Albania Design Report 2018-2020
- Action Plan: Albania Action Plan 2018-2020
- Dates Under Review: 2018-2020
- Report Publication Year: 2020
The commitments in Albania’s fourth action plan address public administration reforms that are relevant to the country’s ongoing European Union (EU) integration process. Notable activities include creating an open data portal (Commitment 2) and encouraging citizens to use online platforms for reporting corruption (Commitment 4). Civil society was largely absent from the development of the commitments, and its contribution to the final action plan was limited. For the next action plan, Albania should adhere to OGP’s Participation and Cocreation standards, and establish a dedicated multi-stakeholder forum for OGP. Albania could also consider including commitments to improve transparency of public procurement and of the judiciary in the next action plan.
|Table 1. At a glance
Participating since: 2011
Action plan development
Action plan design
Action plan implementation
*DIOG: Did it Open Government?
The Open Government Partnership (OGP) is a global partnership that brings together government reformers and civil society leaders to create action plans that make governments more inclusive, responsive, and accountable. The Independent Reporting Mechanism (IRM) monitors all action plans to ensure governments follow through on commitments. Albania joined OGP in 2011. Since then, Albania has implemented three action plans. This report evaluates the design of Albania’s fourth action plan.
General overview of action plan
The commitments in Albania’s fourth action plan address several public administration reforms that are relevant to the country’s EU-integration process. Some open government policy areas that are important to Albania, but not included the action plan, are judicial reform and addressing shortcomings in legislation on access to information.
The development of the fourth action plan was led by the Department of Development and Good Governance under the Prime Minister’s Office. Overall, civil society in Albania was not offered the opportunity to propose commitments or prioritize certain policy areas. The absence of a dedicated multistakeholder forum significantly limited the opportunities for civil society to engage in the OGP process and led to a lack of civil-society interest in the fourth action plan.
The four commitments in the action plan are derived from existing strategic documents on good governance and public administration reform. The commitments mainly seek to improve public finance transparency, access to public services, and the regulation of public administration. Notably, Commitment 4 aims to strengthen Albania’s anti-corruption bodies, create an online asset-declarations system for public officials, and encourage citizens to use online platforms for reporting corruption.
Table 2. Noteworthy commitments
|Commitment description||Moving forward||Status at the end of implementation cycle.|
|2. Open governance to modernize public services and e-governance
|This commitment aims to improve access to electronic government services on the e-Albania portal and create a new national open data portal. Moving forward, the government could ensure continuous monitoring of feedback mechanisms and develop and track performance indicators for this commitment||Note: this will be assessed at the end of action plan cycle.|
|4. Open governance for creating safe communities
|This commitment includes a variety of activities to strengthen Albania’s corruption prevention mechanisms and institutions. Moving forward, corruption cases could be better tracked, and the relevant data could be made publicly available.||Note: this will be assessed at the end of action plan cycle.|
The IRM recommendations aim to inform the development of the next action plan and guide implementation of the current action plan.
Table 3. Five KEY IRM Recommendations
|1||Adhere to OGP’s Participation and Co-Creation Standards|
|2||Establish a dedicated multistakeholder forum with clear and transparent selection criteria for its members|
|3||Ensure effective implementation of public consultation legislation|
|4||Consider including commitments on open contracting and public procurement|
|5||Consider improving the transparency and integrity of the judiciary|