordance with the current Administration.

Why is the commitment relevant with respect to the values of Open Government? It improves transparency and accountability through new demands of disclosure and control. On the other hand, it is directly related to a new system of public integrity and implementation of ethical values in the actions of staff at the service of the Public Administrations.

Additional information  Commitment budget. Initially, the commitment does not have a quantified independent budget, given that to the extent possible, the activities will be developed with the own personal means of the public actors and civil society involved, including the eventual economic costs in the current budgets of the directive centres or organisations as own actions of their functions 79

Activities of the commitment Date Start Date End Reformation of the law on disqualification of the staff at the service of the Public Administrations 1. Prior consultation phase and preparing the draft bill and impact analysis report 07/01/2021 30/03/2021 2. Submission to the council of ministers, so it can decide on the next proceedings, and particularly, the queries, opinions and reports that are appropriate (art. 26.4 Law 50/1997) 01/04/2021 30/04/2021 3. Processing of the hearing and public information 11/05/2021 11/06/2021 4. Reports from other departments and bodies: • Office of Regulatory Coordination and Quality • Report from Autonomous Communities and FEMP • GTS Ministers 11/07/2021 15/09/2021 5. Request for other reports: • GD of Autonomous Communities and Local Coordination • Spanish Data Protection Agency • Technical General Secretary 15/09/2021 30/11/2021 6. Opinion of the Council of State 10/12/2021 31/01/2022 7. Sending to the Committee of SS and Subsecretaries and Council of Ministers 28/02/2022 27/03/2022

5.4
"What is the problem/need that is desired to resolve with the commitment? - The adoption of data‐based technology is creating opportunities in our economy and in the Administration's service to the citizenry. However, any information system that the public administration is equipped with to support its decision‐making must safeguard at least the same values and standards as those that are supported today, such as transparency, responsibility, non‐discrimination, data protection and security, among others. - Although Artificial Intelligence can offer many advantages, it also has its risks. The main risks related to the use of artificial intelligence affect the application of standards designed to protect the essential rights (such as the protection of personal data and privacy, and non‐discrimination) and security, as well as the questions related to civil liability. The States should adopt mechanisms to mitigate these risks in the public and private sector. The regulatory framework should be focused on how to minimise the different risks of suffering damages, especially the most significant ones - An artificial intelligence system can make decisions or advise civil servants on how to make them. The Public Administrations should guarantee that the civil service responsible for AI systems knows those systems and receives continuous training. The result of using Artificial Intelligence techniques in public administration may lead to the disappearance of repetitive tasks that do not provide value. In exchange, civil servants can focus on the tasks where human intelligence does add value (such as supervising decisions of automated systems, auditing, traceability). We can use the term ""bot administration"" to refer to the programmes, systems and applications that allow carrying out this specific type of electronic administrative action, which will become increasingly common. - Algorithmic transparency involves the capacity to know which data are used, how they are used, who use them, what they use them for, how data‐based decisions are made that affect the vital sphere of whoever requests this type of decision‐making. We are talking about AI systems that manage massive volumes of data and make decisions as a function of what they learn. In these systems, it may extraordinarily difficult to know what the decision‐making process was. However, it is requested that any system that makes decisions supported by learning algorithms provides in some way an explanation about what the process was for making or recommending a decision. There are systems in which it is very difficult or almost impossible to find an explanation for this decision‐making process. Transparency not only affects the algorithm, but also the data that it is based on.

Objectives of the commitment - Identify the measures that we should take to maximise the benefits of data management and Artificial Intelligence (AI) for our society and economy, identify and minimise the risks. - Analyse if it is sufficiently compliance with the Spanish Laws on the Defence of Consumers or if it is necessary to adapt the national laws to facilitate the burden of proof of the victims of damages related to AI. - To train civil servants on the concepts of AI and its uses in the Public Administration - Encourage the use of reliable algorithms and open code, and methodologies of projects that include reliability Brief description of the commitment - Preparation of a Guide of Use of Artificial Intelligence for the public sector that addresses the ethical principles and includes a list of recommendations for the use of AI, a methodology to approach an artificial intelligence 81 project, and a questionnaire to evaluate a reliable AI. Pursue the adoption of this guide in the Public Administrations. - Creation of the Data and Ethics in Innovation Centre. Its function will be to offer recommendations, advise the Public Administration and the Industry to foment ethical responsibility in enabling technologies and innovation, as well as recommend the analyses of the standards to guarantee the responsible use of AI, and that it is no less than with other products. - Implementation of an AI training or informative activity for civil servants. - Encourage methodologies in the projects that include reliability from the design. The points to take into account in transparency are: - Use reliable algorithms, avoiding errors in the design of algorithms, because after all, they were created by humans. - Use reliable data samples to train AI‐based systems. - Review the results with reliable trial data - Regularly supervise the decisions

How does the commitment contribute to solve the problem or cover the need? - Governments are facing the obligation to foment industrial and scientific development, and at the same time, develop a framework that at the same time, provides legal security to researchers and business owners, foments technological development, guarantees a sustainable environment from the economic and social point of view, and is respectful of our model of rights and liberties. - The complexity introduced by some of the technologies that form part of the framework of artificial intelligence, such as robotics, automated decision‐making, automated learning and virtual assistants have opened the debate regarding legal responsibility. It ranges from including a supportive responsibility to the allocation of a legal personality to these systems. The objective will be to advise the regulators, providers and developers in responsible and reliable innovation. The Data and Ethics in Innovation Centre could also consider implementing a prototype of a voluntary system of ""ethics responsibility regarding data"". - In many cases, the value generated by a civil servant cannot be replaced by AI, which will be an ally for carrying out its functions. However, for that reason, it is necessary to train the staff of the Public Administrations. - Promoting the use of reliable algorithms will increase reliability and transparency in AI projects

Why is the commitment relevant with respect to the values of Open Government? It contributes to building a system of public integrity, strengthening the ethical values and mechanisms to bolster the integrity of the public institutions and reinforce the trust of the citizenry

Additional information Activities of the commitment Date Start Date End 1‐ Guide of use of Artificial Intelligence for the public sector. - Preparation of the Guide - Questionnaire test for the evaluation of a reliable AI - Dissemination of the Guide 01/11/2020 30/06/2024 2‐ Creation of the Data and Ethics in Innovation Centre 01/11/2020 30/06/2024 3‐ AI training or informative activity for civil servants 01/11/2020 30/06/2024 4‐ Disseminate information on the reliability and transparency of AI through the Data and Ethics in Innovation Centre. 01/11/2020 30/06/2024"


Commitments

  1. Reform laws related to transparency and access to information

    ES0044, 2020, Access to Information

  2. Transparency and Accountability Improvement and Reinforcement Plan

    ES0045, 2020, Access to Information

  3. Promote citizen participation in public affairs

    ES0046, 2020, Capacity Building

  4. Improve traceability of regulatory draft and approval processes

    ES0047, 2020, Capacity Building

  5. Public Integrity Systems

    ES0048, 2020, Anti-Corruption

  6. Establish legal whistleblower protections

    ES0049, 2020, Anti-Corruption

  7. Education and Training in Open Government

    ES0050, 2020, Capacity Building

  8. Inclusive Communication about Open Government

    ES0051, 2020, Capacity Building

  9. Observatory of Open Government

    ES0052, 2020, Access to Information

  10. Publish mandate commitments to allow for social auditing

    ES0053, 2020, E-Government

  11. Encourage citizen participation through online platform

    ES0054, 2020, Capacity Building

  12. Create citizen Monitoring Space for anti-corruption strategy

    ES0055, 2020, Anti-Corruption

  13. Publish open data to promote gender equality policies

    ES0056, 2020, Access to Information

  14. Develop regulation for evaluating public service quality

    ES0057, 2020, Legislation & Regulation

  15. Draft Institutional Integrity Framework Programme

    ES0058, 2020, Anti-Corruption

  16. Develop and monitor ICSS platform for citizen feedback and information requests

    ES0059, 2020, Access to Information

  17. Offer electronic administrative services and channels for citizen participation

    ES0060, 2020, E-Government

  18. Improve transparency and accessiblity of open government website

    ES0061, 2020, E-Government

  19. Implement open government training plan for civil servants

    ES0062, 2020, Capacity Building

  20. Publish data on Open Data Website

    ES0063, 2020, Access to Information

  21. Draft Strategic Transparency Plan

    ES0064, 2020, Capacity Building

  22. Draft citizen participation law

    ES0065, 2020, Legislation & Regulation

  23. Draft code of ethics for administration

    ES0066, 2020, Anti-Corruption

  24. Improve public access to transparency and open data websites

    ES0067, 2020, Access to Information

  25. Create catalogue of public information for transparency and open data websites

    ES0068, 2020, Access to Information

  26. Strengthen institutional integrity of Murcia region

    ES0069, 2020, Anti-Corruption

  27. Promote youth participation in designing public policies

    ES0070, 2020, E-Government

  28. Preparation and implementation of a Valencian strategy of open data

    ES0071, 2020, Access to Information

  29. Promote citizen participation in developing budgets

    ES0072, 2020, E-Government

  30. Strengthen institutional integrity in Valencia

    ES0073, 2020, Anti-Corruption

  31. Increase citizen participation in designing public services

    ES0074, 2020, Local Commitments

  32. Ensure greater accessibility in participating in public decisions

    ES0075, 2020, E-Government

  33. Improve youth participation in Aragón

    ES0076, 2020, Capacity Building

  34. Increase democratic innovation and participation through LAAAB Space

    ES0077, 2020, E-Government

  35. Improve citizen participation in drafting public policies

    ES0078, 2020, E-Government

  36. Develop transparency training course for civil servants

    ES0079, 2020, Access to Information

  37. Centralize open data catalogues through website

    ES0080, 2020, Access to Information

  38. Create Canary Islands Network of Open Government

    ES0081, 2020, Local Commitments

  39. Publish and encourage use of open data

    ES0082, 2020, Access to Information

  40. Encourage participation of children and teens in Navarra

    ES0083, 2020, Capacity Building

  41. Streamline processing of right to information requests

    ES0084, 2020, Access to Information

  42. Create citizen laboratories for improving public services

    ES0085, 2020, E-Government

  43. Implement electronic processing of conflict of interest reporting

    ES0086, 2020, Anti-Corruption

  44. Open participation channels for citizen evaluation of public services

    ES0087, 2020, Capacity Building

  45. Analyze and simplify regulations on open government

    ES0088, 2020, Local Commitments

  46. Training for civil servants on open government principles

    ES0089, 2020, Capacity Building

  47. Draft and approve law on transparency

    ES0090, 2020, Access to Information

  48. Draft and approve regulations regarding transparency and right to information

    ES0091, 2020, Access to Information

  49. Design online platform for local citizen participation

    ES0092, 2020, E-Government

  50. Design and implement public hearings for matters of general interest

    ES0093, 2020, Local Commitments

  51. Implement indicators to evaluate public policy

    ES0094, 2020, E-Government

  52. Design tools to improve transparency website

    ES0095, 2020, Capacity Building

  53. Ensure clear and transparent communication to citizens

    ES0096, 2020, Capacity Building

  54. Create online catalogue of public information

    ES0097, 2020, E-Government

  55. Draft and approve law on transparency and right to information

    ES0098, 2020, Access to Information

  56. Publish all information related to drafting regulations

    ES0099, 2020, E-Government

  57. Update design of transparency website

    ES0100, 2020, E-Government

  58. Approve regulation related to transparency and open government

    ES0101, 2020, Legislation & Regulation

  59. Training for civil servants on open government principles

    ES0102, 2020, Capacity Building

  60. Raise awareness among civil society on participating in transparency efforts

    ES0103, 2020, Local Commitments

  61. Promote commitment of youth in citizen participation

    ES0104, 2020, Fiscal Openness

  62. Create plan to strengthen the Network of Local Entities in Transparency and Participation

    ES0105, 2020, Anti-Corruption

  63. Creation of an Open Government Forum

    ES0024, 2017, Public Participation

  64. Sectoral Commision on Open Government

    ES0025, 2017, Capacity Building

  65. Local Authorities for Transparency and Citizen Participation

    ES0026, 2017, Access to Information

  66. Open Government Initiatives Abroad

    ES0027, 2017, Anti-Corruption

  67. Participatory Web Space on Open Government

    ES0028, 2017, Capacity Building

  68. Observatory on Participation

    ES0029, 2017, Capacity Building

  69. Participatory Budgeting

    ES0030, 2017, E-Government

  70. Young People in Public Policies

    ES0031, 2017, Capacity Building

  71. Transparency Portal and the Right of Access

    ES0032, 2017, Access to Information

  72. Information Disclosure Program and Its Reuse

    ES0033, 2017, Access to Information

  73. Citizen’S Folder

    ES0034, 2017, E-Government

  74. ARCHIVE System

    ES0035, 2017, Access to Information

  75. Regulations for the Transparency Law

    ES0036, 2017, Access to Information

  76. Expand Economic-Financial Center

    ES0037, 2017, Access to Information

  77. Coordination of the Cadastre and the Land Registry

    ES0038, 2017, Capacity Building

  78. Information on Gender-Based Violence

    ES0039, 2017, Gender

  79. Training of Public Employees

    ES0040, 2017, Capacity Building

  80. Awareness-Raising and Training of Civil Society

    ES0041, 2017, Capacity Building

  81. Education in Open Government

    ES0042, 2017, Capacity Building

  82. Open Justice in Spain

    ES0043, 2017, Access to Information

  83. Transparency Portal

    ES0014, 2014, Access to Information

  84. Spanish Archives Portal, PARES

    ES0015, 2014, E-Government

  85. Open Education Resources

    ES0016, 2014, Education

  86. Accessibility of National Health System Microdata

    ES0017, 2014, Access to Information

  87. Access to and Re-Use of Geographic Information

    ES0018, 2014, Public Participation

  88. Programmes on Opening up Information and Its Re-Use in the Public Sector

    ES0019, 2014, Access to Information

  89. Portal of the Administration of Justice

    ES0020, 2014, Access to Information

  90. Starred commitment Greater Control and Transparency in Public Grants

    ES0021, 2014, Civic Space

  91. Creation of the Spanish Council on Drug Dependence

    ES0022, 2014, Health

  92. Increased Participation of Sector Stakeholders in Defining the Goals of the National Maritime Rescue Plans.

    ES0023, 2014, Environment and Climate

  93. Starred commitment Law on Transparency, Access to Public Information and Good Governance

    ES0001, 2012, Access to Information

  94. Starred commitment Transparency and Accountability in the Official Development Assistance

    ES0002, 2012, Aid

  95. Law of Budgetary Stability and Financial Sustainability

    ES0003, 2012, Fiscal Openness

  96. Law Reform Grants

    ES0004, 2012, Civic Space

  97. E-Justice

    ES0005, 2012, E-Government

  98. Promotion of Social Networks to Facilitate Citizen Participation

    ES0006, 2012, E-Government

  99. Publication of Statistical Data on Crime

    ES0007, 2012, E-Government

  100. Review and Regulatory Simplification

    ES0008, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  101. Starred commitment E-Health

    ES0009, 2012, Health

  102. RED System

    ES0010, 2012, E-Government

  103. Streamlining Environmental Assessment Procedures

    ES0011, 2012, Anti-Corruption

  104. Streamlining Procedures for Business Creation

    ES0012, 2012, E-Government

  105. Reduction of Administrative Burdens for Farmers and Ranchers

    ES0013, 2012, Local Commitments

Open Government Partnership