Chile Design Report 2018-2020
This report assesses the design process of Chile’s fourth OGP action plan, which was developed during the first semester of 2018. The plan stands out for the innovative participation model the multi-stakeholder forum (Open Government Committee) adopted and for the creation of networks of civil society and academic stakeholders to participate in the forum. However, overall, commitments do not include sufficient information to clarify the expected outcome, limiting their ambition. During the implementation phase, the IRM recommends broadening the reach of the commitments’ activities beyond disclosing information and creating consultation systems and feedback mechanisms.
|Table 1. At a glance
Member since: 2011
Action plan under review: 2018-2020
Type of report: Design
Number of commitments: 12
Action plan development
Is there a multi-stakeholder forum? Yes
Level of public influence: Collaboration
Acted contrary to OGP process: No
Action plan design
Commitments that are relevant to OGP values: 9 (75%)
Transformative commitments: 0 (0%)
Potentially starred: 0 (0%)
Action plan implementation
Starred commitments: N/A
Completes commitments: N/A
Commitments with significant DIOG*: N/A
Commitments with exceptional DIOG*: N/A
*DIOG: Did it open the government?
The Open Government Partnership (OGP) is a global partnership that brings together government reformers and civil society leaders to create action plans that make governments more inclusive, responsive, and accountable. The Independent Reporting Mechanism (IRM) monitors all action plans to ensure governments follow through on commitments. Chile joined OGP in 2011. Since, Chile has implemented three action plans. This country evaluates the design of Chile’s fourth action plan.
General overview of action plan
The current action plan was developed during the first semester of 2018. On the one hand, Chile ranks as one of the top countries in Latin America in terms of individual liberties, institutional performance, openness, and probity, and, on the other, corruption cases continue to arise and trust continues to decline.
The design and development of the plan show significant improvement as compared with previous plans, despite the fact that it was developed while a change of government was taking place. Chile created the Open Government Committee, a multi-stakeholder forum institutionalized by ministerial resolution that serves as a space for the collaboration between the Government and civil society organizations for the co-creation and monitoring of the action plans. Networks of non-governmental stakeholders stand out, as they defined formal structures with clear rules and ongoing communication.
However, the plan does not include potentially starred commitments, partly due to the difficulties that inclusive processes entail. During the implementation period, the government should achieve greater citizen participation, beyond solely consulting them or informing them about actions taken by the State.
Regardless, the current action plan shows solid growth in the OGP process and institutionalization that can be consolidated by setting goals that are more ambitious and more relevant to OGP values.
Table 2: Noteworthy commitments
|Commitment description||Moving forward||Status at the end of the implementation cycle|
Strengthen capacities for inclusive services
|Consider engaging civil society organizations that represent persons with disabilities and broaden the focus to include additional groups (indigenous peoples, senior citizens)||Note: This will be assessed at the end of the action plan cycle.
In a collaborative manner, develop a policy proposal to create a register of company beneficial ownership
|The IRM recommends (1) clarifying the level of citizen engagement in the process of creating the report and the register, (2) setting clear transparency and access to information parameters for the design and implementation of the register, considering recommendations presented by international organizations, and (3) creating the registry in an open data format to allow for interoperability with other databases||Note: This will be assessed at the end of the action plan cycle.|
|Commitment 4. Broadening and deepening the Municipal Open Government Model||The IRM recommends engaging other government agencies that work with municipalities (SUBDERE, DOS, etc.), guaranteeing the active engagement of municipalities, and to better communicate the model to the municipalities and the citizenry.||Note: This will be assessed at the end of the action plan cycle.|
The IRM recommendations aim to inform the development of the next action plan and guide implementation of the current action plan. Please refer to Section V: General Recommendations for more details on each of the below recommendations.
Table 3. Five KEY IRM Recommendations
|Develop a clear strategy to engage government entities in the co-creation process and to communicate with the Committee members|
|Consider strategically engaging stakeholders that currently do not participate in the process, such as civil society networks and academic institutions.|
|Increase the relevance of commitments to OGP values|
|Increase the potential impact of commitments, adjusting the commitment prioritization process and creating spaces for experts to provide input to the milestone drafting|
|Focus actions on engaging, rather than informing|