Liberia Design Report 2017-2019
- Action Plan: Liberia Action Plan 2017-2019
- Dates Under Review: 2017-2019
- Report Publication Year: 2020
Liberia’s third Action plans are at the core of a government’s participation in OGP. They are the product of a co-creation process in which government and civil society jointly develop commitments to open governmen... aimed to address corruption through more access to information and citizen oversight. The IRM recommends that future co-creation processes include tools and mechanisms to inform the public how their feedback is used, and consultations are more inclusive. While the action plan did include ambitious commitments, it was impacted by lack of funding and a political transition.
|Table 1. At a glance
Participating since: 2012
Action plan under review: Third
Report type: Design
Number of commitments: 10
Action plan development
Is there a Multistakeholder forum: Yes
Level of public influence: Consult
Acted contrary to OGP process: No
Action plan design
Commitments relevant to OGP values: 10 (100%)
Transformative commitments: 2 (20%)
Potentially starred: 2 (20%))
Action plan implementation
Starred commitments: N/A
Completed commitments: N/A
Commitments with Major DIOG*: N/A
Commitments with Outstanding DIOG*: N/A
*DIOG: Did it Open Government
The The Open Government Partnership (OGP) is a multi-stakeholder initiative focused on improving government transparency, ensuring opportunities for citizen participation in public matters, and strengthen... More (OGP) a global partnership that brings together government reformers and civil society leaders to create action plans that make governments more inclusive, responsive, and accountable. The The Independent Reporting Mechanism (IRM) is OGP’s accountability arm and the main means of tracking progress in participating countries. The IRM provides independent, evidence-based, and objective ... monitors all action plans to ensure governments follow through on commitments. Liberia joined OGP in 2012. Since, Liberia has implemented 2 action plans. This report evaluates the design of Liberia’s 3rd action plan.
General overview of action plan
Liberia’s third action plan includes initiatives that build from its second NAP and aim to strengthen government practices that address the historically relevant issue of corruption, with some opportunities for civic engagement. The plan’s design, however, could not clearly establish a connection between its initiatives and the pressing economic issues that worsened in recent years. This could have been an important opportunity to increase political support to the OGP agenda, especially considering the government transition.
The Collaboration between government, civil society and other stakeholders (e.g., citizens, academics, private sector) is at the heart of the OGP process. Participating governments must ensure that a dive..., led by the Multistakeholder Forum, was impacted by lack of funding and the electoral process. Civil society organizations –mostly those headquartered in Monrovia- took part in the different stages of the process, four of them as members of the MSF. Opportunities for remote participation were limited, as the forum created by the Accountability Lab could not be put online due to budget constraints. In addition, the last round of consultations in Grand Gedeh was cancelled due to road conditions and the start of the political campaign.
Closing the feedback loop continues to be an area of opportunity, as the government has not established the necessary mechanisms or tools –such an online repository- to explain how it has included CSO/citizen input in its decision to adopt commitments.
Ten initiatives make up Liberia’s third action plan, six of them were transitioned from the previous action plan. Only two commitments reach a transformative level of According to OGP’s Articles of Governance, OGP commitments should “stretch government practice beyond its current baseline with respect to key areas of open government.” Ambition captures the po..., one related to the adoption of the A transparent procurement process, known as open contracting, increases competition, improves public service delivery, and ensures governments better value for their money. Technical specifications: C... Standard and one that aims to approve whistleblower protection regulations.
Table 2. Noteworthy commitments
|OGP commitments are promises for reform co-created by governments and civil society and submitted as part of an action plan. Commitments typically include a description of the problem, concrete action... description||Moving forward||Status at the end of implementation cycle.|
|I. Develop a legislative monitoring database
Track laws and bills within the legislature, provide regular reports on their status and allow for discussion.
|This commitment needs to gain legislative buy-in to guarantee access to the required information and processes for its implementation. CSOs and the general public could be given access to draft Creating and passing legislation is one of the most effective ways of ensuring open government reforms have long-lasting effects on government practices. Technical specifications: Act of creating or r... so that citizen input can be considered from the beginning of the process.||Forthcoming: this will be assessed in the Implementation Report, after the end of the action plan cycle.|
|IV. Citizen monitoring and support of the To address barriers that prevent citizens from having their justice needs met, OGP participating governments are working to expand transparency, accountability, and inclusion into all systems of justi... System
Raise awareness around the roles of juries; allow citizens to monitor local courts and track cases.
|More specificity in relation to its activities and goals could benefit this commitment’s potential impact. Its An open, independent, and impartial justice system serves as a foundation for better access to justice by fulfilling all people’s civil liberties and allowing individuals to more effectively protect... component could consider adapting different types of tools –online and offline- to promote participation from citizens according to resource availability (computers, internet, etc).||Forthcoming: this will be assessed in the Implementation Report, after the end of the action plan cycle.|
|V. Feedback mechanism for the LNP
Establish tools and information dissemination modalities to build trust in the police.
|To ensure this commitment’s effectiveness, a fair and efficient grievance redress mechanism needs to be adopted to respond to complaints on abuses by the LNP. At the same time, a public campaign could be put in place to recognize those officers that have been commended for their performance.||Forthcoming: this will be assessed in the Implementation Report, after the end of the action plan cycle.|
|VI. Legislation and Enhancing the skills, abilities, and processes of public servants, civil society, and citizens is essential to achieving long-lasting results in opening government. Technical specifications: Set of ac... for integrity
Support the passage of laws that ensure public servants’ integrity and accountability; development of capacity and develop a network of honest officials.
|Once legislation is passed, the government needs to focus on operationalizing disclosure requirements within the Code of Conduct, including income, assets, liabilities, etc. In addition, the necessary enforcement mechanisms need to be put in place.|
|VIII. Open Contracting
Adopt international standards of Open Contracting to improve accountability, value for money and oversight.
|Relevant actors, such as the National Investment Commission and the National Bureau of Concessions, need to commit to the adoption and implementation of the standards, to ensure consistency in this area of government practice. Effectiveness of public monitoring processes can be assessed to identify any possible gaps.|
The IRM recommendations aim to inform the development of the next action plan and guide implementation of the current action plan.
Table 3. Five KEY IRM Recommendations
|1. Map steps and stakeholders required to effectively operationalize commitments within the prevailing context and constraints.|
|2. Align action plan development with budget processes and timelines, to provide opportunity for advocacy and for the GOL to allocate sufficient resources to support OGP-Liberia activities.|
|3. Establish a dedicated OGP-Liberia website where information on all aspects of the national OGP process can be proactively published.|
|4. Define and elaborate measurable quantitative and/or qualitative indicators under each commitment included in the action plan to facilitate monitoring, evaluation, and learning.|
|5. Strengthen outreach and advocacy on OGP to encourage wider Giving citizens opportunities to provide input into government decision-making leads to more effective governance, improved public service delivery, and more equitable outcomes. Technical specificatio... and engagement in related processes.|