Ghana Implementation Report 2017-2019
Funding shortfalls and stalled Creating and passing legislation is one of the most effective ways of ensuring open government reforms have long-lasting effects on government practices. Technical specifications: Act of creating or r... continue to limit OGP commitments are promises for reform co-created by governments and civil society and submitted as part of an action plan. Commitments typically include a description of the problem, concrete action... implementation in Ghana. However, passage of the long-awaited The legal right to request information from the government allows the public to follow government decision-making, participate in ensuring better decisions, and hold the government accountable. Techni... Act and establishment of the Office of the Special Prosecutor marked important progress in establishing the legal and administrative infrastructure needed to further open government. Moving forward, government and civil society should capitalize on these achievements by ensuring full implementation of the RTI Act and an independent and well-resourced Special Prosecutor.
|Table 1. At a glance
Participating since: 2011
Action plans are at the core of a government’s participation in OGP. They are the product of a co-creation process in which government and civil society jointly develop commitments to open governmen... under review: Third
Report type: Implementation
Number of commitments: 8
Action plan development
Is there a multistakeholder forum: Yes
Level of public influence: Consult
Acted contrary to OGP process: No*
Action plan design
Commitments relevant to OGP values: 8 (100%)
Transformative commitments: 0
Potentially starred: 0
Action plan implementation
Starred commitments: 0
Completed commitments: 1
Commitments with Major DIOG:* 0
Commitments with Outstanding DIOG:* 0
Level of public influence: Involve
Acted contrary to OGP process: No
*DIOG: Did it Open Government
The The Open Government Partnership (OGP) is a multi-stakeholder initiative focused on improving government transparency, ensuring opportunities for citizen participation in public matters, and strengthen... More (OGP) is a global partnership that brings together government reformers and civil society leaders to create action plans that make governments more inclusive, responsive, and accountable. The The Independent Reporting Mechanism (IRM) is OGP’s accountability arm and the main means of tracking progress in participating countries. The IRM provides independent, evidence-based, and objective ... monitors all action plans to ensure governments follow through on commitments. Ghana joined OGP in 2011. Since, Ghana has implemented three action plans. This report evaluates the implementation of Ghana’s third action plan.
General overview of action plan
The overall level of implementation was moderate. Notably, implementation of Commitment 4 (Disclosing beneficial owners — those who ultimately control or profit from a business — is essential for combating corruption, stemming illicit financial flows, and fighting tax evasion. Technical... More) was completed. Yet the IRM assessed the open government impact as “marginal” as it did not create public beneficial ownership information during the implementation period.
Commitments 4 and 6 were substantially completed. The passage of an almost 20-year-old Right to Information Bill was a significant milestone. However, civil society is concerned with the one-year moratorium on its implementation (ending January 2020) to allow the government to prepare an implementation roadmap.
Government and civil society worked together throughout implementation. However, The Steering Committee is OGP’s executive decision-making body. Its role is to develop, promote and safeguard OGP’s values, principles and interests; establish OGP’s core ideas, policies, and ru... meetings were infrequent and limited to the capital. Moving forward, the Ghanaian OGP Secretariat should prioritize the creation of an OGP Access to relevant information is essential for enabling participation and ensuring accountability throughout the OGP process. An OGP repository is an online centralized website, webpage, platform or .... This public database of OGP activities, meetings, and commitment progress is an essential According to OGP’s Articles of Governance, transparency occurs when “government-held information (including on activities and decisions) is open, comprehensive, timely, freely available to the pub... More tool to quickly educate government and civil society participants who are new to the OGP process.
Table 2. Noteworthy commitments
|Commitment description||Status at the end of the implementation cycle|
|Commitment 6: Right to Information
Parliament to pass RTI bill by June 2018; and the Ministry of Information to develop strategies for the implementation of the RTI law by September 2018.
|The RTI Act, 2019 (Act 989) finally passed in March 2019. It had stalled for almost 20 years, according to civil society advocates, owing to uncertainty about its implications, a lack of political will and disagreements between the state and civil society over some of the bill’s content. The Media Foundation for West Africa and the RTI Coalition welcomed the passage as a boon for anticorruption and accountability. However, they are concerned about the government moratorium on implementing the law until early 2020 for budgetary reasons. Implementation strategies are unclear.|
The IRM key recommendations are prepared in the IRM design report. They aim to inform the development of the next action plan and guide implementation of the current action plan. In Ghana’s 2017–2019 Design Report, the IRM recommended the following:
|Include more detailed information in the design of commitments, on the expected goal or change, and the means to achieve the goal.|
|Supplement and strengthen commitments on transparency with a broader focus on According to OGP’s Articles of Governance, public accountability occurs when ”rules, regulations, and mechanisms in place call upon government actors to justify their actions, act upon criticisms ... More and civic participation.|
|Develop a dedicated OGP website and provide reasoned feedback to citizens on how commitments were selected for the action plan.|
|Conduct outreach and raise awareness with a wider range of stakeholders across Ghana to encourage better participation in the OGP process.|
|Support effective implementation of the Right to Information Law through stronger coordination between the Ministry of information, government agencies, and civil society.|