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Latvia

Open Data (LV0041)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Latvia Action Plan 2019-2021

Action Plan Cycle: 2019

Status: Active

Institutions

Lead Institution: Ministry of Environmental Protection and Regional Development

Support Institution(s): State and municipal institutions Ministry of Justice, LR Business Register, FinanceMinistry, Procurement Monitoring Bureau, OverseasCoordination Center, Anti - Corruption andAnti-Bureau, Treasury, State RevenueService, Court Administration, National HealthService, State Chancellery, Education and Science Ministry Representatives of the society Society for Transparency - Delna, PublicPolicy Center PROVIDUS ”, Latvian Local GovernmentUnion, Latvian Open Technology Association,Open Society Partnership in Latvia

Policy Areas

Access to Information, Anti-Corruption, Asset Disclosure, E-Government, Education, Fiscal Openness, Health, Judiciary, Justice, Open Data, Open Justice, Political Integrity, Public Procurement, Public Service Delivery, Publication of Budget/Fiscal Information, Sustainable Development Goals, Tax

IRM Review

IRM Report: Latvia Design Report 2019-2021

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Pending IRM Review

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion: Pending IRM Review

Description

What are the major national and societal challenges that this commitment will address?
Significant progress was made in the implementation of Latvia's Third National Open Governance Action Plan Open Data Portal - Latvian Open Data Portal was created data.gov.lv and new data published sets, guidelines for supporting open data publishers, and a set of priority data sets to be openedthe definition shall involve the information and communication technologies industry.During the development of this Action Plan, in collaboration with the public, it was found that open dataThere are still a number of data corruption cases that are important for public disclosurecombating, legal, financial, budget, government payments, tax and government activitiesin the area of ​​transparency. If the information were more widely available in the form of open data, it would provide the public the opportunity to analyze data and engage in improving public governance processes to reduce corruptionrisks and fostering trust in public administration.According to the Freedom of Information Law, Article 10, paragraph 2, 1 part of the open data approach applies only togenerally available information will be taken into account when assessing the widest possible access to databoth personal data protection and other regulatory requirements, in case of uncertainties, requestEvaluation of the Data State Inspectorate.

What is the commitment?
Commitment is the opening of , and within the framework of, significant data setsmore extensive data will be evaluated in cooperation with data set holders and members of the publicOpening opportunities in the following areas:
1. Tax payment: SRS paid by taxpayers (merchants) in the tax yeartotal amount of taxes administered (State Revenue Service)
2. Publicly available parts of government officials' declarations, including the Statethe President, the Members of the Saeima, the Prime Minister, the Deputy Prime Minister,Minister of Special Assignments, Parliamentary Secretary and Deputy Town Councilordeclarations of officials (State Revenue Service)
3. Political party finances and donations to the parties (Prevention of and Fight against Corruption)office)
4. Payments of State Budget Expenditure * (Treasury)
5. Information on the implementation of the budgets of the national regulatory authorities ** (Treasury)
6. Court work, speed in courts, instances and categories of cases, work of judges (Courtadministration)
7. Work of medical institutions and queues for services, work of doctors, financingbreakdowns and other data to analyze and improve health sector governance health service)
8. Complaints about purchases, violations of procurement practices appliedadministrative penalties (Procurement Monitoring Bureau)
9. Field of education: educational institutions, number of students in educational institutions, number of studentsin higher education institutions, the number and distribution of academic staff,accredited education programs, including higher education (Education and Scienceministry)
10. Human Resources and Remuneration in Public Administration, Payroll Accounting System (AUS) Open Datamodel development (State Chancellery)

After evaluating the datasets, recommendations will be developed defining data for each datasetthe extent of the opening, the steps required for opening the data and the time limits, if any,proposals for amendments to regulatory enactments that ensure the opening of data.Recommendations will be developed taking into account the availability of open data in each area and the opening of dataplans, respecting personal data and other data protection requirements and world best practicesareas for data opening.The commitment is to make the open data in these areas as accessible as possible.

How will the commitment help to address the issues identified?
The commitment will initially be implemented under the leadership of MEPRD, in consultation with the parties concerneddevelop recommendations for opening data sets.More open data will build trust in public administration and enable everyone to get involved andensure transparency of public sector activities.

Why is this commitment consistent with OGP values?
The commitment shall comply with the following OGP values:
• openness , by providing more information to the public and helping to improve itquality of information provided and availability of information;
• accountability , as it focuses on the accountability of public authorities for decisions made and decisions taken.

Additional informationA
vailable commitment ornecessary financing
Recommendations will be developed to assess whether datathe opening of the clusters will be provided by the State grantedbudget or will require additional fundingfunding, including which data sets to opennecessary. Accordingly, the question of what is necessaryadditional state budget funding is available in 2021in the budget preparation process.

Relationship with other documents
Opening of data is based on informative report “ LatvianOpen Data Strategy, ” which sets out to move towards the principle"Open by default" implementation of public administration.

Compliance with UN sustainable developmentgoals
Data opening is in line with the UN Sustainable DevelopmentGoal 16 - Promote peaceful and inclusivefor a sustainable society, to ensure a justaccess to justice for all and create effective,responsible and inclusive institutions at all levels'(16.6. Develop effective, accountable and transparentinstitutions at all levels; 16.10 ensure publicaccess to information and protection of fundamental freedoms under thewith national legislation and internationalagreements)

IRM Midterm Status Summary

2. Opening of data sets important to the freedom of information

Main Objective

The commitment constitutes opening of the data sets of importance to the freedom of information, and involves, in cooperation with the holders of data sets and representatives of the public, evaluation of wider possibilities for the opening of data in the following areas:

  1. Payment of taxes: the total amount of taxes paid by taxpayers (merchants) in the taxation year and administered by the SRS (State Revenue Service);
  2. The publicly accessible parts of the declarations of public officials submitted by the public officials, including the President, members of the Saeima, the Prime Minister, the Deputy Prime Minister, ministers, ministers for special assignments, Parliamentary Secretaries, and declarations of public officials of councillors of councils of republic cities (State Revenue Service);
  3. Finances of political parties and donations to parties (Corruption Prevention and Combating Bureau);
  4. Payments of the State budget expenditure* (Treasury);
  5. Information regarding the implementation of budgets of State administration institutions** (Treasury);
  6. Work of courts, speed in courthouses, instances, and types of cases, work of judges (Court Administration);
  7. Work of medical treatment institutions and waiting times for services, work of doctors, allocation of funding and other data which allow to analyse and improve management of the health sector (National Health Service);
  8. Complaints on procurements, on administrative sanctions imposed for infringements in procurement activities (Procurement Monitoring Bureau);
  9. Field of education: educational institutions, number of educatees in educational institutions, number of students in higher education institutions, number of the academic staff and their division according to positions, accredited educational programmes, including higher education programmes (Ministry of Education and Science);
  10. Human resources and remuneration in State administration, development of open data model for the remuneration registration system (RRS) (State Chancellery).

Milestones

  1. Evaluation of data sets and development of recommendations
  2. Opening of data sets

Editorial Note: For the complete text of this commitment, please see Latvia’s action plan at: https://www.opengovpartnership.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/Latvia_Action-Plan_2019-2021_EN.pdf

IRM Design Report Assessment

Verifiable:

Yes

Relevant:

Access to Information

Potential impact:

Moderate

Commitment Analysis

This commitment aims to continue with the process of opening more data sets held by Latvian public bodies. The previous action plan contained a commitment on open data which increased the number of data sets published on Latvia’s open data portal as well as the number of publishing public institutions.

The legal framework for open data management in Latvia is shaped by the Freedom of Information Act [11] and by the Cabinet Regulation 611 [12] (2018), which prescribes institutions to publish open data at their disposal to the Open Data Portal [13] in a machine-readable format. In 2019, Latvia adopted an Open Data Strategy [14] outlining actions for an open data transformation [15] with an overall aim to follow the principle of ‘open by default’. It also made a commitment to provide grants to foster the development of data-based innovations. Many institutions, such as the Procurement Monitoring Bureau, [16] Enterprise Register [17] and the Riga City Council [18] had already opened their data before these regulations and strategies existed. The central Open Data Portal now contains 395 data sets from 76 institutions. [19] More than 75% of the local/regional governments conduct open data initiatives. [20]

Currently, most of the information within the proposed data sets is only publicly available in non-open formats. The remuneration registration system data are not publicly available at all. The information is published in a mix of formats, including .docx, .xlsx and PDF formats. For example, the Ministry of Education publishes its data on student numbers in both .xlsx and PDF formats. State budget expenditure by the Treasury and speed of courts by Court Administration uses .xlsx format, whereas KNAB data on party financing are available through an interactive online database [21] that allows the user to search data for a specific period. Overall, there is a lack of consistency in how the data are published and stored and what formats are used by different institutions. It was also noted by a ministry representative [22] that in many cases, there are also considerable technical issues to address, such as lack of suitable infrastructure to work with open data formats. [23] Not all institutions are familiar with the concept of open data, and in some cases, they may not be able to easily publish their data in the correct format. [24]

Representatives from public institutions also noted [25] that a lack of funding may present a problem to make the proposed data sets freely available, as making the data publishing automatic and training staff in using open data both bear costs. It was noted that this question would be explored when assessing the feasibility of opening the data sets.

Opening the data sets listed in the commitment is seen by the involved stakeholders [26] as an important step towards increasing government efficiency and also allowing the public to not just access to information but also to be able to reuse the data. Furthermore, opening these data sets is also seen as indirectly targeting socio-economic issues, such as reducing waiting times for health services, ensuring transparency in the educational sector and ensuring that the speed of courthouses is monitored. Political financing information has been identified as information that could be published in machine-readable formats. [27]

The first part of the commitment foresees a consultation process (reflected in milestone 1), whereby each identified data set would be evaluated in a joint discussion process between the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Regional Development (the lead ministry for this commitment) and the responsible institution. Where data are not already available to the public in open formats, the criteria for opening the data sets will be based on data sensitivity and ethical availability (e.g. whether the data set includes any medical data, personal data and other relevant information which may be seen as private), judicial criteria (e.g. protection of trade secrets), machine readability and whether the institution has the capacity to open the data. [28]

The commitment will identify the feasibility of opening data and locate obstacles to this process. If successfully implemented, this commitment will have a moderate impact, as information will be available to the public for the first time in open formats. The reform does not go as far as ensuring data are collected or published in a isstandardised way across state institutions nor foster active use of open data to boost their economic and societal impact, which might have made it a transformational commitment.

[11] Freedom of Information Law, Available at: https://likumi.lv/ta/en/id/50601-freedom-of-information-law, Last accessed: 07/06/2020.
[12] Cabinet Regulation No.611 (2018) Procedures for Publishing Information on the Internet by Institutions, Available at: https://likumi.lv/ta/en/en/id/301865, Last accessed: 26/06/2020/
[14] Cabinet of Ministers (2019) Latvian Open Data Strategy, Available at: http://tap.mk.gov.lv/lv/mk/tap/?pid=40472319, Last accessed: 07/06/2020.
[15] Cabinet of Ministers (2019) Informative statement on the Open Data Strategy, Available (in Latvian) at: http://tap.mk.gov.lv/doc/2019_08/VARAM_info_zin_dati_1308.1376.docx, Last accessed: 25/06/2020.
[16] Procurement Monitoring Bureau, Open data available at: https://www.iub.gov.lv/lv/atvertie-dati Last accessed: 14/09/2020.
[17] Enterprise Register, Open data available at: https://www.ur.gov.lv/en/specialized-information/open-data/, Last accessed: 20/06/2020.
[18] Municipal Portal of Riga, Data available at: https://www.eriga.lv/Catalog.aspx, Last accessed: 20/06/2020.
[19] Latvian Open Data Portal (2020), Available at: https://data.gov.lv/lv, Last accessed: 08/07/2020.
[20] Open Data Portal (2019) Open Data Maturity Report, Available at: https://www.europeandataportal.eu/sites/default/files/open_data_maturity_report_2019.pdf, Last accessed: 07/06/2020.
[21] Database is available at: https://www.knab.gov.lv/lv/db/donations, Last accessed: 12/07/2020.
[22] Interview with Toms Ceļmillers, MoERD, 6th of May, 2020.
[23] This observation was emphasised in the interview with a leading stakeholder on open data, May 2020.
[24] Cabinet of Ministers (2019) Latvian Open Data Strategy, Available at: http://tap.mk.gov.lv/lv/mk/tap/?pid=40472319, Last accessed: 07/06/2020.
[25] Interview with Toms Ceļmillers, MoERD, 6th of May, 2020.
[26] Interview with Toms Ceļmillers (speaking in this case on the behalf of the working group), MoERD, 6th of May, 2020
[27] Transparency International Latvia (Delna) 2019 Open Data And Political Integrity in the Nordic+ Region https://www.transparency.lt/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/Open_Data_Report.pdf
[28] From interviews with the stakeholders, May 2020.

Commitments

  1. Transparency in Public Procurement and Contracts

    LV0040, 2019, Access to Information

  2. Open Data

    LV0041, 2019, Access to Information

  3. Transparency in Lobbying

    LV0042, 2019, Capacity Building

  4. Open Municipal Government

    LV0043, 2019, E-Government

  5. Public Engagement in Policymaking

    LV0044, 2019, Capacity Building

  6. Anti-corruption Measures

    LV0045, 2019, Anti-Corruption

  7. Public Participation in Decision-Making

    LV0028, 2017, Access to Information

  8. e-Legal Services

    LV0029, 2017, Access to Information

  9. Open Data

    LV0030, 2017, Access to Information

  10. Lobbying Transparency

    LV0031, 2017, Capacity Building

  11. Budget Transparency

    LV0032, 2017, E-Government

  12. Whistleblower Protections

    LV0033, 2017, Anti-Corruption

  13. Ethics in Public Management

    LV0034, 2017, Capacity Building

  14. Zero Bureaucracy

    LV0035, 2017, Legislation & Regulation

  15. Open Public Procurement

    LV0036, 2017, Access to Information

  16. Transparency in State Management

    LV0037, 2017, Access to Information

  17. Beneficial Ownership

    LV0038, 2017, Anti-Corruption

  18. Evidence-Based Governance

    LV0039, 2017, Capacity Building

  19. Starred commitment Concept Note on Publishing Data

    LV0018, 2015, Access to Information

  20. Portal Drafting Legislature and Development of Planning Documents

    LV0019, 2015, E-Government

  21. Platform Unifying Gov. Webpages

    LV0020, 2015, E-Government

  22. Starred commitment Transparency of Selecting Candidates for the Boards and Councils of Public Entity Enterprises

    LV0021, 2015, Legislation & Regulation

  23. Supervising Officials Responsible of Public Resources

    LV0022, 2015, Anti-Corruption

  24. Sustainable Model of Financing NGOs

    LV0023, 2015, Civic Space

  25. Starred commitment Online Collection of Signatures on Referenda

    LV0024, 2015, E-Government

  26. Draft Law on Protecting Whistleblowers

    LV0025, 2015, Anti-Corruption

  27. Assessment of the System of the Financing Political Parties

    LV0026, 2015, Anti-Corruption

  28. Code of Ethics and a Public Administration Employee’S Handbook for Public Sector

    LV0027, 2015, Capacity Building

  29. NGO Fund

    LV0001, 2012, Capacity Building

  30. Strengthen Social Partners

    LV0002, 2012, Public Participation

  31. Trade Union Law

    LV0003, 2012, Civic Space

  32. NGO Co-Working

    LV0004, 2012, Civic Space

  33. Public Engagement Model

    LV0005, 2012, Public Participation

  34. Internet Access Points

    LV0006, 2012, E-Government

  35. Public Service Assessment

    LV0007, 2012,

  36. Enhancing e-services

    LV0008, 2012, E-Government

  37. Transport e-services

    LV0009, 2012, E-Government

  38. Asset Disclosure

    LV0010, 2012, Anti-Corruption

  39. Lobbying Law

    LV0011, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  40. Whistleblower Protection

    LV0012, 2012, Anti-Corruption

  41. Public Subsidy Control

    LV0013, 2012, Private Sector

  42. State Owned Enterprises Management

    LV0014, 2012, Private Sector

  43. Single Platform for Government Websites and Information

    LV0015, 2012, E-Government

  44. Online Broadcasting From the Cabinet and Parliament

    LV0016, 2012, E-Government

  45. Website For Public Participation

    LV0017, 2012, E-Government

Open Government Partnership