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Open Contracting and Procurement

Open contracting and transparency in public procurement have proven to save money and broaden competition. It is becoming a global norm in OGP, with over 70 members committing to reforms on the issue.

Overview

The financial and human cost of corruption in public contracting is significant. According to the UN, corruption reduces the value of a public contract by 10 to 25 percent. 

OGP helps governments adopt open contracting policies focused on disclosure, participation and oversight throughout the entire procurement chain. The combination of these activities helps governments save money, fight corruption and expand the number of participating businesses, particularly small and women-owned business. In OGP, over 70 members have open contracting commitments. 

OGP is working with key strategic partners to push open contracting  beyond transparency by working politically, better shaping incentives, pushing for more sustained use and quality of the data, and bringing in new allies like journalists and business. OGP members (national and local) have been piloting sector specific application of open contracting reforms, such as in the health, infrastructure, extractive sectors as well as opportunities to open up procurement markets to women, youth, persons with disabilities and other under-represented communities.  

Open contracting is essential to stopping corruption, improving government efficiency and value for money, and promoting fair competition.



Recommendations

  • Collect higher-quality contracting data that is timely, complete and in a machine-readable format. France requires municipalities to provide free access to data regarding public contracts.
  • Train people on how to utilize contracting data for impact and include citizen feedback loops. Ukraine launched DoZorro, a public procurement monitoring platform that enables citizens to submit feedback, including alerts of possible irregularities and violations. More than 700,000 users have flagged nearly 74,000 concerns, of which 20,000 were found to relate to actual violations.
  • Collect and share gender-disaggregated data on procurement bids, and look for opportunities to expand the public procurement market to women-owned suppliers who currently receive less than 1% of public contracts globally.   Elgeyo Marakwet, Kenya is expanding procurement opportunities for youth, women, and people with disabilities, and it publishes data on the gender of government contractees.
  • Engage with stakeholders in health, infrastructure, extractive and other sectors. Honduras and Malawi are using the Construction Sector Transparency Initiative (CoST) standards, with the Honduran government disclosing data on nearly 1,000 projects, and Malawi creating accessible channels to collect citizen feedback.

OGP Global Report Data

The data below is drawn from the 2019 OGP Global Report. You can view and learn more about the report here.

These are members making OGP commitments to improve their performance in the respective policy area. As members that have demonstrated political commitment through OGP, the next step is ensuring that implemented commitments have maximal impact.

Key
Indicates that member has a starred commitment in this policy area.


Commitments

  1. streamline public procurement

    NO0059, 2019, E-Government

  2. Open Data on Public Procurement in BiH

    BA0001, 2019, E-Government

  3. Inclusion in Court Contracting

    AUS0007, 2019, Infrastructure & Transport

  4. Open Contracting Data

    UK0093, 2019, E-Government

  5. Corruption Prevention

    IT0063, 2019, E-Government

  6. Open Contracting

    PAR0008, 2019, E-Government

  7. public procurement improvements

    GE0078, 2018, E-Government

  8. Public Access to Central Register of the Republic of Macedonia

    MK0122, 2018, Beneficial Ownership

  9. Publishing procurement information

    MK0127, 2018, E-Government

  10. Financial transparency and accountability

    CA0065, 2018, E-Government

  11. Electronic catalogs and public purchase platform

    HN0066, 2018, Audits and Controls

  12. Transparencia en la gestión de residuos de la Ciudad de Madrid y creación de una plataforma de información de residuos de Madrid

    MAD0009, 2018, Capacity Building

  13. Transparent public procurement

    ELG0005, 2018, Capacity Building

  14. transparency in public procurement

    PT0008, 2018, E-Government

  15. Implementación del Estándar Internacional de Datos de Contratación Abierta -OCDS (Open Contracting Data Standard)

    CL0062, 2018, E-Government

  16. Open contracting

    NL0034, 2018, Open Contracting and Procurement

  17. open contracting in hydrocarbons

    TN0042, 2018, Capacity Building

  18. Open contracting data standards

    KAD0002, 2018, E-Government

  19. Fiscal Data

    PNG0006, 2018, Audits and Controls

  20. Open Procurement

    NZ0023, 2018, E-Government

  21. Transparency in Public Procurement

    COT0003, 2018, Capacity Building

  22. Open Contracting

    KE0019, 2018, Capacity Building

  23. national investment fund transparency

    RO0057, 2018, E-Government

  24. Transparency of Public Procurement

    FR0031, 2018, E-Government

  25. public procurement transparency

    KG0009, 2018, Audits and Controls

  26. Government Procurement Transparency

    ID0103, 2018, Capacity Building

  27. Government grant transparency

    AM0036, 2018, Fiscal Transparency

  28. Precios referenciales

    PY0041, 2018, E-Government

  29. Fight Against Corruption

    SAO0010, 2018, E-Government

  30. Financial and performance transparency

    SCO0006, 2018, Fiscal Transparency

  31. TRANSPARENCY AND ACCOUNTABILITY IN PUBLIC INFRASTRUCTURE

    SEK0006, 2018, E-Government

  32. Infrastructure data portal

    UA0070, 2018, E-Government

  33. Transparency in public procurement (Prozorro)

    UA0073, 2018, E-Government

  34. Expand open contracting

    AU0023, 2018, E-Government

  35. budget transparency and public procurement

    MD0070, 2018, E-Government

  36. Acciones para seguir avanzando en la adopción de estándares internacionales de transparencia fiscal, compras y contrataciones.

    GT0106, 2018, Capacity Building

  37. IMPLEMENTACIÓN DE LOS ESTÁNDARES DE CONTRATACIONES ABIERTAS AL SISTEMA INTEGRADO DE COMPRAS PÚBLICAS (SICOP)

    CR0052, 2017, Open Contracting and Procurement

  38. Implementing open contracting

    AF0012, 2017, E-Government

  39. Accountability and Value for Money through Open Contracting

    LR0034, 2017, E-Government

  40. Enhanced Open Procurement Contract Data

    BOJ0004, 2017, Fiscal Transparency

  41. Developing a new transparency portal for Madrid City Council

    MAD0002, 2017, Asset Disclosure

  42. propose changes to Central Register of Contracts regulation

    SK0080, 2017, Legislation & Regulation

  43. Create space for the publication of local self-government (municipality) contracts in a single central repository.

    SK0081, 2017, Open Contracting and Procurement

  44. Improve the transparency & accountability of public projects in priority sectors, by publishing project contracting and implementation information

    ELG0003, 2017, Capacity Building

  45. Open Contracting and Contract Monitoring

    GH0020, 2017, Infrastructure & Transport

  46. Beneficial Ownership

    GH0022, 2017, Beneficial Ownership

  47. Starred commitment Plataforma para publicación de contrataciones del gobierno de jalisco.

    JAL0007, 2017, E-Government

  48. Implementación del Estándar de Datos para las Contrataciones Abiertas(EDCA)

    AR0043, 2017, E-Government

  49. Profundización en la apertura y transparencia de la información vinculada a las compras y contrataciones de PAMI

    AR0047, 2017, Fiscal Transparency

  50. Prevención de conflictos de intereses en las contrataciones públicas del Estado

    PA0029, 2017, Conflicts of Interest

  51. Publishing state procurement data to citizens

    FI0027, 2017, E-Government

  52. Open Contracting

    NG0002, 2017, Capacity Building

  53. Extractive Sector Transparency

    NG0003, 2017, Beneficial Ownership

  54. Financial transparency

    SCO0001, 2017, E-Government

  55. Articulación de una red de actores que participen en el seguimiento, difusión y retroalimentación de los procesos de contratación

    CO0080, 2017, E-Government

  56. open public procurement

    LV0036, 2017, E-Government

  57. Electronic innovations for more transparency and efficiency of Public Procurement

    GE0056, 2016, Capacity Building

  58. Adopción del Estándar Open Contracting

    UY0091, 2016, Capacity Building

  59. Audit Report

    SL0016, 2016, Audits and Controls

  60. Make government procurement process transparent

    MN0031, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  61. Transparent and Accountable Procurement System for Local Authorities in Sri Lanka

    LK0010, 2016, Capacity Building

  62. Local Authority Procurement System Implementation

    LK0011, 2016, Legislation & Regulation

  63. Creating a legal obligation for the contracting authorities for mandatory publication of information regarding the public procurement contracts on their websites

    MK0101, 2016, Fiscal Transparency

  64. Open Public Procurement Contracting

    SL0021, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  65. Publish Communications to the Council of Ministers on contracting process on a quarterly basis

    CI0005, 2016, E-Government

  66. Ensuring financial transparency

    AZ0043, 2016, Capacity Building

  67. Introduction of a publicly accessible register of concession contracts

    MK0104, 2016, E-Government

  68. Beneficial ownership – UK

    UK0063, 2016, Beneficial Ownership

  69. Enhance Openness of Information on Government Spending and Procurement

    CA0050, 2016, Capacity Building

  70. Open contracting

    UK0067, 2016, E-Government

  71. Transparencia en el Servicio Civil

    HN0049, 2016, Open Contracting and Procurement

  72. Revising Freedom of Information Act Code of Practice

    UK0070, 2016, Open Contracting and Procurement

  73. Compras abiertas.

    HN0052, 2016, E-Government

  74. Monitoreo sector salud

    HN0054, 2016, E-Government

  75. Consip Tenders’ Dashboard

    IT0033, 2016, Capacity Building

  76. OCDS Implementation

    UK0079, 2016, E-Government

  77. OpenCoesione Plus

    IT0042, 2016, Aid

  78. Code of Practice in Supply Chains

    UK0087, 2016, Labor

  79. Commitment to Open Standards for Contracting

    AL0051, 2016, E-Government

  80. Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative (EITI)

    MW0005, 2016, Extractive Industries

  81. Datos Abiertos y Compras Públicas

    CL0040, 2016, Audits and Controls

  82. Modernización y transparencia de los sistemas de contratación y control de gestión de Obras Públicas

    CL0044, 2016, E-Government

  83. Detailed open spending data

    NL0023, 2016, Fiscal Transparency

  84. Open Education

    GR0050, 2016, Capacity Building

  85. Open Budgeting

    ZA0017, 2016, Capacity Building

  86. Procurement Disclosure in Bandung

    ID0075, 2016, E-Government

  87. Enhancing preventive and punitive mechanisms in the fight against corruption and unethical practices

    KE0011, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  88. Open Contracting

    RO0046, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  89. Starred commitment Ensure greater transparency around bids and contracts

    KE0014, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  90. Increasing the quality and quantity of published open data

    RO0047, 2016, Capacity Building

  91. Create transparent public procurement process, public oversight of expenditure and ensure value-for-money towards citizen priorities

    KE0015, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  92. Principios de Gobierno Abierto

    PY0026, 2016, E-Government

  93. Canales de monitoreo ciudadano de obras y servicios públicos.

    PY0027, 2016, E-Government

  94. Mecanismos de rendición de cuentas

    PY0028, 2016, E-Government

  95. Accountability for Grants of the Government

    AM0028, 2016, E-Government

  96. Centralized Public Procurement System

    BG0050, 2016, E-Government

  97. Publicación procesos adquisiciones Públicas Municipales

    DO0038, 2016, Capacity Building

  98. System for Entities Performing Government Functions

    UA0059, 2016, Capacity Building

  99. CoST Beneficial Ownership Standards

    UA0062, 2016, E-Government

  100. Starred commitment Open Public Procurement

    UA0064, 2016, Capacity Building

  101. Open Contracting

    AU0013, 2016, Capacity Building

  102. Public register for e-government projects

    BG0066, 2016, E-Government

  103. Increase public procurement transparency

    MD0061, 2016, E-Government

  104. Beneficial ownership disclosure in public contracts

    BG0070, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  105. Increase knowledge of public procurement process

    MD0062, 2016, Capacity Building

  106. ACCIONES PARA AVANZAR HACIA UN RÉGIMEN DE CONTRATACIONES ABIERTAS

    GT0081, 2016, Capacity Building

  107. Improve Transparency of Government Service Providers

    IE0041, 2016, Fiscal Transparency

  108. Contracting between the government and private sector

    IL0016, 2015, Open Contracting and Procurement

  109. Portal del Sistema Electrónico de Adquisiciones del Estado

    PE0053, 2015, E-Government

  110. Vigilancia social del Programa Nacional de Alimentación Escolar

    PE0057, 2015, Audits and Controls

  111. Starred commitment Open Contracting

    GH0014, 2015, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  112. Analyze procurement process for education resources

    SK0033, 2015, E-Government

  113. Textbook procurement process

    SK0034, 2015, E-Government

  114. Pilot procurement process

    SK0035, 2015, E-Government

  115. Estudio sobre la normativa de contrataciones públicas

    PA0011, 2015, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  116. Starred commitment Increase Transparency in Public Procurement

    FR0004, 2015, Open Contracting and Procurement

  117. Más transparencia en la contratación pública

    CO0032, 2015, Capacity Building

  118. Open Contracting

    US0099, 2015, Capacity Building

  119. Antioquia Transparente

    CO0041, 2015, Audits and Controls

  120. Mejor gestión territorial

    CO0047, 2015, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  121. Mapa Social

    CO0048, 2015, E-Government

  122. Política de apertura de datos

    CR0024, 2015, Capacity Building

  123. Procesos transparentes de gestión de proyectos de infraestructura

    CR0036, 2015, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  124. Observatorio de compras públicas

    SV0061, 2014, Open Contracting and Procurement

  125. Publicación del abastecimiento de medicamentos

    SV0062, 2014, Health

  126. Open Contracting

    CA0037, 2014, Open Contracting and Procurement

  127. Planificación, eficiencia y transparencia en las compras públicas

    HN0040, 2014, Open Contracting and Procurement

  128. Open provision of Public Sector critical data sets

    GR0020, 2014, E-Government

  129. Use of the data extracted from the application dedicated to budget management (ADEB) in public sector

    TN0015, 2014, E-Government

  130. publication of reports related to attribution and execution of public procurement and audit results

    TN0016, 2014, Audits and Controls

  131. publication of recommandations included in audit reports of public procurement

    TN0017, 2014, Audits and Controls

  132. Accelerate Open and Good Governance Practices in Goods and Services Procurement

    ID0034, 2014, Open Contracting and Procurement

  133. Accelerate Open and Good Governance Practices in Natural Resources Management

    ID0039, 2014, Environment and Climate

  134. OPENING DATA COLLECTED FROM THE NATIONAL HEALTH SYSTEM

    RO0023, 2014, Health

  135. OPEN CONTRACTING

    RO0025, 2014, Open Contracting and Procurement

  136. Erradicación Progresiva del Secretismo en las Adjudicaciones de bienes, servicios y obras públicas.

    GT0018, 2014, Open Contracting and Procurement

  137. Online broadcasting of the State Procurement Appeals Board sessions

    AM0020, 2014, E-Government

  138. Creación de un Sistema de Trámites Jurídicos Electrónicos en Contrataciones Públicas de Acceso Público.

    PY0024, 2014, E-Government

  139. Public Procurement Controls

    BG0038, 2014, Audits and Controls

  140. Introducing e-procurement

    BG0039, 2014, E-Government

  141. Portal Transaccional de Compras y Contrataciones Públicas

    DO0027, 2014, E-Government

  142. Estandarizar las bases para eventos de adquisiciones del Estado

    GT0049, 2014, Capacity Building

  143. Law on streamlining payment of administrative fees

    UA0046, 2014, E-Government

  144. Regular y transparentar las compras directas y los casos de excepción para adquisiciones del Estado

    GT0050, 2014, Capacity Building

  145. Fortalecimiento en la generación de precios de referencia para las adquisiciones en la modalidad de contrato abierto

    GT0051, 2014, Open Contracting and Procurement

  146. Fortalecimiento de las unidades o dependencias responsables de realizar la planificación de adquisiciones públicas

    GT0052, 2014, Capacity Building

  147. Observatorio de Compras públicas

    UY0039, 2014, E-Government

  148. Starred commitment Registro único de proveedores del Estado

    UY0040, 2014, E-Government

  149. Transparent Public Procurement Procedures

    RS0003, 2014, Open Contracting and Procurement

  150. Electronic system of procurement

    GE0030, 2014, E-Government

  151. Starred commitment Launch ―Transparent account systemǁ in order to enable consistent, transparent reporting to the public and to provide comprehensive information on budget revenue collection, income and expenditure details, as well as public procurement and investments.

    MN0003, 2014, Fiscal Transparency

  152. Starred commitment Public procurement

    MK0073, 2014, Open Contracting and Procurement

  153. Disclose budget funded procurement contracts above 80.0 million MNT.

    MN0008, 2014, Open Contracting and Procurement

  154. Open Contracting

    UK0053, 2013, Open Contracting and Procurement

  155. Open Contracting Scotland

    UK0054, 2013, E-Government

  156. Improving the searchability of public procurement data

    HU0002, 2013, Open Contracting and Procurement

  157. Improvement of the publicity of contracts concluded for the utilisation of public property and with the use of public funds

    HU0003, 2013, E-Government

  158. Enhance the government procurement system

    PH0024, 2013, E-Government

  159. Disclosure of data from the execution of the Union budget and from Government purchases

    BR0048, 2013, Fiscal Transparency

  160. Sistema electrónico de Contrataciones Públicas

    AR0004, 2013, E-Government

  161. Creación de un portal de Datos Públicos

    AR0007, 2013, E-Government

  162. Development of a Database of the Federal Public Administration Purchases Prices

    BR0057, 2013, E-Government

  163. Designate categories of government information for active access

    NL0017, 2013, Capacity Building

  164. Expansion of the database of the National Debarment List (CEIS):

    BR0079, 2013, Open Contracting and Procurement

  165. Compras Abiertas:

    MX0044, 2013, Open Contracting and Procurement

  166. Compras inteligentes:

    MX0045, 2013, Open Contracting and Procurement

  167. Implementar un sistema único de compra púbica en el Estado

    CR0022, 2013, E-Government

  168. Extractive Industries Transparency

    LR0003, 2013, Audits and Controls

  169. Improve Transparency, Competition, and Controls over State Purchases: implement framework agreements and corporate purchasing

    HN0011, 2012, Open Contracting and Procurement

  170. Sistema información adquisiciones públicas

    PE0034, 2012, Open Contracting and Procurement

  171. Improve Transparency, Competition, and Controls over State Purchases: Publicar los Planes Anuales de Compras y Contrataciones de las Instituciones con conexión a SIAFI

    HN0012, 2012, Open Contracting and Procurement

  172. Improve Transparency, Competition, and Controls over State Purchases: Update the registry for providers and contractors

    HN0013, 2012, Open Contracting and Procurement

  173. EU Funds and Subsidies Monitoring – Prepare Tender for Web Application

    SK0009, 2012, Open Contracting and Procurement

  174. e-Concessions procedures

    AL0016, 2012, E-Government

  175. Starred commitment Improving Access to Information on Expending Public Resources and Contents of Relevant Registers: Implementation of acts on political activity and campaign financing

    HR0006, 2012, Civic Space

  176. e-Procurement system for all small purchases of public procurement

    AL0029, 2012, E-Government

  177. Procurement corruption: Help desk

    ME0038, 2012, Open Contracting and Procurement

  178. Procurement corruption: Regulation and awareness-raising

    ME0039, 2012, Open Contracting and Procurement

  179. Establishing central public procurement bodies

    ME0040, 2012, Open Contracting and Procurement

  180. Electronic public procurement system

    ME0041, 2012, E-Government

  181. Interactive guidelines and training in implementation of the Good Practice of Public Engagement

    EE0006, 2012, Open Contracting and Procurement

  182. Procurement

    MT0006, 2012, Open Contracting and Procurement

  183. Reaching the Open Data Standards : Creation of an open data infrastructure in the public procurement sector

    CZ0004, 2012, Open Contracting and Procurement

  184. Operate central e-procurement information system

    GR0003, 2012, E-Government

  185. Publicise Public Sector procurement information

    GR0010, 2012, E-Government

  186. National Procurement Systems self assessment

    JO0025, 2012, Open Contracting and Procurement

  187. Unified procurement bylaw

    JO0026, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  188. The Public Procurement Electronic System (SEAP). The Electronic Allocation System for Transports (SAET)/B.1 c) Expanding the on-line submission of fiscal forms. Ensuring the free on-line access to national legislation. Developing electronic tools to manage subpoenas and facilitate access toinformation regarding legal proceedings. Developing electronic tools to manage the procedures related to obtaining the Romanian citizenship. Developing electronic tools to manage the procedures related to the creation of non-profit legal persons. The Integrated System for Electronic Access to Justice (SIIAEJ)/

    RO0018, 2012, Citizenship and Immigration

  189. Electronic Public Procurement Platform

    TR0007, 2012, Open Contracting and Procurement

  190. Compras eficientes

    CO0022, 2012, Capacity Building

  191. Forma de pago de consultores contratados

    GT0008, 2012, Open Contracting and Procurement

  192. Regular los recursos ejecutados

    GT0009, 2012, Open Contracting and Procurement

  193. Poner a la vista pública los avanzes de los fondos

    GT0010, 2012, Fiscal Transparency

  194. Impulsar la agilización de la ejecución, para reducir el pago

    GT0011, 2012, Open Contracting and Procurement

  195. Sistema de Gestión de Contratos

    PY0004, 2012, Open Contracting and Procurement

  196. Sistema de compras por Catálogo Electrónico

    PY0005, 2012, E-Government

  197. Improving Procurement Procedures

    AM0003, 2012, Capacity Building

  198. Improving budget planning and reporting systems through full utilization of program budgeting

    AM0004, 2012, Audits and Controls

  199. Law on competitive e-government procurement

    UA0017, 2012, E-Government

  200. Portal transaccional de compras y contrataciones

    DO0005, 2012, E-Government

  201. Agencia de compras y contrataciones del Estado

    UY0007, 2012, E-Government

  202. Public Procurements

    MK0028, 2012, E-Government

  203. Train public offcials

    MD0040, 2012, Capacity Building

  204. Home-grown concept of E-procurement

    GE0009, 2012, E-Government

  205. Transparencia en Procesos de Inversión

    SV0012, 2012, E-Government

  206. Espacios en concursos, remates y licitaciones

    PE0019, 2012, Open Contracting and Procurement

  207. Registry of National Education Prices

    BR0027, 2011, Education

  208. Contractual management of IT services

    BR0028, 2011, E-Government

  209. Electronic Bidding

    PH0014, 2011, E-Government

  210. Procurement Cards

    PH0015, 2011, Open Contracting and Procurement

  211. E-Procurement

    ID0010, 2011, E-Government

  212. Publish Budget Assigned to Federal Entities for Medical Purchases

    MX0011, 2011, Fiscal Transparency

  213. Publish PEMEX Contract Data

    MX0016, 2011, Extractive Industries

  214. Improve the Electronic Purchasing System (COMPRANET)

    MX0017, 2011, E-Government


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