Czech Republic Results Report 2020-2022
- Action Plan: Czech Republic Action Plan 2020-2022
- Dates Under Review: 2020-2022
- Report Publication Year: 2023
The 2020–2022 Action plans are at the core of a government’s participation in OGP. They are the product of a co-creation process in which government and civil society jointly develop commitments to open governmen... of the Czech Republic yielded Early results refer to concrete changes in government practice related to transparency, citizen participation, and/or public accountability as a result of a commitment’s implementation. OGP’s Inde... in judicial According to OGP’s Articles of Governance, transparency occurs when “government-held information (including on activities and decisions) is open, comprehensive, timely, freely available to the pub... More and whistleblower protection. While implementation of several commitments was transferred to the next action plan, new synergies were built between public administration and civil society.
Commitments 1 and 2 on judicial transparency and whistleblower protection, flagged in the Action Plan Review as promising, yielded early results. The remaining commitments were either not fully implemented (Commitments 3 and 4) or their results have not yet manifested (OGP commitments are promises for reform co-created by governments and civil society and submitted as part of an action plan. Commitments typically include a description of the problem, concrete action... 5).
Major results were achieved in judicial transparency (Commitment 1). At the end of the implementation period, more than 350,000 decisions of district, regional, and high courts were published in the new database administered by the Ministry of To address barriers that prevent citizens from having their justice needs met, OGP participating governments are working to expand transparency, accountability, and inclusion into all systems of justi.... Enactment of a law obliging the courts to publish the selected decision facilitated success.
On whistleblowing protection, only marginal results were accomplished (Commitment 2). The public administration’s active approach in adopting methodological guidance, training, and support to public bodies in establishing internal reporting mechanisms somewhat compensated for the protracted process of adopting the new whistleblower Creating and passing legislation is one of the most effective ways of ensuring open government reforms have long-lasting effects on government practices. Technical specifications: Act of creating or r.... Cooperation with civil society organizations (CSOs) and the impending deadline of the EU Whistleblower Directive’s transposition proved crucial in achieving these results. The marginal results in whistleblower protection are owed to the redrafting of the new act on whistleblower protection after the 2021 parliamentary elections. Public-awareness activities linked to the adoption of the new bill were delayed accordingly.
Implementers must follow through on their commitments for them to achieve impact. For each commitment, OGP’s Independent Reporting Mechanism (IRM) evaluates the degree to which the activities outlin...
Out of five commitments included in the 2020–2022 action plan, only two were fully implemented. The improvement is most remarkable in judicial transparency (Commitment 1) where implementation progress was lacking in previous years due to technical and budgetary constraints. The obligation to publish court decisions in law and the long-term efforts of all stakeholders were behind the success of judicial transparency. Commitment 5, on public grant transparency, was completed ahead of schedule, but it was of a consultative nature, mapping waters for more meaningful future reform. Commitment 2, on whistleblower protection, had limited implementation. Commitment 4, on participation in decision-making, had substantial completion. Here, the active participation of CSOs and good practice of shared the role of chair in the working committee yielded concrete outcomes in the form of a methodology that is accepted by all stakeholders. Commitment 3, on By opening up data and making it sharable and reusable, governments can enable informed debate, better decision making, and the development of innovative new services. Technical specifications: Polici... in Accountability within the public education system is key to improving outcomes and attainment, and accountability is nearly impossible without transparent policies and opportunities for participation ..., was transferred to the next action plan with a new implementation strategy.
The length of Transparency in the procurement process can help combat corruption and waste that plagues a significant portion of public procurement budgets globally. Technical specifications: Commitments enhancing ... procedures is among the main factors blocking substantial progress of commitment implementation. A complete revamp of the implementation strategy in open data in education and subsequent procurement delayed implementation of Commitment 3. Similarly, public procurement for the public-awareness campaign for Commitment 2 is ongoing. The decision to link the campaign to the adoption of new legislation has hampered implementation of planned activities.
Participation and Co-Creation
The The Open Government Partnership (OGP) is a multi-stakeholder initiative focused on improving government transparency, ensuring opportunities for citizen participation in public matters, and strengthen... More contact point remained with the Anti-Corruption Unit of the Ministry of Justice. As in the previous implementation period, the Regular dialogue between government and civil society is a core element of OGP participation. It builds trust, promotes joint problem-solving, and empowers civil society to influence the design, imple... (MSF) meets as the Working Commission on Open Government and State Administration Transparency once every three months to discuss and oversee the implementation of the action plan. No major innovations were adopted in the Collaboration between government, civil society and other stakeholders (e.g., citizens, academics, private sector) is at the heart of the OGP process. Participating governments must ensure that a dive... or MSF’s functioning. While the co-creation process of the 2020–2022 action plan has not attracted many stakeholders outside the already engaged actors, new synergies between public administration and CSOs were formed during implementation of commitments on whistleblower protection and public engagement in decision-making (Commitments 2 and 4). The agency implementing Commitment 4 tested (as a new practice) and saw good results with sharing the role of chair of the working committee between CSOs and public administration.
Implementation in Context
The 2021 parliamentary elections impacted the implementation of multiple commitments. Commitment 2 was particularly affected, as the expiry of the deputies’ mandate led to a delay of more than a year in implementation and the redrafting of the draft bill on whistleblower protection. Civil society criticized the redraft of the whistleblowing law. A complete change in implementation strategy, in terms of sources of financing and scheduling, has moved Commitment 3 on open data in education to the next action plan. The interviewed stakeholders mentioned the administrative challenges of public procurement, limited personal capacity, and budgetary constraints as common factors hindering meaningful reforms. From among the public administration bodies, the OGP process is dominated by the Ministry of Justice, which was responsible for the implementation of four out of five commitments in the 2020–2022 action plan. While political commitment to the OGP process is necessary, a fresh approach to engaging a more diverse set of public bodies, experts, and CSOs could strengthen open government projects.
 IRM, Czech Republic Transitional Results Report 2018–2020, https://www.opengovpartnership.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/09/Czech-Republic_Transitional-Results_Report_2018-2020_EN.pdf.
 Jan Dupák (Transparency International), information provided to IRM during prepublication period, 14 April 2023.
 František Kučera, and Johana Trešlová (Anti-Corruption Unit, Ministry of Justice), interview with IRM, 13 February 2023; Přemysl Sezemský (Ministry of Justice), interview with IRM, 21 February 2023; Lukáš Kraus (Frank Bold), interview with IRM, 20 February 2023.