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Ukraine

open standard for e-system (UA0071)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Ukraine Third National Action Plan 2016-2018

Action Plan Cycle: 2018

Status: Active

Institutions

Lead Institution: MoJ MoE Antimonopoly Committee of Ukraine

Support Institution(s): SETAM, Prozorro.Sales, Government-Civic Initiative “Together against Corruption,” Transparency International Ukraine, other CSOs and international organizations (upon their consent)

Policy Areas

E-Government, Legislation & Regulation

IRM Review

IRM Report: Pending IRM Review

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Pending IRM Review

Relevant to OGP Values: Not Relevant

Potential Impact: Pending IRM Review

Implementation i

Completion: Pending IRM Review

Description

Introducing open standards of operation of the E-system of selling arrested assets
Lack of competition in selling the arrested assets through online auction creates space for corruption risks and makes civic control impossible.
The Ministry of Justice (MoJ), Ministry of Economy, State-run Enterprise “SETAM” (E-System of Selling Arrested Assets), and Government-Civic Initiative “Together
Against Corruption” signed a Memorandum/roadmap on cooperation in the field of selling arrested assets that aims to ensure transparent, competitive-based and
favourable environment for selling assets that was arrested by courts.
On 18 June 2018, the MoJ adopted the Order # 1859/5 on amending the Procedure of Selling Arrested Assets that enabled and regulated the procedure of letting
economic entities irrespective of the form of ownership and individual entrepreneurs to use an electronic resource which is a part of the online auction system through
5
agent and partner agreements. Moreover, the amendments formalized the procedure of interaction between e-platforms by opening the API that proves that the
environment for e-selling of arrested assets within the framework of executive proceedings is indeed competitive.
Engaging independent platforms will enable economic entities irrespective of the form of ownership and individual entrepreneurs to conduct online auctions to sell
arrested assets. In its turn, SETAM got the status of ProZorro.Sales operator letting SETAM to sell small privatization targets and assets of banks that are liquidated.
Actions Responsible Timeframe Partners Indicator
1. Monitoring and evaluation
of the operation of “partner
agreements” and an updated
Procedure of Selling Arrested
Assets
MoJ
MoE
Antimonopoly Committee
of Ukraine
December 2018 – March
2019
SETAM,
Prozorro.Sales,
Government-Civic Initiative “Together against
Corruption,”
Transparency International Ukraine,
other CSOs and international organizations
(upon their consent)
Findings on the operation of
“partner agreements” are
summarized, and amendments to
the Procedure of Selling Arrested
Assets made
2. Update of the Procedure of
Selling Arrested Assets based
on the findings of monitoring
and evaluation
MoJ
MoE
Antimonopoly Committee
of Ukraine
June 2019 SETAM,
Prozorro.Sales,
Government-Civic Initiative “Together against
Corruption,”
Transparency International Ukraine,
other CSOs and international organizations
(upon their consent)
Procedure of Selling Arrested
Assets amended based on the
evaluation of efficiency of
“partner agreements”
3. Producing the Terms of
reference on improving the esystem of selling arrested
assets, conducting the
respective tender
-//- 1
st quarter of 2019 -//- The respective ToR drafted,
tender for improving the esystem of selling arrested assets
conducted
4. Improving the e-system of
selling arrested assets
MoJ
MoE
Antimonopoly Committee
of Ukraine
February 2019 SETAM,
Prozorro.Sales,
Government-Civic Initiative “Together against
Corruption,”
E-system of selling arrested assets
improved and tested
6
Transparency International Ukraine,
other CSOs and international organizations
(upon their consent)
5. Distribution of functions of
administrator of central
database of online auction
system and auction organizer,
transferring the system to the
respective administrator
May 2019 Administrator of central database
of online auction system and
auction organizer identified,
system transferred to the
administrator
Expected results of this activity are creating transparent, competitive-based and favourable environment for organization and e-selling of assets that was arrested by
during the enforcement of court decisions and decisions of other authorities/officials that will reduce time for selling these assets and improve efficiency of enforcement
of court decisions and decisions of other authorities/officials.

IRM Midterm Status Summary

11. Create a 'Community policing' system

Commitment Text:

Creation of a 'Community policing' system

Expected results: Training of patrol policemen, district policemen, juvenile prevention inspectors and inspectors of patrol police response groups in the principles of community policing (December 2017). Holding of information campaigns on matters related to community policing among the populace (June 2018). Establishment of citizen advisory groups in urban settlements (June 2018). Creation and launch of online resources for police and community support and cooperation (2017). Implementation of the 'School and Police' project (June 2018).

Responsible institutions: National Police, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Ministry of Education and Science, Regional and Kyiv Municipal State administrations.

Supporting institutions: European Union Advisory Mission in Ukraine (EUAM), IREX International organization, Dream Kyiv non-governmental organization, other civil society institutions and international organizations (by consent).

Start date: December 2016 End date: June 2018

Context and Objectives

The primary local form of law enforcement in Ukraine is the police, which has had a negative perception among the Ukrainian population. According to a 2017 poll by the Razumkov Center, over 50 percent of Ukrainians express no or little trust in the police, while 34 percent report full or even partial trust in the police.[Note278: Razumkov Center The Attitude of the Citizens of Ukraine towards Social Institutions, Electoral Attitudes: The Results of Sociological Research, April 2017, http://razumkov.org.ua/uploads/socio/Press0417.pdf.] This is notable, given that a 2016 survey had found significant increases in public trust for the police where recent police reforms had been undertaken by the government.[Note279: Katie Laroque, 'One Year Later, Ukraine’s Patrol Police Enjoy Massive Spike in Trust,' Atlantic Council, 11 May 2016, http://www.atlanticcouncil.org/blogs/ukrainealert/one-year-later-ukraine-s-patrol-police-enjoy-massive-spike-in-trust.]

This commitment seeks to engage with further reform efforts by promoting community policing. This new system would provide training for patrol and district police, as well as for juvenile delinquency prevention inspectors and patrol police inspectors. The new system also calls for holding public awareness campaigns, developing citizen advisory groups in cities, establishing online resources for communities, and implementing projects in schools.

Overall, the specificity of this commitment is medium. Broadly speaking, the key intention is increasing public trust in policing. The commitment provides some specificity on the nature of the reforms. However, the commitment lacks clarity on the nature of community policing, the purpose and mandate of citizen advisory groups, and the kind of online resources that will be provided; the commitment does not describe how many trainings will take place, what kind of campaign will be promoted, or what form the advisory groups might take. The commitment names one particular program—the School and Police project—but­ does not provide details.

The commitment mixes civic participation and trust-building by increasing access to information and engaging in public awareness campaigns. A community policing approach aims to increase public trust. Trainings in particular are designed to improve interactions between the police and the public, and to better enable fruitful mutual understanding.[Note280: Oleh Maksymchuk (National Police of Ukraine), interview by IRM researcher, 19 September 2017.] This effort to improve the activity of Ukrainian police occurs alongside the public awareness campaign. That campaign seeks to educate citizens on the mandate of the police and the rights and duties of citizens.[Note281: Oleh Maksymchuk (National Police of Ukraine), interview by IRM researcher, 19 September 2017.]

The potential impact of this commitment is moderate. Conversations with representatives of the National Police suggest that the School and Police project is designed to help children perceive police as helpers and know what to do in risky situations.[Note282: Oleh Maksymchuk (National Police of Ukraine), interview by IRM researcher, 19 September 2017.] Involved stakeholders noted several different goals for this commitment. National Police representatives stressed the educational component as necessary to better ensure citizens are aware of the role and goals of law enforcement as an institution. The education component will be achieved through high school instruction and awareness campaigns in print and online, and on TV.[Note283: Oleh Maksymchuk (National Police of Ukraine), interview by IRM researcher, 19 September 2017.] Most importantly, the National Police believe that this increase in knowledge and subsequent trust will decrease the number of crimes committed and enhance security.[Note284: Oleh Maksymchuk (National Police of Ukraine), interview by IRM researcher, 19 September 2017.]

Engaged civil society groups noted that community policing suggests a philosophy of combining police, local governments, business, and the broader public as stakeholders in public security provision.[Note285: Uliana Shadska (Expert Center for Human Rights), interview by IRM researcher, 18 September 2017.] They note that this effort would be completed especially through advisory groups. This philosophy contrasts with previous relations between the public and law enforcement.

Completion

According to the government’s self-assessment report, the police have completed an unspecified number of trainings for police in six regions. The police were still conducting trainings in three other regions and had educated 614 trainer police in community policing.[Note286: 'The Interim Report on the Realization of the Action Plan for the Implementation of the Open Government Partnership Initiative in 2016–2018,' Civil Society and Authorities: Governmental Website, accessed 13 September 2017, (link no longer accessible as of 25 April 2018) http://civic.kmu.gov.ua/consult_mvc_kmu/uploads/attach-3467-910681586.doc. ]

No significant media campaign has taken place. Instead, the National Police have focused on organizing meetings between the police and both civil society representatives and the broader public. To date, 1,261 meetings have taken place.[Note287: Oleh Maksymchuk (National Police of Ukraine), interview by IRM researcher, 19 September 2017.] Results of these meetings are unclear.

The government’s self-assessment report indicates that within the time frame of this commitment, the police have conducted as many as 9,523 instructional classes in Ukrainian high schools.[Note288: 'The Interim Report on the Realization of the Action Plan for the Implementation of the Open Government Partnership Initiative in 2016–2018,' Civil Society and Authorities: Governmental Website, accessed 13 September 2017, (link no longer accessible as of 25 April 2018) http://civic.kmu.gov.ua/consult_mvc_kmu/uploads/attach-3467-910681586.doc. ] A National Police representative highlighted a module in the School and Police project called the School Police Officer. The module involves a patrol officer visiting the school and scheduling conversations with students.[Note289: 'September 1, Police Will Patrol School,' Ukraine Today, 1 Sept 2016, http://en.reporter-ua.ru/september-1-police-will-patrol-school.html.] Additionally, the program seeks to ensure a sense of community buy-in by showing readiness to prevent crime in schools. This program has been deemed positive by an overwhelming majority of parents and children.[Note290: Oleh Maksymchuk (National Police of Ukraine), interview by IRM researcher, 19 September 2017.] A civil society expert also praised this school initiative.[Note291: Uliana Shadska (Expert Center for Human Rights), interview by IRM researcher, 18 September 2017.] The Nation Police adopted the module from a previously successful Canadian police reform that had been tested on a small scale as early as 2013.[Note292: 'Police Officers and Teachers Joined Together for the Kids' Security,' National Police, (link no longer accessible as of 25 April 2018) https://hr.npu.gov.ua/mvs/control/main/en/publish/article/823285. ] As of 2017, the module has been implemented in Kyiv, Lviv, Odesa, and the Ivano-Frankivsk regions.[Note293: 'In Four Cities of Ukraine, as Part of the Pilot Project, School Police Officers Appeared' News.pn, 1 September 2016, https://news.pn/en/public/167394.]

Among the milestones with more limited completion is the launch of unspecified online resources to aid both the police and the public. Under this milestone, the National Police conducted a small pilot program in Kyiv. Using funds provided by the International Renaissance Foundation,[Note294: International Renaissance Foundation, Interaction of the Police and Citizens, http://www.irf.ua/content/files/com_pol.pdf.] in March 2017, the National Police began a project to elicit public feedback using a Facebook page called 'Secure Community.'[Note295: 'Secure Community,' Facebook, https://www.facebook.com/bezpechna.gromada/?ref=br_rs.] The page received 397 appeals by the public to redress a variety of issues regarding local policing.[Note296: Oleh Maksymchuk (National Police of Ukraine), interview by IRM researcher, 19 September 2017.]

The National Police have not begun to form citizen advisory groups. Police attribute the inaction to the failure of civil society or other citizen groups to initiate contact.[Note297: Oleh Maksymchuk (National Police of Ukraine), interview by IRM researcher, 19 September 2017.] Civil society representatives suggest that, in part, this is due to the nature of the commitment. Civil society perceives the commitment to be top down in its orientation, but they note that explicit reference in the commitment text to involve local authorities in the formation of the citizen advisory groups would be helpful.[Note298: Uliana Shadska (Expert Center for Human Rights), interview by IRM researcher, 18 September 2017.]

Next Steps

Although some activities under this commitment have seen significant progress, others have been either stalled or have been implemented to a limited extent. Trainings to provide the necessary skills for positive relations between police and the public have been successful, as have public awareness campaigns through the educational initiative. The IRM researcher recommends that the government install thorough evaluation mechanisms to ensure that the trainings are having a sustained impact. The evaluation mechanisms will also ensure that the public informational campaigns are helping to change public perceptions.

Additionally, the IRM researcher notes that, so far, there is no evidence of engagement in actual joint community policing projects outside of schools. Such efforts would naturally fit under the civic advisory board milestone. Trainings by the National Police should continue, and the School and Police project should be expanded.


Ukraine's Commitments

  1. Infrastructure data portal

    UA0070, 2018, E-Government

  2. open standard for e-system

    UA0071, 2018, E-Government

  3. Ensuring openness and transparency of selling public assets and property

    UA0072, 2018, E-Government

  4. Transparency in public procurement (Prozorro)

    UA0073, 2018, E-Government

  5. Awarenss raising about social and economic development

    UA0074, 2018, Aid

  6. e-calls for proposals to support CSOs

    UA0075, 2018, Civic Space

  7. Beneficial ownership registry

    UA0076, 2018, Beneficial Ownership

  8. Anti-corruption Training

    UA0077, 2018, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  9. Publishing environmental information

    UA0078, 2018, E-Government

  10. Database of natural resources

    UA0079, 2018, E-Government

  11. Interactive map of mines

    UA0080, 2018, E-Government

  12. Priority electronic services

    UA0081, 2018, Citizenship and Immigration

  13. online platform for executive bodies and CSOs

    UA0082, 2018, Civic Space

  14. EITI online data

    UA0083, 2018, E-Government

  15. electronic resources for education

    UA0084, 2018, E-Government

  16. online verification of education certificates

    UA0085, 2018, E-Government

  17. Free access to national repository for academic texts

    UA0086, 2018, E-Government

  18. Administrative Service Decentrilisation and Improvement

    UA0057, 2016, Capacity Building

  19. United State Portal Extension; Electronic Government Information Services Unification; Modern Tools for Electronic Identification

    UA0058, 2016, Capacity Building

  20. System for Entities Performing Government Functions

    UA0059, 2016, Capacity Building

  21. Free Urban Planning Documentation

    UA0060, 2016, E-Government

  22. Beneficial Ownership Verification System

    UA0061, 2016, Beneficial Ownership

  23. CoST Beneficial Ownership Standards

    UA0062, 2016, E-Government

  24. Transpartent Budget System

    UA0063, 2016,

  25. Starred commitment Open Public Procurement

    UA0064, 2016, Capacity Building

  26. Starred commitment Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative

    UA0065, 2016, Extractive Industries

  27. Environmental Public Monitoring

    UA0066, 2016, Environment and Climate

  28. Community Policing System

    UA0067, 2016, Education

  29. Draft Law on Public Consultations

    UA0068, 2016, Legislation & Regulation

  30. Development of E-democracy.

    UA0069, 2016,

  31. Improve government rules on CSO involvement

    UA0031, 2014, E-Government

  32. Financing of charities

    UA0032, 2014, Civic Space

  33. Not-for-profit status for CSOs

    UA0033, 2014, Civic Space

  34. Public participation law

    UA0034, 2014, E-Government

  35. Establishing Rules on Processing Official Information

    UA0035, 2014, E-Government

  36. Access to Urban Planning Documents

    UA0036, 2014, E-Government

  37. Starred commitment Access to Communist-Era Archives

    UA0037, 2014, Legislation & Regulation

  38. Starred commitment Draft law on open data

    UA0038, 2014, Legislation & Regulation

  39. Starred commitment Supervisory mechanism for the right to information

    UA0039, 2014, Legislation & Regulation

  40. Compliance with EITI

    UA0040, 2014, Extractive Industries

  41. Monitoring of infrastructure projects

    UA0041, 2014, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  42. Adopt regional anti-corruption programmes

    UA0042, 2014, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  43. Corruption risk assessment methodology

    UA0043, 2014, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  44. Starred commitment Asset disclosure on a single web portal

    UA0044, 2014, Asset Disclosure

  45. Law on administrative procedure

    UA0045, 2014, Legislation & Regulation

  46. Law on streamlining payment of administrative fees

    UA0046, 2014, E-Government

  47. Administrative services portal

    UA0047, 2014, E-Government

  48. Draft law on decentralisation of administrative services

    UA0048, 2014, Legislation & Regulation

  49. Draft law on social services

    UA0049, 2014, E-Government

  50. e-Government laws

    UA0050, 2014, E-Government

  51. Electronic readiness assessment

    UA0051, 2014, E-Government

  52. Government regulations on open data

    UA0052, 2014, E-Government

  53. Electronic democracy development roadmap

    UA0053, 2014, E-Government

  54. Open budget initiatives

    UA0054, 2014, E-Government

  55. e-Petitions

    UA0055, 2014, E-Government

  56. e-Governance training for local government

    UA0056, 2014, Capacity Building

  57. Laws on public participation

    UA0001, 2012, Civic Space

  58. Amendments to the law on community associations

    UA0002, 2012, Civic Space

  59. Amendments to resolutions on collaboration with civil society

    UA0003, 2012, E-Government

  60. Training for public servants on consultations

    UA0004, 2012, Capacity Building

  61. Harmonisation of access to information laws

    UA0005, 2012, E-Government

  62. By-laws on access to information

    UA0006, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  63. Guidelines for classifying data

    UA0007, 2012, Public Participation

  64. Public information recording systems

    UA0008, 2012, Records Management

  65. Law on public broadcasting

    UA0009, 2012, Civic Space

  66. Public access to information in state registers

    UA0010, 2012, E-Government

  67. Starred commitment Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative

    UA0011, 2012, E-Government

  68. Law for controlling declarations of public servants

    UA0012, 2012, Asset Disclosure

  69. Public declarations of officials’ assets

    UA0013, 2012, Asset Disclosure

  70. Guidelines on conflicts of interest

    UA0014, 2012, Conflicts of Interest

  71. Updated anti-corruption laws

    UA0015, 2012, E-Government

  72. Regional anti-corruption programmes

    UA0016, 2012, E-Government

  73. Law on competitive e-government procurement

    UA0017, 2012, E-Government

  74. Starred commitment Administrative services reforms

    UA0018, 2012, E-Government

  75. Electronic access to administrative services

    UA0019, 2012, E-Government

  76. Governmental web portal of administrative services

    UA0020, 2012, E-Government

  77. Administrative services in a digital format

    UA0021, 2012,

  78. Starred commitment Regional administrative service centres

    UA0022, 2012, Public Service Delivery

  79. Programme for promotion of e-government

    UA0023, 2012, E-Government

  80. Electronic collaboration between executive agencies

    UA0024, 2012,

  81. Web-based petitions system

    UA0025, 2012,

  82. One stop shop for e-Reporting

    UA0026, 2012, E-Government

  83. E-region pilot project

    UA0027, 2012, E-Government

  84. Network of e-government practitioners

    UA0028, 2012, Public Participation

  85. Public libraries as bridges towards e-governance

    UA0029, 2012, E-Government

  86. E-government knowledge management portal

    UA0030, 2012,