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Liberia Results Report 2020-2022

Government agencies’ limited funding and commitment resulted in a low level of implementation and few early open government results from Liberia’s fourth action plan. However, modest progress was made toward establishing systems to disclose public contract and beneficial ownership information. Coordination among government, civil society, and international partners was a key ingredient for these reforms.

Early Results

Liberia’s fourth action plan continued anti-corruption efforts established under previous plans. The country made modest progress toward transparency of government contracts and beneficial owners of companies. These reforms represent two of the five commitments highlighted as promising in Liberia’s Action Plan Review.[1]

Financial constraints and leadership turnover inhibited implementation of the three other commitments identified as promising, continuing challenges seen in previous action plans. Leadership challenges particularly impacted the Liberia Anti-Corruption Commission, responsible for Commitment 4, which aimed to pass long-awaited anti-corruption legislation. The Ministry of Health had taken initial steps to establish and train County Health Boards under Commitment 6. However, the boards were limited to five counties and had not yet become operational by the time of assessment.

The marginal early results achieved under Commitments 1 and 5 on open contracting and beneficial ownership transparency were facilitated by strong ownership by the respective lead agencies and technical and financial support from civil society, government, and international partners. Reformers continued to build toward the necessary institutional and legal frameworks for beneficial ownership and open contracting. However, the reformers had not achieved their overall objective to disclose new information to the public by the end of the implementation period.


Half of the 12 commitments are carried over from the previous action plan and continue Liberia’s focus on fighting corruption through open government. New policy areas included opening healthcare management, transparent tax revenue management, youth protection of civic space, and fighting gender-based violence.

The level of completion was lower than that of the previous action plan. Of the twelve commitments, seven achieved a limited level of completion and four were not started. These include commitments related to access to justice, citizen participation in the legislature, preventing gender-based violence, and youth protection of civic space. In the case of commitments by the legislature and the Ministry of Youth and Sports, the absence of a dedicated point of contact indicates a lack of ownership by the implementing agency. Despite attempts to reach the commitment point of contact, the Independent Reporting Mechanism (IRM) did not receive sufficient evidence on Commitment 8 on transparent tax revenue management to assess completion.

Half of the commitments were assessed as having a marginal impact on open government practices. Commitments 1 and 5 are analyzed in-depth in this report, as they represent national priorities and build toward ambitious long-term open government reforms. The remaining commitments that achieved marginal early results, such as Commitment 4 on anti-corruption legislation and Commitment 6 on transparent and participatory healthcare management, made modest progress without significant early results visible by the end of the implementation period. Under Commitment 12, iLab and the Open Government Partnership (OGP) Liberia Secretariat monitored the government’s COVID-19 response, but the IRM did not find evidence on the impact or use of this information.

The remaining six commitments are assessed as having no early results to report yet. As detailed in the Annex, obstacles to implementation included limited funding, a lack of ownership by the responsible agency, and administrative turnover. The overall level of open government results is similar to that of the previous action plan.

Participation and Co-Creation

The Liberian OGP Secretariat works with the Steering Committee and Multi-Stakeholder Forum to oversee the OGP process. The Steering Committee includes government and civil society representatives chosen from the broader Multi-Stakeholder Forum based on their responsibility for commitments in the current action plan. The co-creation process continues to include the same set of civil society organizations based in Monrovia. This is reflected by the action plan, in which half of the commitments are nearly identical to those in the previous plan. The Secretariat made efforts to reach a broader audience through sensitization and radio sessions. The IRM recommends that the Secretariat seek potential partners beyond the capital and use radio outreach to collect input from the public throughout co-creation and implementation.

Implementation in Context

The COVID-19 pandemic pulled government attention and funding away from implementation of the action plan. Social distancing restrictions caused the Steering Committee and Multi-Stakeholder Forum discussions to be held online and over WhatsApp. Additionally, conflict around the leadership structure at the Liberia Anti-Corruption Commission inhibited implementation of Commitment 4.

[1] “Liberia Action Plan Review 2020-2022,” Open Government Partnership,


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