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Water and Sanitation

OGP members tackle disparity and safety issues in water and sanitation through commitments ranging from improving access to fighting corruption.

Overview | Recommendations | Partners | Data | Documents | Commitments | Recent Posts

Overview

Challenges involved with safe water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) are increasingly complex and widespread. According to the WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme, around the world, 30 percent of people do not have access to clean water and a troubling six in ten lack safely managed sanitation. WASH can be greatly improved with better transparency, participation, inclusion, and accountability. 

WASH, along with other public services such as health and education, are some of the least explored areas in OGP, with only 18 members currently implementing WASH commitments as of September 2019. Commitments that do exist, encouragingly, focus on creating inclusive dialogue and feedback loops. 

OGP members can use their action plans to address many of the root causes of WASH issues, including corruption and poor quality, as well as lack of prioritization, access, equity, and accountability.



Recommendations

  • Ensure public participation and greater transparency in policy decisions. In 2016, Uruguay launched a dialogue on the National Water Plan, which included nearly 2,000 citizens, academics, and government representatives. 
  • Ensure officials’ duty to respond to public inquiry. After citizens in Paraguay demanded updated, complete, and cross-referenced information on water and sanitation sources, the government adopted the Rural Water and Sanitation Information System digital platform (SAISAR in Spanish), overseen by non-governmental organizations, municipalities, and donor groups.
  • Accelerate much-needed transparency, participation, and accountability, especially in large infrastructure contracts. Brazil has created a data platform that allows the public to monitor the country’s water resource management program.
  • Obtain input from impacted communities and under-represented organizations, particularly women and indigenous communities where relevant. In Sekondi-Takoradi, Ghana, landlords, resident associations, the government, and citizens formed a partnership to increase access to basic household sanitary facilities, like toilets, improving overall health.
  • Improve legitimacy of decision-making. Recent evidence from Costa Rica shows that communities with stronger public water committees and clear rules for tariff collection have better performance in terms of both providing water to rural communities and recovering costs.

OGP Global Report Data

The data below is drawn from the 2019 OGP Global Report. You can view and learn more about the report here.

These are members making OGP commitments to improve their performance in the respective policy area. As members that have demonstrated political commitment through OGP, the next step is ensuring that implemented commitments have maximal impact.

Key
Indicates that member has a starred commitment in this policy area.


Resources

  1. Global Report - Water, Sanitation and Hygiene

    Improving open government yields significant dividends to water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH).

    2019, Document, PDF

  2. Water Fact Sheet 2020

    Snapshot of global progress and member-level examples of water reform in OGP

    2020, Document, PDF

  3. A Community of Practice on Water and Open Government

    Tackling today’s water challenges will require more than improving infrastructure and stepping up investments.

    2019, Resource, Web Page

  4. UNDP's User's Guide on Assessing Water Governance

    , Outbound Link, Web Page

  5. OECD's Water Governance Indicator Framework

    , Outbound Link, Web Page

  6. Innovations in Water Management in the city of São Paulo: The Leading Role of Civil Society

    When political leaders failed to act on São Paulo's grave water crisis from 2014-2016, civil society organizations, including the Alliance…

    2019, Outbound Link, Web Page

  7. Webinar: Water and Open Government – The Cases of Armenia and Ghana

    Learn how open government reforms can accelerate clean water priorities.

    2020, , Web Page


Commitments

  1. Starred commitment National Water Plan

    UY0072, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  2. Starred commitment Access to Health, Education, and Water Data

    TZ0008, 2012, Water and Sanitation

  3. Starred commitment Citizens’ “How Do I?” Website

    TZ0012, 2012, Public Service Delivery

  4. Community Climate Resilience Pilot

    AUS0006, 2019, Public Service Delivery

  5. Governance of Waste Management

    MN0047, 2019, Public Service Delivery

  6. Interactive Map for Information about Indigenous People

    AR0080, 2019, Water and Sanitation

  7. Improve waste-management practice

    IAS0002, 2019, Public Service Delivery

  8. Publishing Water and Sanitation Data

    AR0085, 2019, Public Service Delivery

  9. Participatory Budgeting

    NG0015, 2019, Anti-Corruption

  10. Climate Atlas

    DK0066, 2019, Public Service Delivery

  11. Publish Terrain, Climate, and Water Data

    DK0067, 2019, Public Service Delivery

  12. Transparency of Forestry, Water, and Fishing Management

    MX0084, 2019, Anti-Corruption

  13. Disclosure of Beneficial Owners

    MX0085, 2019, Anti-Corruption

  14. Community Water Management and Planning

    NR0002, 2019, Public Service Delivery

  15. Implementation of the National Water Plan

    UY0099, 2018, Public Service Delivery

  16. Open Data in Public Works

    HN0063, 2018, Public Service Delivery

  17. Transparency in Waste Management and Creation of a Waste Information Platform

    MAD0009, 2018, Anti-Corruption

  18. Water Resources Management

    CL0058, 2018, Public Service Delivery

  19. Improve Water Resource Governance

    TN0040, 2018, Public Service Delivery

  20. Water Resource Management

    BR0109, 2018, Public Service Delivery

  21. Access to Information

    COT0001, 2018, Water and Sanitation

  22. Open Geo-Spatial Data for Development

    KE0020, 2018, Digital Governance

  23. State Water Cadastre

    AM0039, 2018, Public Service Delivery

  24. Access to Information on Water Services.

    PY0046, 2018, Public Service Delivery

  25. Public Services –Sanitation

    SEK0010, 2018, Public Service Delivery

  26. Sensitize and Educate the Public About the Effects of Climate Change, Efficient Use of Natural Resources, Disaster Risk Management, Care of the Environment and Its Publication in Open Data

    GT0085, 2018, Public Service Delivery

  27. Re-Qualification, Rehabilitation, and Accessibility Program

    CV0002, 2018, Public Service Delivery

  28. Implementation of a Comprehensive Information System on Investment in Sanitation Projects

    PE0079, 2017, Public Service Delivery

  29. Developing a New Transparency Portal for Madrid City Council

    MAD0002, 2017, Anti-Corruption

  30. Transparency in Quality and Quantity of Water

    PA0031, 2017, Public Service Delivery

  31. Information on Water Services, Sewerage, Water Sources and Sewage Ponds Available for Public Access and Use by July 2017.

    KIG0004, 2017, Water and Sanitation

  32. Participatory Management of Safe Water

    LAL0002, 2017, Public Service Delivery

  33. Public Service - Sanitation

    SEK0002, 2017, Public Service Delivery

  34. Improving Public Access to Preventive and Curative Strategies to Combat Chronic Kidney Disease

    LK0001, 2016, Public Service Delivery

  35. Waste Management

    SL0014, 2016, Public Service Delivery

  36. Transparency of Contracts of Public Resource Exploiting

    MN0032, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  37. Resilient Communities

    HN0058, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  38. Georeferencing Complaints and Infringements Requests the Water Code

    CL0034, 2016, Public Service Delivery

  39. Codelco Transparency Website

    CL0035, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  40. Modernization and Transparency of Procurement Systems and Management Control of Public Works

    CL0044, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  41. Detailed Open Spending Data

    NL0023, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  42. Digital system for waste managment data

    IT0071, 2016, Public Service Delivery

  43. Measuring Water Consumption and Discharges Both Volume and Quality, as Well as Promoting Reuse, Zero Discharge of Large Consumers and Monitor Their Treatment, Being Transparent Information to Facilitate Citizen Participation in Monitoring.

    MX0069, 2016, Public Service Delivery

  44. Channels of Citizen Monitoring Public Works and Services.

    PY0027, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  45. National Waste Management Information System And Related e-Services

    BG0045, 2016, Public Service Delivery

  46. Troubleshooting Reports on Water Issues

    DO0044, 2016, Public Service Delivery

  47. Environmental Monitoring Points

    UY0070, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  48. Watershed Committees

    PA0019, 2015, Water and Sanitation

  49. Table for Guanacaste

    CR0045, 2015, Water and Sanitation

  50. Electronic Portal on Water Resources Administration and Management

    AL0036, 2014, Water and Sanitation

  51. To Establish an Open Data System by December 2016.

    TZ0027, 2014, Water and Sanitation

  52. Improve Quality of Openness in Health Services

    ID0031, 2014, Public Service Delivery

  53. Community Empowerment to Support Environmental Sustainability

    ID0044, 2014, Water and Sanitation

  54. Dialogue Channels and Citizen Participation

    PY0021, 2014, Health

  55. Ensure Transparency All Agreements on Investment, Stability and Production- Sharing of Public-Owned Resources Such as Water, Minerals, Oil and Land.

    MN0005, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  56. Development of a Unified and Interactive Information Panel on the Implementation of the Water for All Program, Which Can Be Publicly Accessed Through the Internet

    BR0043, 2013, Water and Sanitation

  57. Water Coalition

    NL0011, 2013, Water and Sanitation

  58. Water Data and Mapping

    TZ0002, 2012, Water and Sanitation

  59. Client Service Charters

    TZ0005, 2012, Education

  60. Reports on Tax Exemptions

    TZ0023, 2012, Public Service Delivery

  61. Having Cleaner Beaches

    MT0001, 2012, Water and Sanitation

  62. Environment

    MT0003, 2012, Water and Sanitation

  63. Monitoring Plan for Investments in "Utilities"

    CO0026, 2012, Water and Sanitation

  64. Promoting Public Participation: 1.C. Open Data Portal

    KE0006, 2012, Education

  65. Publish List of Subsidy Beneficiaries

    MX0008, 2011, Education


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