Mongolia Design Report 2019-2021
- Action Plan: Mongolia Action Plan 2019-2021
- Dates Under Review: 2019-2021
- Report Publication Year: 2021
The development of Mongolia’s third Action plans are at the core of a government’s participation in OGP. They are the product of a co-creation process in which government and civil society jointly develop commitments to open governmen... took place in a context of a government transition resulting in significant shortcomings in the Collaboration between government, civil society and other stakeholders (e.g., citizens, academics, private sector) is at the heart of the OGP process. Participating governments must ensure that a dive.... The action plan is largely aligned with national priorities with commitments in new policy areas such as waste management and contracts According to OGP’s Articles of Governance, transparency occurs when “government-held information (including on activities and decisions) is open, comprehensive, timely, freely available to the pub... More for internationally funded projects. Moving ahead, the Government of Mongolia needs to reactivate its OGP multistakeholder forum and focus on sustained implementation of reforms to fight corruption and improve service delivery.
|Table 1. At a Glance
Participating since: 2013
Action plan under review: 2019–2021
Report type: Design
Number of commitments: 13
Action plan development
Is there a multistakeholder forum: Yes
Level of public influence: Consult
Acted contrary to OGP process: Yes
Action plan design
Commitments relevant to OGP values: 12 (92%)
Transformative commitments: 1 (8%)
Potentially starred commitments: 1 (8%)
The The Open Government Partnership (OGP) is a multi-stakeholder initiative focused on improving government transparency, ensuring opportunities for citizen participation in public matters, and strengthen... More (OGP) is a global partnership that brings together government reformers and civil society leaders to create action plans that make governments more inclusive, responsive, and accountable. The The Independent Reporting Mechanism (IRM) is OGP’s accountability arm and the main means of tracking progress in participating countries. The IRM provides independent, evidence-based, and objective ... monitors all action plans to ensure governments follow through on commitments. Mongolia joined OGP in 2013. Since, Mongolia has implemented two action plans. This report evaluates the design of Mongolia’s third action plan.
Mongolia’s legislative and presidential elections in 2016 and 2017 contributed to a delayed OGP process. The development of the country’s third action plan formally commenced in August 2018 with a government-hosted workshop. Prior to this, civil society organizations (CSOs) independently collected public feedback on their proposals for action plan commitments. However, the Cabinet Secretariat, which leads Mongolia’s OGP process, did not report on how these proposals were incorporated in the final action plan. In general, the overall co-creation process was weakened by the absence of a functional multistakeholder forum, as well as gaps in coordination between government and civil society stakeholders which prevented iterative dialogue. In January 2019, the Chief of the Cabinet Secretariat approved the country’s third action plan, without consulting civil society, and submitted it to OGP in April 2019. The country thus fell short of the threshold for participation in the development of the action plan and was thus found to be acting contrary to OGP process.[i]
Several policy areas are continued from previous action plans including Disclosing beneficial owners — those who ultimately control or profit from a business — is essential for combating corruption, stemming illicit financial flows, and fighting tax evasion. Technical..., A transparent procurement process, known as open contracting, increases competition, improves public service delivery, and ensures governments better value for their money. Technical specifications: C..., and improvement of To ensure that citizens of all groups are better supported by the government, OGP participating governments are working to improve the quality of and access to public services. Commitments in this are.... The action plan also aligns with the Mongolia Sustainable Development Vision 2030, the Three-Pillar Development Policy, and the National Anti-Corruption Strategy. The plan contains a potentially transformative OGP commitments are promises for reform co-created by governments and civil society and submitted as part of an action plan. Commitments typically include a description of the problem, concrete action... to open up international More and better information about aid helps partner countries and donor institutions plan and manage aid resources more effectively, parliaments and civil society to hold governments accountable for t... and loan data around health and infrastructure projects. However, this action plan is less ambitious than previous action plans as a whole, with six commitments of minor and one of no potential impact.
Moving forward, the Cabinet Secretariat needs to prioritize reactivation of the multistakeholder forum and thematic working groups. The forum needs to collaborate closely with civil society to design and monitor implementation of commitments in key reform areas of anti-corruption and public service delivery.
Table 2. Noteworthy commitments
|Commitment description||Moving forward||Status at the end of implementation cycle|
|4. Ensure citizen and CSOs’ engagement in public procurements of health and road/transportation sectors
Develop an online procurement information portal in compliance with the International Open Contracting Data Standards, facilitate citizen monitoring of health and transportation procurement, and create a glass account portal for further monitoring.
|The Ministry of Finance should introduce a communication channel within the portal where the government can respond to citizen input and provide updates. Publication of past procurement information retroactively could aid further scrutiny and identification of areas for improvement.||Note: this will be assessed at the end of the action plan cycle.|
|6. Increase legal knowledge of the target group through multistakeholder legal guide
Distribute legal information to marginalized communities through customized formats such as cartoons, video, radio, and text.
|This commitment promises to improve citizens’ legal knowledge through various accessible formats. These efforts are most impactful if implemented within a larger legal aid ecosystem that includes increased Accessible justice systems – both formal and informal – ensure that individuals and communities with legal needs know where to go for help, obtain the help they need, and move through a system tha... More services. Additionally, channels for citizens to submit complaints about legal services would further advance access to To address barriers that prevent citizens from having their justice needs met, OGP participating governments are working to expand transparency, accountability, and inclusion into all systems of justi... in Mongolia.||Note: this will be assessed at the end of the action plan cycle.|
|10. Transparency of beneficial owners
Pass Creating and passing legislation is one of the most effective ways of ensuring open government reforms have long-lasting effects on government practices. Technical specifications: Act of creating or r... on extractive sector transparency, collect and disclose beneficial ownership information, and raise awareness to improve compliance of companies in reporting their beneficial ownership data.
|The Cabinet Secretariat could expand beneficial ownership transparency reforms beyond the extractive sector. Measures are needed to advance the use of standards to ensure data quality and interoperability and engage citizens, civil society, and the Governments are working to open private sector practices as well — including through beneficial ownership transparency, open contracting, and regulating environmental standards. Technical specificat... in monitoring and implementing the framework.||Note: this will be assessed at the end of the action plan cycle.|
IRM recommendations aim to inform the development of the next action plan and guide implementation of the current action plan. Please refer to Section V: General Recommendations for more details on each of the below recommendations.
Table 3. Five Key IRM Recommendations
|Reactivate and formalize OGP structures including a national multistakeholder forum and thematic working groups|
|Establish a publicly accessible OGP Access to relevant information is essential for enabling participation and ensuring accountability throughout the OGP process. An OGP repository is an online centralized website, webpage, platform or ... and provide Ongoing dialogue between stakeholders during the development of an OGP action plan is critical to the plan’s success. Specifically, communicating back to stakeholders the ideas received and decision... on the content of the future action plan|
|Develop and scale up initiatives on According to OGP’s Articles of Governance, citizen participation occurs when “governments seek to mobilize citizens to engage in public debate, provide input, and make contributions that lead to m... More in areas of public service delivery, including health and Accountability within the public education system is key to improving outcomes and attainment, and accountability is nearly impossible without transparent policies and opportunities for participation ...|
|Strengthen the anti-corruption framework by improving civil society and media organizations’ participation and oversight in the work of the Independent Authority Against Corruption|
|Advance Beneficial Ownership Transparency by ensuring wide coverage, interoperable data, and opportunities for multistakeholder engagement|
[i] Open Government Partnership, According to OGP’s Articles of Governance, OGP participating countries are expected to consistently and continually advance open government for the well-being of their citizens. This includes develo..., https://www.opengovpartnership.org/procedural-review/