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Open Contracting and Procurement

Open contracting and transparency in public procurement have proven to save money and broaden competition. It is becoming a global norm in OGP, with over 70 members committing to reforms on the issue.

Overview

The financial and human cost of corruption in public contracting is significant. According to the UN, corruption reduces the value of a public contract by 10 to 25 percent. 

OGP helps governments adopt open contracting policies focused on disclosure, participation, and oversight throughout the entire procurement chain. The combination of these activities helps governments save money, fight corruption, and expand the number of participating businesses, particularly small and women-owned businesses. 

In OGP, over 70 members have open contracting commitments with the majority of commitments focused on information disclosure. OGP members have also been piloting sector-specific application of open contracting reforms, such as in the health, infrastructure, and extractive sectors as well as opportunities to open up procurement markets to women, youth, persons with disabilities, and other under-represented communities.  

The next frontiers include contracting commitments that incorporate higher levels of civic participation and public accountability. OGP support this new work by  shaping incentives, pushing for quality sustainable data, and bringing in new allies like journalists and business.



Recommendations

  • Collect higher-quality contracting data that is timely, complete and in a machine-readable format. France requires municipalities to provide free access to data regarding public contracts.
  • Train people on how to utilize contracting data for impact and include citizen feedback loops. Ukraine launched DoZorro, a public procurement monitoring platform that enables citizens to submit feedback, including alerts of possible irregularities and violations. More than 700,000 users have flagged nearly 74,000 concerns, of which 20,000 were found to relate to actual violations.
  • Collect and share gender-disaggregated data on procurement bids, and look for opportunities to expand the public procurement market to women-owned suppliers who currently receive less than 1% of public contracts globally.   Elgeyo Marakwet, Kenya is expanding procurement opportunities for youth, women, and people with disabilities, and it publishes data on the gender of government contractees.
  • Engage with stakeholders in health, infrastructure, extractive and other sectors. Honduras and Malawi are using the Construction Sector Transparency Initiative (CoST) standards, with the Honduran government disclosing data on nearly 1,000 projects, and Malawi creating accessible channels to collect citizen feedback.

OGP Global Report Data

The data below is drawn from the 2019 OGP Global Report. You can view and learn more about the report here.

These are members making OGP commitments to improve their performance in the respective policy area. As members that have demonstrated political commitment through OGP, the next step is ensuring that implemented commitments have maximal impact.

Key
Indicates that member has a starred commitment in this policy area.


Commitments

  1. Streamline Public Procurement

    NO0059, 2019, E-Government

  2. Open Data on Public Procurement in Bih

    BA0001, 2019, E-Government

  3. Inclusion in Court Contracting

    AUS0007, 2019, Infrastructure & Transport

  4. Open Contracting Data

    UK0093, 2019, E-Government

  5. Corruption Prevention

    IT0063, 2019, E-Government

  6. Open Contracting

    PAR0008, 2019, E-Government

  7. Open public procurement data

    IT0067, 2019, E-Government

  8. Public Procurement Improvements

    GE0078, 2018, E-Government

  9. Public Access to Central Register of the Republic of Macedonia

    MK0122, 2018, Beneficial Ownership

  10. Publishing Procurement Information

    MK0127, 2018, E-Government

  11. Financial Transparency and Accountability

    CA0065, 2018, E-Government

  12. Electronic Catalogs and Public Purchase Platform

    HN0066, 2018, Audits and Controls

  13. Transparency in Waste Management and Creation of a Waste Information Platform

    MAD0009, 2018, Capacity Building

  14. Transparent Public Procurement

    ELG0005, 2018, Capacity Building

  15. Transparency in Public Procurement

    PT0008, 2018, E-Government

  16. Implementation of OCDS (Open Contracting Data Standard)

    CL0062, 2018, E-Government

  17. Open Contracting

    NL0034, 2018, Open Contracting and Procurement

  18. Open Contracting in Hydrocarbons

    TN0042, 2018, Capacity Building

  19. Open Contracting Data Standards

    KAD0002, 2018, E-Government

  20. Fiscal Data

    PNG0006, 2018, Audits and Controls

  21. Open Procurement

    NZ0023, 2018, E-Government

  22. Transparency in Public Procurement

    COT0003, 2018, Capacity Building

  23. Open Contracting

    KE0019, 2018, Capacity Building

  24. National Investment Fund Transparency

    RO0057, 2018, E-Government

  25. Transparency of Public Procurement

    FR0031, 2018, E-Government

  26. Public Procurement Transparency

    KG0009, 2018, Audits and Controls

  27. Government Procurement Transparency

    ID0103, 2018, Capacity Building

  28. Government Grant Transparency

    AM0036, 2018, Fiscal Transparency

  29. Reference Prices

    PY0041, 2018, E-Government

  30. Fight Against Corruption

    SAO0010, 2018, E-Government

  31. Financial and Performance Transparency

    SCO0006, 2018, Fiscal Transparency

  32. Transparency and Accountability in Public Infrastructure

    SEK0006, 2018, E-Government

  33. Infrastructure Data Portal

    UA0070, 2018, E-Government

  34. Transparency in Public Procurement (Prozorro)

    UA0073, 2018, E-Government

  35. Expand Open Contracting

    AU0023, 2018, E-Government

  36. Budget Transparency and Public Procurement

    MD0070, 2018, E-Government

  37. Actions for Further Progress in Adopting Standards on International Tax Transparency, Procurement and Contracting.

    GT0106, 2018, Capacity Building

  38. Implementation of Standards Integrated Open to Public Procurement Contracts (Sicop)

    CR0052, 2017, Open Contracting and Procurement

  39. Implementing Open Contracting

    AF0012, 2017, E-Government

  40. Accountability and Value for Money Through Open Contracting

    LR0034, 2017, E-Government

  41. Enhanced Open Procurement Contract Data

    BOJ0004, 2017, Fiscal Transparency

  42. Developing a New Transparency Portal for Madrid City Council

    MAD0002, 2017, Asset Disclosure

  43. Propose Changes to Central Register of Contracts Regulation

    SK0080, 2017, Legislation & Regulation

  44. Create Space for the Publication of Local Self-Government (Municipality) Contracts in a Single Central Repository.

    SK0081, 2017, Open Contracting and Procurement

  45. Improve the Transparency & Accountability of Public Projects in Priority Sectors, by Publishing Project Contracting and Implementation Information

    ELG0003, 2017, Capacity Building

  46. Open Contracting and Contract Monitoring

    GH0020, 2017, Infrastructure & Transport

  47. Beneficial Ownership

    GH0022, 2017, Beneficial Ownership

  48. Starred commitment Publishing Platform for Government Procurement of Jalisco.

    JAL0007, 2017, E-Government

  49. Implementation of Data Standard for Open Procurement (EDCA)

    AR0043, 2017, E-Government

  50. Deepening the Openness and Transparency of Information Related to Procurement and Contracting of PAMI

    AR0047, 2017, Fiscal Transparency

  51. Preventing Conflicts of Interest in Public Procurement State

    PA0029, 2017, Conflicts of Interest

  52. Publishing State Procurement Data to Citizens

    FI0027, 2017, E-Government

  53. Open Contracting

    NG0002, 2017, Capacity Building

  54. Extractive Sector Transparency

    NG0003, 2017, Beneficial Ownership

  55. Financial Transparency

    SCO0001, 2017, E-Government

  56. Articulation of a Network of Actors Involved in Monitoring, Dissemination and Feedback from Recruitment Processes

    CO0080, 2017, E-Government

  57. Open Public Procurement

    LV0036, 2017, E-Government

  58. Electronic Innovations for More Transparency and Efficiency of Public Procurement

    GE0056, 2016, Capacity Building

  59. Adoption of Standard Open Contracting

    UY0091, 2016, Capacity Building

  60. Audit Report

    SL0016, 2016, Audits and Controls

  61. Make Government Procurement Process Transparent

    MN0031, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  62. Transparent and Accountable Procurement System for Local Authorities in Sri Lanka

    LK0010, 2016, Capacity Building

  63. Local Authority Procurement System Implementation

    LK0011, 2016, Legislation & Regulation

  64. Creating a Legal Obligation for the Contracting Authorities for Mandatory Publication of Information Regarding the Public Procurement Contracts on Their Websites

    MK0101, 2016, Fiscal Transparency

  65. Open Public Procurement Contracting

    SL0021, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  66. Publish Communications to the Council of Ministers on Contracting Process on a Quarterly Basis

    CI0005, 2016, E-Government

  67. Ensuring Financial Transparency

    AZ0043, 2016, Capacity Building

  68. Introduction of a Publicly Accessible Register of Concession Contracts

    MK0104, 2016, E-Government

  69. Beneficial Ownership – UK

    UK0063, 2016, Beneficial Ownership

  70. Enhance Openness of Information on Government Spending and Procurement

    CA0050, 2016, Capacity Building

  71. Open Contracting

    UK0067, 2016, E-Government

  72. Transparency in Civil Service

    HN0049, 2016, Open Contracting and Procurement

  73. Revising Freedom of Information Act Code of Practice

    UK0070, 2016, Open Contracting and Procurement

  74. Shopping Open.

    HN0052, 2016, E-Government

  75. Monitoring Health Sector

    HN0054, 2016, E-Government

  76. Consip Tenders’ Dashboard

    IT0033, 2016, Capacity Building

  77. OCDS Implementation

    UK0079, 2016, E-Government

  78. Opencoesione Plus

    IT0042, 2016, Aid

  79. Code of Practice in Supply Chains

    UK0087, 2016, Labor

  80. Commitment to Open Standards for Contracting

    AL0051, 2016, E-Government

  81. Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative (EITI)

    MW0005, 2016, Extractive Industries

  82. Open Data and Public Procurement

    CL0040, 2016, Audits and Controls

  83. Modernization and Transparency of Procurement Systems and Management Control of Public Works

    CL0044, 2016, E-Government

  84. Detailed Open Spending Data

    NL0023, 2016, Fiscal Transparency

  85. Open Education

    GR0050, 2016, Capacity Building

  86. Open Budgeting

    ZA0017, 2016, Capacity Building

  87. Procurement Disclosure in Bandung

    ID0075, 2016, E-Government

  88. Enhancing Preventive and Punitive Mechanisms in the Fight Against Corruption and Unethical Practices

    KE0011, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  89. Open Contracting

    RO0046, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  90. Starred commitment Ensure Greater Transparency Around Bids and Contracts

    KE0014, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  91. Increasing the Quality and Quantity of Published Open Data

    RO0047, 2016, Capacity Building

  92. Create Transparent Public Procurement Process, Public Oversight of Expenditure and Ensure Value-For-Money Towards Citizen Priorities

    KE0015, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  93. Principles of Open Government

    PY0026, 2016, E-Government

  94. Channels of Citizen Monitoring Public Works and Services.

    PY0027, 2016, E-Government

  95. Accountability Mechanisms

    PY0028, 2016, E-Government

  96. Accountability for Grants of the Government

    AM0028, 2016, E-Government

  97. Centralized Public Procurement System

    BG0050, 2016, E-Government

  98. Public Procurement Processes Municipal Publication

    DO0038, 2016, Capacity Building

  99. System for Entities Performing Government Functions

    UA0059, 2016, Capacity Building

  100. CoST Beneficial Ownership Standards

    UA0062, 2016, E-Government

  101. Starred commitment Open Public Procurement

    UA0064, 2016, Capacity Building

  102. Open Contracting

    AU0013, 2016, Capacity Building

  103. Public Register for e-Government Projects

    BG0066, 2016, E-Government

  104. Increase Public Procurement Transparency

    MD0061, 2016, E-Government

  105. Beneficial Ownership Disclosure in Public Contracts

    BG0070, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  106. Increase Knowledge of Public Procurement Process

    MD0062, 2016, Capacity Building

  107. Actions to Advance to Recruitment Open Regime

    GT0081, 2016, Capacity Building

  108. Improve Transparency of Government Service Providers

    IE0041, 2016, Fiscal Transparency

  109. Contracting Between the Government and Private Sector

    IL0016, 2015, Open Contracting and Procurement

  110. Portal Electronic Procurement System State

    PE0053, 2015, E-Government

  111. Social Monitoring of the National School Feeding Program

    PE0057, 2015, Audits and Controls

  112. Starred commitment Open Contracting

    GH0014, 2015, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  113. Analyze Procurement Process for Education Resources

    SK0033, 2015, E-Government

  114. Textbook Procurement Process

    SK0034, 2015, E-Government

  115. Pilot Procurement Process

    SK0035, 2015, E-Government

  116. Study on Public Procurement Rules

    PA0011, 2015, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  117. Starred commitment Increase Transparency in Public Procurement

    FR0004, 2015, Open Contracting and Procurement

  118. More Transparency in Public Procurement

    CO0032, 2015, Capacity Building

  119. Open Contracting

    US0099, 2015, Capacity Building

  120. Antioquia Transparent

    CO0041, 2015, Audits and Controls

  121. Better Land Management

    CO0047, 2015, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  122. Social Map

    CO0048, 2015, E-Government

  123. Open Data Policy

    CR0024, 2015, Capacity Building

  124. Transparent Management Processes Infrastructure Projects

    CR0036, 2015, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  125. Observatory Public Procurement

    SV0061, 2014, Open Contracting and Procurement

  126. Publication of Drug Supply

    SV0062, 2014, Health

  127. Open Contracting

    CA0037, 2014, Open Contracting and Procurement

  128. Planning, Efficiency and Transparency in Public Procurement

    HN0040, 2014, Open Contracting and Procurement

  129. Open Provision of Public Sector Critical Data Sets

    GR0020, 2014, E-Government

  130. Use of the Data Extracted from the Application Dedicated to Budget Management (Adeb) in Public Sector

    TN0015, 2014, E-Government

  131. Publication of Reports Related to Attribution and Execution of Public Procurement and Audit Results

    TN0016, 2014, Audits and Controls

  132. Publication of Recommandations Included in Audit Reports of Public Procurement

    TN0017, 2014, Audits and Controls

  133. Accelerate Open and Good Governance Practices in Goods and Services Procurement

    ID0034, 2014, Open Contracting and Procurement

  134. Accelerate Open and Good Governance Practices in Natural Resources Management

    ID0039, 2014, Environment and Climate

  135. Opening Data Collected from the National Health System

    RO0023, 2014, Health

  136. Open Contracting

    RO0025, 2014, Open Contracting and Procurement

  137. Progressive Elimination of Secrecy Adjudications of Goods, Services and Public Works.

    GT0018, 2014, Open Contracting and Procurement

  138. Online Broadcasting of the State Procurement Appeals Board Sessions

    AM0020, 2014, E-Government

  139. Creating a Legal Procedures Electronic System for Public Procurement Public Access.

    PY0024, 2014, E-Government

  140. Public Procurement Controls

    BG0038, 2014, Audits and Controls

  141. Introducing e-Procurement

    BG0039, 2014, E-Government

  142. Transactional Portal Public Procurement and Contracting

    DO0027, 2014, E-Government

  143. Standardize the Basis for State Procurement Events

    GT0049, 2014, Capacity Building

  144. Law on Streamlining Payment of Administrative Fees

    UA0046, 2014, E-Government

  145. Regular and Transparent Direct Purchases and Cases of Exception for Government Procurement

    GT0050, 2014, Capacity Building

  146. Strengthening in Generating Reference Prices for Acquisitions in the Form of Open Contract

    GT0051, 2014, Open Contracting and Procurement

  147. Strengthening of Units or Agencies Responsible for Carrying Out Public Procurement Planning

    GT0052, 2014, Capacity Building

  148. Observatory Public Procurement

    UY0039, 2014, E-Government

  149. Starred commitment Single Sign-State Suppliers

    UY0040, 2014, E-Government

  150. Transparent Public Procurement Procedures

    RS0003, 2014, Open Contracting and Procurement

  151. Electronic System of Procurement

    GE0030, 2014, E-Government

  152. Starred commitment Launch ―Transparent Account Systemǁ in Order to Enable Consistent, Transparent Reporting to the Public and to Provide Comprehensive Information on Budget Revenue Collection, Income and Expenditure Details, as Well as Public Procurement and Investments.

    MN0003, 2014, Fiscal Transparency

  153. Starred commitment Public Procurement

    MK0073, 2014, Open Contracting and Procurement

  154. Disclose Budget Funded Procurement Contracts Above 80.0 Million MNT

    MN0008, 2014, Open Contracting and Procurement

  155. Open Contracting

    UK0053, 2013, Open Contracting and Procurement

  156. Open Contracting Scotland

    UK0054, 2013, E-Government

  157. Improving the Searchability of Public Procurement Data

    HU0002, 2013, Open Contracting and Procurement

  158. Improvement of the Publicity of Contracts Concluded for the Utilisation of Public Property and with the Use of Public Funds

    HU0003, 2013, E-Government

  159. Enhance the Government Procurement System

    PH0024, 2013, E-Government

  160. Disclosure of Data from the Execution of the Union Budget and from Government Purchases

    BR0048, 2013, Fiscal Transparency

  161. Electronic Procurement System

    AR0004, 2013, E-Government

  162. Creating a Public Data Portal

    AR0007, 2013, E-Government

  163. Development of a Database of the Federal Public Administration Purchases Prices

    BR0057, 2013, E-Government

  164. Designate Categories of Government Information for Active Access

    NL0017, 2013, Capacity Building

  165. Expansion of the Database of the National Debarment List (CEIS):

    BR0079, 2013, Open Contracting and Procurement

  166. Open Shopping

    MX0044, 2013, Open Contracting and Procurement

  167. Smart Shopping

    MX0045, 2013, Open Contracting and Procurement

  168. Implement a Single Purchase System in the State Symphysis

    CR0022, 2013, E-Government

  169. Extractive Industries Transparency

    LR0003, 2013, Audits and Controls

  170. Improve Transparency, Competition, and Controls Over State Purchases: Implement Framework Agreements and Corporate Purchasing

    HN0011, 2012, Open Contracting and Procurement

  171. Public Procurement Information System

    PE0034, 2012, Open Contracting and Procurement

  172. Improve Transparency, Competition, and Controls Over State Purchases: Post Annual Plans Procurement and Contracting Institutions Connected to SIAFI

    HN0012, 2012, Open Contracting and Procurement

  173. Improve Transparency, Competition, and Controls Over State Purchases: Update the Registry for Providers and Contractors

    HN0013, 2012, Open Contracting and Procurement

  174. EU Funds and Subsidies Monitoring – Prepare Tender for Web Application

    SK0009, 2012, Open Contracting and Procurement

  175. e-Concessions Procedures

    AL0016, 2012, E-Government

  176. Starred commitment Improving Access to Information on Expending Public Resources and Contents of Relevant Registers: Implementation of Acts on Political Activity and Campaign Financing

    HR0006, 2012, Civic Space

  177. e-Procurement System for All Small Purchases of Public Procurement

    AL0029, 2012, E-Government

  178. Procurement Corruption: Help Desk

    ME0038, 2012, Open Contracting and Procurement

  179. Procurement Corruption: Regulation and Awareness-Raising

    ME0039, 2012, Open Contracting and Procurement

  180. Establishing Central Public Procurement Bodies

    ME0040, 2012, Open Contracting and Procurement

  181. Electronic Public Procurement System

    ME0041, 2012, E-Government

  182. Interactive Guidelines and Training in Implementation of the Good Practice of Public Engagement

    EE0006, 2012, Open Contracting and Procurement

  183. Procurement

    MT0006, 2012, Open Contracting and Procurement

  184. Creation of an Open Data Infrastructure in the Public Procurement Sector

    CZ0004, 2012, Open Contracting and Procurement

  185. Operate Central e-Procurement Information System

    GR0003, 2012, E-Government

  186. Publicise Public Sector Procurement Information

    GR0010, 2012, E-Government

  187. National Procurement Systems Self Assessment

    JO0025, 2012, Open Contracting and Procurement

  188. Unified Procurement Bylaw

    JO0026, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  189. The Public Procurement Electronic System (SEAP). the Electronic Allocation System for Transports (SAET)/B.1 C) Expanding the On-Line Submission of Fiscal Forms. Ensuring the Free On-Line Access to National Legislation. Developing Electronic Tools to Manage Subpoenas and Facilitate Access Toinformation Regarding Legal Proceedings. Developing Electronic Tools to Manage the Procedures Related to Obtaining the Romanian Citizenship. Developing Electronic Tools to Manage the Procedures Related to the Creation of Non-Profit Legal Persons. the Integrated System for Electronic Access to Justice (SIIAEJ)

    RO0018, 2012, Citizenship and Immigration

  190. Electronic Public Procurement Platform

    TR0007, 2012, Open Contracting and Procurement

  191. Efficient Shopping

    CO0022, 2012, Capacity Building

  192. Payment of Contracted Consultants

    GT0008, 2012, Open Contracting and Procurement

  193. Regular Resources Executed

    GT0009, 2012, Open Contracting and Procurement

  194. Putting Public View the Advancements of Funds

    GT0010, 2012, Fiscal Transparency

  195. Promote Speedier Implementation, to Reduce Payment

    GT0011, 2012, Open Contracting and Procurement

  196. Contract Management System

    PY0004, 2012, Open Contracting and Procurement

  197. Procurement System by Electronic Catalog

    PY0005, 2012, E-Government

  198. Improving Procurement Procedures

    AM0003, 2012, Capacity Building

  199. Improving Budget Planning and Reporting Systems Through Full Utilization of Program Budgeting

    AM0004, 2012, Audits and Controls

  200. Law on Competitive e-Government Procurement

    UA0017, 2012, E-Government

  201. Transactional Portal Procurement and Contracting

    DO0005, 2012, E-Government

  202. Purchasing Agency and Contracting

    UY0007, 2012, E-Government

  203. Public Procurements

    MK0028, 2012, E-Government

  204. Train Public Offcials

    MD0040, 2012, Capacity Building

  205. Home-Grown Concept of E-Procurement

    GE0009, 2012, E-Government

  206. Investment Process Transparency

    SV0012, 2012, E-Government

  207. Spaces in Contests, Auctions and Tenders

    PE0019, 2012, Open Contracting and Procurement

  208. Registry of National Education Prices

    BR0027, 2011, Education

  209. Contractual Management of IT Services

    BR0028, 2011, E-Government

  210. Electronic Bidding

    PH0014, 2011, E-Government

  211. Procurement Cards

    PH0015, 2011, Open Contracting and Procurement

  212. e-Procurement

    ID0010, 2011, E-Government

  213. Publish Budget Assigned to Federal Entities for Medical Purchases

    MX0011, 2011, Fiscal Transparency

  214. Publish PEMEX Contract Data

    MX0016, 2011, Extractive Industries

  215. Improve the Electronic Purchasing System (COMPRANET)

    MX0017, 2011, E-Government


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