Ghana Mid-Term Progress Report 2015-2017
The Action plans are at the core of a government’s participation in OGP. They are the product of a co-creation process in which government and civil society jointly develop commitments to open governmen... contained ambitious measures to implement open-contracting, increase extractives’ revenue According to OGP’s Articles of Governance, transparency occurs when “government-held information (including on activities and decisions) is open, comprehensive, timely, freely available to the pub... More, and improve online access to information. While several of the commitments were vague, and Implementers must follow through on their commitments for them to achieve impact. For each commitment, OGP’s Independent Reporting Mechanism (IRM) evaluates the degree to which the activities outlin... appears low, many commitments saw progress after the period assessed in this report. Moving forward, the Ghanaian government could focus on improving record management as a prerequisite to ensure passage of the long-awaited freedom of information law.
The The Open Government Partnership (OGP) is a multi-stakeholder initiative focused on improving government transparency, ensuring opportunities for citizen participation in public matters, and strengthen... More (OGP) is a voluntary international initiative that aims to secure commitments from governments to their citizenry, to promote transparency, empower citizens, fight corruption, and harness new technologies to strengthen governance. Ghana began participating in OGP in September 2011. The The Independent Reporting Mechanism (IRM) is OGP’s accountability arm and the main means of tracking progress in participating countries. The IRM provides independent, evidence-based, and objective ... carries out a biannual review of the activities of each country that participates in OGP.
A The Steering Committee is OGP’s executive decision-making body. Its role is to develop, promote and safeguard OGP’s values, principles and interests; establish OGP’s core ideas, policies, and ru... (SC), equally comprised of government and civil society (CSO) representatives, is in charge of decision and policy-making for OGP processes. The leading agency for coordinating the OGP process is the Ministry of Public Sector Reform Secretariat (PSRS). The PSRS has little legal power to compel ministries, departments, and agencies (MDAs) to implement the action plan. To ensure implementation of commitments, MDAs in charge of implementation are invited to participate in quarterly meetings with PSRS. At the time of preparing this report, however, no meeting had taken place.
Countries participating in the OGP follow a process for consultation during development of their OGP action plan and during implementation.
The development of the second action plan took place in three steps including a consultative workshop, a working committee to compile issues identified at the workshop, and a validation meeting. CSOs played key roles throughout the plan’s preparation process. However, most CSOs were from the greater Accra region; moving forward, a more diverse group of CSOs could be invited to the drafting process.
While PSRS organised two awareness-raising forums about OGP during the implementation of the action plan, it did not organise a Regular dialogue between government and civil society is a core element of OGP participation. It builds trust, promotes joint problem-solving, and empowers civil society to influence the design, imple... to discuss ongoing implementation of the plan. PSRS released the midterm government self-assessment report in October 2016. The document reviewed progress made on the commitments but lacked evidence supporting such progress.
OGP commitments are promises for reform co-created by governments and civil society and submitted as part of an action plan. Commitments typically include a description of the problem, concrete action... IMPLEMENTATION
As part of OGP participation, countries make commitments in a two-year action plan. The Ghanaian action plan contains six commitments. The following tables summarize each commitment’s level of completion, potential impact, whether it falls within Ghana’s planned schedule and the key next steps for the commitment in future OGP action plans. Similar commitments have been grouped and re-ordered for better understanding.
The IRM awards “stars” to commitments that meet several criteria. Commitments must be highly specific, relevant to OGP values, of transformative potential impact, and substantially completed or complete. Some commitments (e.g. Commitment 1) will receive stars at the end of term as they were completed after this assessment period.
This report was prepared by Nicholas Adamtey, Transparency and Accountability Inititative (Ghana)