Peru Implementation Report 2017-2019
- Action Plan: Peru Action Plan 2017-2019
- Dates Under Review: 2017-2019
- Report Publication Year: 2020
During the implementation period, and as compared with the previous action planAction plans are at the core of a government’s participation in OGP. They are the product of a co-creation process in which government and civil society jointly develop commitments to open governmen..., Peru made improvements in terms of commitmentOGP commitments are promises for reform co-created by governments and civil society and submitted as part of an action plan. Commitments typically include a description of the problem, concrete action... completionImplementers must follow through on their commitments for them to achieve impact. For each commitment, OGP’s Independent Reporting Mechanism (IRM) evaluates the degree to which the activities outlin.... However, the majority of commitments have not led to changes in the practice of government (or changes have been marginal). Moving forward, the IRM researcher recommends strengthening the the open government component in the results sought by the proposed activities.
|Table 1. At a glance
Member since: 2011
Action plan under review: Third (2017-2019)
Type of report: Implementation
Number of commitments: 18
Development of the action plan
Design of the action plan
Implementation of the action plan
Open Government PartnershipThe Open Government Partnership (OGP) is a multi-stakeholder initiative focused on improving government transparency, ensuring opportunities for citizen participation in public matters, and strengthen... More (OGP) is a voluntary initiative that aims to secure concrete commitments from governments to promote transparencyAccording to OGP’s Articles of Governance, transparency occurs when “government-held information (including on activities and decisions) is open, comprehensive, timely, freely available to the pub... More, empower citizens, fight corruption, and harness new technologies to strengthen governance. The Independent Reporting Mechanism (IRM)The Independent Reporting Mechanism (IRM) is OGP’s accountability arm and the main means of tracking progress in participating countries. The IRM provides independent, evidence-based, and objective ... conducts yearly assessments of each OGP member’s activities to ensure that governments comply with their commitments. Peru joined OGP in 2011 and has since implemented three action plans. This report assesses the implementation of the third action plan.
Overview of the action plan
Seven ministries were in charge of implementing the plan’s commitments and the Secretariat for Public Administration of the Presidency of the Council of Ministries (moving forward, SGP-PCM) was in charge of the plan’s monitoring component. The Government documented instances in which citizens were informed about the status of commitments. However, the Government did not meaningfully engage civil society during the implementation process.
Three of the eighteen commitments included in Peru’s third action plan achieved major government openness. Thanks to these, Peru will soon have a multi-stakeholder forum, the quality of environmental information has improved, and the students from technical schools saw a reduction in the costs associated with obtaining their degrees.
Table 2. Noteworthy commitments
|Commitment description||Status at the end of the implementation cycle|
|1. Multi-stakeholder forum in priority sectors and open government commitments
Creation of pilot spaces for collaboration between civil society and Government in each sector participating in the current action plan
|Completion of this commitment was limited, as two milestones were reframed and their activities were modified. However, the commitment allowed for the creation of a new multi-stakeholder forum that supported the OGP process in Peru, with significant participation from CSOs. The forum will be operational as of the start Peru’s fourth action plan cycle (2019-2021).|
|2. Access to environmental information and improved mechanisms for environmental information and transparency
Standardize a method for collection and disclosure of environmental information
|Completion of this commitment was substantial. This commitment allowed for better disclosure of information, which available to the public via four web portals (National Environmental Information System – SINIA, Geoservidor, Environmental Assessment and Audit Institution – OEFA, and the Forest Offender Registry). It also enhanced access to these platforms.|
|7. Online availability of information of degrees issued by the Institute for Higher Technological EducationAccountability within the public education system is key to improving outcomes and attainment, and accountability is nearly impossible without transparent policies and opportunities for participation ...||The commitment was completed. Students with technical, non-university education are able to access their degree certificates online since 2015. The Government will gradually include certificates from previous years.
The IRM recommendations aim to inform the design of the upcoming action plan and guide the implementation of the current plan. For Peru’s design report (2017-2019), the IRM made the following recommendations:
|1. Create a platform to allow for traceability of information related to information, consultation, feedback and joint decision-making with civil society|
|2. Reframe the sectoral focus of the creation of new commitments: aim to better acknowledge OGP values and higher levels of ambitionAccording to OGP’s Articles of Governance, OGP commitments should “stretch government practice beyond its current baseline with respect to key areas of open government.” Ambition captures the po... of ongoing activities|
|3. Trigger an early start of multi-stakeholder sectorial pilots for the design of the new action plan, which should be co-chaired by the State and civil society|
|4. Explore additional topics to link with open government: legal reforms, justiceTo address barriers that prevent citizens from having their justice needs met, OGP participating governments are working to expand transparency, accountability, and inclusion into all systems of justi... and public contracting, as part of Peru’s 200 anniversary of its independence|
|5. Promote a revision of the country’s legislationCreating and passing legislation is one of the most effective ways of ensuring open government reforms have long-lasting effects on government practices. Technical specifications: Act of creating or r... related to citizen participationAccording to OGP’s Articles of Governance, citizen participation occurs when “governments seek to mobilize citizens to engage in public debate, provide input, and make contributions that lead to m... More|
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