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United Kingdom

Sustainable Open Government (UK0096)



Action Plan: United Kingdom Action Plan 2019-2021

Action Plan Cycle: 2019

Status: Active


Lead Institution: Scottish Government, in partnership with the Convention of Scottish Local Authorities and OGP Scotland Network

Support Institution(s): Other actors involved - government Representatives of all spheres of government in Devolved Administrations Other actors involved - CSOs, private sector, working groups, multilaterals, etc OGP Europe support unit, OGP Civil Society networks

Policy Areas

Capacity Building, Public Participation, Public Service Delivery, Subnational

IRM Review

IRM Report: Pending IRM Review

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Pending IRM Review

Relevant to OGP Values: Pending IRM Review

Potential Impact: Pending IRM Review

Implementation i

Completion: Pending IRM Review


Scotland will lead a programme of discussions over the next two years to
identify how best to support the spread of Open Government policy and
practice across public services.
The work plan for the two years and the groups taking it forward will be
determined at an initial meeting of representatives from all spheres of
government, civil society, citizens, and experts from across the UK in the spring
of 2019.
The aim will be to build upon the collaborative work already carried out across
all jurisdictions; establish a process to share learning across the UK; to establish
effective, effective ways to lead and spread Open Government - through
collaborative dialogue between governments, civil society and experts.
It will have a number of working groups to develop options for the models of
leadership and guidance which can support Open Government becoming the
way of working across public services. It will consider to what degree that this
spread is dependent upon access to the benefits of direct membership of OGP.
The working groups may consider what mechanisms could support:
● improved collaborative working within and across the spheres of
government, so that open government practices in transparency,
accountability and participation are spread through public services
● the role of civil society to ensure there is a system which is sustainable,
empowering, effective and recognises the roles of a vibrant civil society
● raising the profile of open government with citizens
● the relationship with OGP so we can all reap the benefits of international
shared learning more equitably and effectively
It is proposed that this work will draw on the expertise from OGP and from the
participating jurisdictions and support the priorities in each place. It could
operate by meetings and remote discussions, with each group coming together
at least four times over the next 2 years.
In addition, it is proposed that the output from the working groups comes
together to a high level learning event in late spring 2020. This will be aimed at
ensuring senior political (where possible), administrative, and civil society
buy-in to support open government activity for the next National Action Plan

What is the public problem that the commitment will address?
The global public problem we are addressing is the growing lack of trust in
governments, processes and power. The Open Government Partnership
(OGP)’s potential contribution to democratic renewal, at home and across the
world is much greater if all aspects of governance are supported to become
more participative, transparent and accountable.
The OGP has reviewed the first cycle of Open Government subnational/local
members of the ‘Pioneers’ programme, review report available in the papers
for the International Steering Group. The review recognised the energy,
innovation and new political leadership the Pioneers (including Scotland)
brought from all levels of government. It also acknowledged that commitments
owned by administrations delivering services are more likely to deliver direct
improvement in people’s lives.
The report also acknowledged that it would be difficult for OGP to quickly
expand as an organisation. The questions this raises resonate with the work
Scotland led in the previous UK NAP 3. We recognised that if Open
Government is to reach right through the system of public services it needs
collaborative – not hierarchical - leadership; requires a learning environment,
clear direction and support as well as an active civil society, able to engage
and challenge governments at every level.
Further work will be undertaken by the OGP Global team during 2019 to
identify the best way(s) to spread open practices and government-civil society
engagement in all spheres of government. This commitment aims to support
that work by considering the options to expand open government practices
throughout public services across the UK.
The changing nature of democracy and varying levels of devolution in the
United Kingdom make it an ideal testing ground for beginning to develop a
robust framework for effective open government. The desired output would be
one which enables OGP Action Plans to be developed in the places and at the
right level that is most effective for the people they serve. This work could be
supported collaboratively, within and across jurisdictions, with governments
and civil society. The effective sharing of learning can help us all to tackle each
jurisdiction’s most significant issues in ways which will support the delivery of
the Sustainable Development Goals by 2030.

How will the commitment contribute to solve the public problem?
This commitment will provide the space for deliberation and discussion
through specific working groups and summit discussions. This structure will
offer the opportunity for all actors who chose to take part – be they political,
official, civil society or public – to bring their expertise together, and propose
options which support the spread of open government effectively.
For NAP3; Scotland led work to bring together a group of leaders from national
governments in the UK and civil society as well as representatives of Local
Authorities in Scotland to consider the process of shared learning on open
government. The discussion was chaired by the Scottish Minister for
Parliamentary Business, Joe FitzPatrick, and facilitated by the Head of Open
Government at the OECD, Alessandro Bellantoni. This commitment will build
on the enthusiasm at that meeting for improving how we share good practice
across the UK. Scotland will lead a programme of discussions over the coming
two years to identify how best to support the spread of Open Government
policy and practice across public services.

Lead implementing organisation
Scottish Government, in partnership with the Convention of Scottish Local
Authorities and OGP Scotland Network

Spring 2019 - Summer 2021

OGP values
Public Accountability, Civic participation

Other actors involved - government
Representatives of all spheres of government in Devolved Administrations
Other actors involved - CSOs, private sector, working groups, multilaterals, etc
OGP Europe support unit, OGP Civil Society networks

Verifiable and measurable milestones to fulfil the
Hold working level discussions across the 4 nations to
plan the programme of work-streams and outputs

Hold a workshop for each of the work streams to
develop their thinking

Hold High level working group with representatives
from each of the work-streams, OGP Support Unit and
to include political leaders. To discuss and agree
options for future sharing of learning across UK

Final meeting of working level group to put into action
the outputs from the work-streams and the high-level


  1. Grants Data

    UK0090, 2019, Access to Information

  2. Public Participation

    UK0091, 2019, Access to Information

  3. Open Policy Making

    UK0092, 2019, Open Regulations

  4. Open Contracting Data

    UK0093, 2019, Access to Information

  5. Natural Resource Transparency

    UK0094, 2019, Access to Information

  6. Innovation in Democracy Programme

    UK0095, 2019, Open Regulations

  7. Sustainable Open Government

    UK0096, 2019, Capacity Building

  8. Local Transparency

    UK0097, 2019, Access to Information

  9. Beneficial Ownership – UK

    UK0063, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  10. Natural Resource Transparency

    UK0064, 2016, Access to Information

  11. Anti-Corruption Strategy

    UK0065, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  12. Anti-Corruption Innovation Hub

    UK0066, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  13. Open Contracting

    UK0067, 2016, Access to Information

  14. Grants Data

    UK0068, 2016, Access to Information

  15. Elections Data

    UK0069, 2016, Access to Information

  16. Revising Freedom of Information Act Code of Practice

    UK0070, 2016, Access to Information

  17. Identifying and Publishing Core Data Assets

    UK0071, 2016, Access to Information

  18. Involving Data Users in Shaping the Future of Open Data

    UK0072, 2016, Access to Information

  19. Better Use of Data Assets

    UK0073, 2016, Access to Information

  20. GOV.UK

    UK0074, 2016, Access to Information

  21. Ongoing Collaborative Approach to Open Government Reform

    UK0075, 2016, E-Government

  22. Open Government at All Levels

    UK0076, 2016, Public Participation

  23. Open Policy-Making and Public Engagement

    UK0077, 2016, Capacity Building

  24. Public Sector Innovation

    UK0078, 2016, Access to Information

  25. OCDS Implementation

    UK0079, 2016, Access to Information

  26. Open-Up Government

    UK0080, 2016, Access to Information

  27. Open Data Plan

    UK0081, 2016, Access to Information

  28. Open Data Service

    UK0082, 2016, Access to Information

  29. Statswales

    UK0083, 2016, Access to Information

  30. Data Research Centre Wales

    UK0084, 2016, E-Government

  31. Government Social Research Publication Protocol

    UK0085, 2016, E-Government

  32. Gov.Wales

    UK0086, 2016, E-Government

  33. Code of Practice in Supply Chains

    UK0087, 2016, Labor

  34. Starred commitment National Indicators for Wales

    UK0088, 2016, Fiscal Openness

  35. Starred commitment Well-Being Duty

    UK0089, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  36. National Information Infrastructure

    UK0042, 2013,

  37. NHS England Website and Network

    UK0043, 2013, Health

  38. Revised Local Authories Data Transparency Code

    UK0044, 2013, Capacity Building

  39. Transparent Social Investment Market

    UK0045, 2013, Access to Information

  40. Manage and Capture Digital Records

    UK0046, 2013, Capacity Building

  41. Starred commitment Cross-Government Anti-Corruption Plan

    UK0047, 2013, Anti-Corruption

  42. Starred commitment Company Beneficial Ownership Information

    UK0048, 2013, Anti-Corruption

  43. Access to Police Records

    UK0049, 2013, Justice

  44. Transparency in Construction

    UK0050, 2013, Infrastructure & Transport

  45. Legislative Openness

    UK0051, 2013, Anti-Corruption

  46. Whistleblowing

    UK0052, 2013, Anti-Corruption

  47. Open Contracting

    UK0053, 2013, Anti-Corruption

  48. Open Contracting Scotland

    UK0054, 2013, Anti-Corruption

  49. Starred commitment International Aid Transparency

    UK0055, 2013, Access to Information

  50. Health Care Data

    UK0056, 2013, Access to Information

  51. Open Policy Making

    UK0057, 2013, E-Government

  52. Sciencewise

    UK0058, 2013, E-Government

  53. Publication of Draft Legislation

    UK0059, 2013, Legislative

  54. OpenDataCommunities Programme

    UK0060, 2013, Access to Information

  55. PSI Re-Use Directive

    UK0061, 2013, Access to Information

  56. Starred commitment Extractive Transparency

    UK0062, 2013, Access to Information

  57. Ensuring a Clear Process to Support Reduction in Collection of ‘Unnecessary Data’

    UK0024, 2011, E-Government

  58. Developing Data.Gov.Uk and Identifying Other Digital Channels to Support Users

    UK0025, 2011,

  59. Evidence and Databases Behind Policy Statements

    UK0026, 2011, E-Government

  60. Data Underlying Surveys

    UK0027, 2011, E-Government

  61. Examining Ways for Improving the Use of Existing Published Data

    UK0028, 2011, E-Government

  62. Stimulate the Market for Innovative Use of Open Data

    UK0029, 2011, Access to Information

  63. Spend up to 5% of Budget Support on Accountability

    UK0030, 2011, E-Government

  64. Include the OGP Eligibility Criteria to Determine Readiness for UK Budget Support

    UK0031, 2011, Aid

  65. Publish Aid Information from All ODA Government Departments

    UK0032, 2011, Aid

  66. Use a Single Domain for Government Services

    UK0033, 2011, E-Government

  67. Mandate ‘Channel Shift’

    UK0034, 2011, E-Government

  68. Go Online for All Consultations

    UK0035, 2011, E-Government

  69. Develop Practical Guidelines on Departmental Access to Internet and Social Media

    UK0036, 2011, Civic Space

  70. Open Data and Application Interfaces in Ways That Encourage Businesses

    UK0037, 2011, Access to Information

  71. Create Cross-Government Standards on APIs

    UK0038, 2011,

  72. Establish Standardised Formats for User-Satisfaction Data

    UK0039, 2011,

  73. Provide Government Documents in Open Standard Format

    UK0040, 2011, Access to Information

  74. Implement Crowd-Sourcing and Engagement Processes

    UK0041, 2011,

  75. New Power to Secure Release of Valuable Datasets

    UK0001, 2011,

  76. New, Higher Cost Cap for FOI

    UK0002, 2011, Access to Information

  77. Meaningful Disincentives

    UK0003, 2011,

  78. Maximum Time Limits

    UK0004, 2011, Access to Information

  79. Altered Procurement Rules

    UK0005, 2011,

  80. Mandating Phased Introduction of ‘Public by Default’

    UK0006, 2011, E-Government

  81. Formalising Public Data Principles

    UK0007, 2011,

  82. Having in Place an Open Data Compliance Monitoring Process

    UK0008, 2011,

  83. Making Clear the Minimum Citizens Can Expect on Publication and Quality of Data

    UK0009, 2011,

  84. Ensuring a Line of Continuous Improvement for Public Service Providers

    UK0010, 2011, Access to Information

  85. Encourage Continuous Improvement

    UK0011, 2011,

  86. Setting Out How Citizens Can Challenge Where There Is Failure in the Process

    UK0012, 2011, Public Participation

  87. Establishing an Obligation to Consider and Act on User Feedback

    UK0013, 2011, Public Participation

  88. Making Clear That Licenses Must Cover Free, Commercial Re-Use

    UK0014, 2011,

  89. Merge Information Asset Registers…Into a Single Data Inventory

    UK0015, 2011,

  90. Set Consistent Expectations of the Appropriate Quality of Meta-Data

    UK0016, 2011, Records Management

  91. For Data Co-Ordinated Across Government, Set Definitions

    UK0017, 2011, E-Government

  92. Introducing Corporate Responsibility at Transparency Board Level

    UK0018, 2011,

  93. Strengthening and Broadening the Public Sector Transparency Board

    UK0019, 2011, Anti-Corruption

  94. Bringing the Sector Transparency Board Model to Other Parts of Public Sector

    UK0020, 2011, Anti-Corruption

  95. Reviewing the Existing Governance and Regulatory Model

    UK0021, 2011,

  96. Establishing a Framework for Public Service Providers Data Inventories

    UK0022, 2011, Records Management

  97. Developing a Clear Methodology to Support Intelligent Inventories

    UK0023, 2011,

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