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Transparency of Loans and Aid from Foreign Countries (MN0028)



Action Plan: Mongolia Action Plan 2016-2018

Action Plan Cycle: 2016

Status: Inactive


Lead Institution: Central Government Authority

Support Institution(s): General regulators of budget; Project implementing units

Policy Areas

Aid, Capacity Building, Civic Space, Fiscal Openness, Freedom of Association, Publication of Budget/Fiscal Information

IRM Review

IRM Report: Mongolia Mid-Term Report 2016-2018

Starred: No

Early Results: Marginal

Design i

Verifiable: No

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information

Potential Impact:

Implementation i



Status quo or problem addressed by the commitment: Information about projects implemented with funding from international organisations is not accessible and transparent to the public. Main Objective: Make information about borrowings, aid, assistance, projects and programmes by international organisations open to the public Brief Description of commitment (140 character limit): Accelerate actions to develop information database on borrowings, aid and projects and programmes by international organisations and make the information open to public.

IRM Midterm Status Summary

7. Promoting transparency of loans and aid from foreign countries

Commitment Text:

Accelerate actions to develop am information database on borrowings, aid and projects and programs by international organizations and make the information open to public.

Status quo or problem addressed:

Information about projects implemented with funding from international organizations is not transparent of accessible by the public.

Main Objective:

Make information about borrowings, aid, assistance, projects, and program by international organizations open to the public.


7.1. Update management database

7.2. Develop and expand information database

7.3. Organize training and capacity building on information management system

7.4. Promote information system to the public

Responsible institution: Central Government Authority for Budget and Finance

Supporting institutions: General regulators of budget, Project implementing units

Start date: 30 June 2016

End date: 30 June 2018

Context and Objectives

Chapter 7, Article 22 of Mongolia’s 2003 Law on Coordination of Foreign Loans and Grant Aid calls for the establishment of establishing an integrated registry of projects and database for foreign loan-funded projects, grant-funded projects and activities, and foreign debt.[Note90: Law of Mongolia on Coordination of Foreign Locals and Grant Aid, available at:] This commitment aims to ensure greater transparency of foreign assistance by developing an information database on foreign aid projects and promoting it to the public. It builds off Commitment from the previous action plan, under which the Ministry of Finance launched a website ( that listed and described about 1,000 past and ongoing projects with information on funders, expenditures, and performance. While the commitment was considered substantially implemented in the IRM End of Term Report, the report found that the website lacked detailed budget information, such as loan interest rates, repayment conditions, and implementing authority/organizations.[Note91: Independent Reporting Mechanism, 'Mongolia End of Term Report 2014-2016,', pg. 13.] The commitment in the current action plan seeks to remedy the lack of budget information on the website.

Publishing information on projects implemented with international funding is relevant to the OGP value of access to information. However, the commitment does not provide further detail on the scope of foreign aid information to be made available to the public. Furthermore, there is no detailed description of how the trainings and capacity building will allow citizens or public officials to better understand or manage the information on the database. Therefore, the specificity is marked as low.

Commitment from the previous action plan has a potentially transformative impact on access to foreign loan information because there was no government system to make such information available to the public prior the launch of the database.[Note92: Independent Reporting Mechanism, 'Mongolia End of Term Report 2014-2016,', pg. 27.] However, the IRM End of Term Report found the commitment to have improved access to information only marginally due to the lack of detailed budget information made available. The commitment in the current action plan seeks to expand the information on the database, but the lack of a more specific description of the new information to be published makes it difficult to assess how this commitment addresses the deficiencies in the database. For example, it does not specify if the new information will be made available in machine-readable format. Also, the commitment does not include activities for promoting data use or raising awareness of the information made available on the database. Given the lack of a more detailed description of how the database will be expanded, the potential impact is marked as minor.


The database currently lists over 1,200 past and ongoing foreign-funded projects in Mongolia.[Note93: For the database of foreign-funded projects, see: htt0ps://] The information includes the start and end dates of the projects, the issue being addressed, the geographical area covered, the names of the funding and implementing organizations, and the implementation status. It is unclear, however, the extent to which the current amount of information on the database expands upon the amount during the previous action plan. Additionally, the IRM inquired with the government regarding the training for the information management system and the steps taken to promote the database to the public, as required by the commitment, but has not received a reply to this request. For more information, see Section VI: Methodology and Sources. The implementation of this commitment is considered to have not started at the end of the action plan’s first year.

Next Steps

Given the importance of foreign assistance to Mongolia, the IRM recommends carrying this commitment forward to the next action plan, but with greater specification for the type and format of information to be published on the database.


  1. Transparent Procurement Process for Healthcare

    MN0035, 2019, Anti-Corruption

  2. Digital Participation in Education Service Provision

    MN0036, 2019, E-Government

  3. Online System for Public Services

    MN0037, 2019, E-Government

  4. Participation in Public Procurement Processes

    MN0038, 2019, Access to Information

  5. Citizen Monitoring of Local Development Fund (LDF)

    MN0039, 2019, Capacity Building

  6. Increase Public Legal Knowledge

    MN0040, 2019, Access to Justice

  7. Citizens' Satisfaction Survey

    MN0041, 2019, Capacity Building

  8. Transparent Political Party Finance

    MN0042, 2019, Legislation & Regulation

  9. Improve Governance of State Owned Enterprises

    MN0043, 2019, Anti-Corruption

  10. Beneficial Ownership Transparency

    MN0044, 2019, Anti-Corruption

  11. Contract Transparency in Extractives

    MN0045, 2019, Anti-Corruption

  12. Transparent M&E Information System

    MN0046, 2019, Capacity Building

  13. Governance of Waste Management

    MN0047, 2019, E-Government

  14. Mobile Application for Citizens Feedback and Requests

    MN0022, 2016, E-Government

  15. Starred commitment Improve Provision and Quality of Education and Health Services

    MN0023, 2016, E-Government

  16. Civic Engagement in Decision Making

    MN0024, 2016, Legislation & Regulation

  17. Transparent Funding of Political Parties

    MN0025, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  18. Create Favourable Environment for Media and Journalism

    MN0026, 2016, Civic Space

  19. National Action Plan for Combating Corruption

    MN0027, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  20. Transparency of Loans and Aid from Foreign Countries

    MN0028, 2016, Aid

  21. Online Registration of VAT

    MN0029, 2016, Capacity Building

  22. Improve Glass Account System

    MN0030, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  23. Make Government Procurement Process Transparent

    MN0031, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  24. Transparency of Contracts of Public Resource Exploiting

    MN0032, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  25. Information Transparency of the Owners of the Entities with Rights to Use Mineral Resources

    MN0033, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  26. Make Licenses, Information and Activities of the Companies Transparent and Effective by Government

    MN0034, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  27. Monitor and Ensure Implementation of Information Transparency and Information Access Right Act by Establishing National Information Transparency Committee and Creating Structure of Information Commissary.

    MN0001, 2014, Access to Information

  28. Modernize Performance Indicators of Information Transparency of Public Organizations Into ―”Citizen Targeted” Ones.

    MN0002, 2014, Capacity Building

  29. Starred commitment Launch ―Transparent Account Systemǁ in Order to Enable Consistent, Transparent Reporting to the Public and to Provide Comprehensive Information on Budget Revenue Collection, Income and Expenditure Details, as Well as Public Procurement and Investments.

    MN0003, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  30. Develop Central Information Database of Minerals, Oil, and Land Tenure License Owners, Open to the Public.

    MN0004, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  31. Ensure Transparency All Agreements on Investment, Stability and Production- Sharing of Public-Owned Resources Such as Water, Minerals, Oil and Land.

    MN0005, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  32. Starred commitment Publish List of Mandatory Public Information on Environment Such as Information Regarding Any Action Harmful to Natural Environment and People’S Health.

    MN0006, 2014, Environment and Climate

  33. Starred commitment Disclose Information to the Public Relating to Foreign Loan Assistance Projects and Programs, Including the Total Amounts, Terms, Payback Duration and General Provisions Related to the Loan Rate, Board Members, and Implementation Bodies. Information About the Terms of Implementation of the Projects as Well as General Conditions of Contracts Between Suppliers and Buyers Shall Be Disclosed as Well.

    MN0007, 2014, Aid

  34. Disclose Budget Funded Procurement Contracts Above 80.0 Million MNT

    MN0008, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  35. Ensure Civic Engagement in Planning and Developing Public Services at Central and Local Levels by Introducing Communication Channels Such as Organizing e-Conferences, Public Hearings, and Open Meetings.

    MN0009, 2014, Public Participation

  36. Launch “Smart Government” Program, for Delivering e-Public Services to the People Regardless of Distance and Location Through the Public Service Portal.

    MN0010, 2014, E-Government

  37. Create a Single Access Public Service for Citizens Without Requiring Supplementary State Registered Data, Based on Principles of “One Citizen-One Public Servant”.

    MN0011, 2014, Public Service Delivery

  38. Improve and Develop Smart e-Service Capability for “One Window-Public Service” and Introduce It as a Standard Unit of Public Service.

    MN0012, 2014, E-Government

  39. Increase Number of “Public Service Online Machines” at Local Levels for Delivering Public Services to Individuals in Remote Areas, as Well as Increase the Content of Its Data.

    MN0013, 2014, E-Government

  40. Report Public Feedback on Government Performance Received from the Government’S “11-11” Center. Government Shall Also Establish a Data System That Responds to and Tracks Petitions and Enquiries.

    MN0014, 2014, Public Participation

  41. Develop and Publish E-Mapping of Crime Occurrence.

    MN0015, 2014, E-Government

  42. Create a United Information Database on Law Enforcement Activities, Crimes and Violation Records, and Ensure That the Database Is Accessible to Relevant Bodies.

    MN0016, 2014, E-Government

  43. Introduce a System of Random Disclosure to the Public of Asset and Financial Statements of Any Public Servants.

    MN0017, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  44. Publish the Asset and Financial Statements of Officials Who Work in Organizations with a High Likelihood of Corruption Index on Websites and Ensure Citizen Monitoring.

    MN0018, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  45. Create Regulation That Repeals Decisions Made Without Due Participation of Citizens and Contradict Public Interests, as Well as Hold the Officials at Fault Accountable.

    MN0019, 2014, Legislation & Regulation

  46. Deliver the Draft Laws, Acts, Amendments and Administrative Rules to Public Attention in Due Time. in Particular, Create an Opportunity for People to Access Such Information from “Public Service Online Machines”, Citizens Chambers, and the Public Libraries at Each Provincial Level.

    MN0020, 2014, Capacity Building

  47. Strengthen the Capacity of Citizens by Implementing Certain Projects to Enhance Legal Knowledge of Target Groups Using Simple Language.

    MN0021, 2014, Capacity Building

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