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Open Data and Transparency in Education (RO0044)



Action Plan: Romania Action Plan 2016-2018

Action Plan Cycle: 2016

Status: Inactive


Lead Institution: Ministry of National Education and Scientific Research

Support Institution(s): Subordinate agencies of the ministry (ARACIS, ARACIP, UEFISCDI, UTIE) Schools inspectorates; Open Educational Resources Coalition Romania

Policy Areas

Access to Information, Capacity Building, E-Government, Education, Open Data, Public Participation, Public Service Delivery

IRM Review

IRM Report: Romania Mid-Term Report 2016-2018, Romania End-of-Term Report 2016-2018

Starred: No

Early Results: Marginal

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information , Technology

Potential Impact:

Implementation i



Status quo or problem addressed by the commitment Educational policies and the perception of citizens about the public education system are encumbered by the lack of concrete, certified information about the system. Without relevant indicators, the debate on the educational system cannot have real substance and the sectorial policies can hardly be assessed. In the past years, new computer systems that allow the generation of data have been introduced or improved in the public education system. Main objective Improving transparency in the public education system Brief description of commitment The objective of the commitment is the publishing in an open format of the education data and indicators owned by the MENCS and subordinate institutions OPG challenge addressed by the commitment Efficient management of public resources; Improving public services Relevance The commitment improves the access of the public to information from the education sector, increases public accountability of the decision-making authorities and makes use of new technologies. Ambition The commitment brings transparency to internal processes that are already started, but also contributes significantly to the internal coherence of policy adoption and implementation.

IRM End of Term Status Summary

15. Open data and transparency in education

Commitment Text:

The objective of the commitment is the publishing in an open format of the education data and indicators owned by the MENCS and subordinate institutions.

Main Objective:

Improving transparency in the public education system.


    • Identification of all computer systems and databases of the MENCS and subordinate institutions that are either already in use, being implemented or being prepared.
    • Determine, following public consultation, which are the essential datasets from the education system that are to be published on the national open data portal.
    • Establishing the internal procedures and publishing the datasets.
    • Regulation of an internal policy of the MENCS to establish that any new computer system to be introduced will have a compulsory component that will allow export of data to the open data portal

Responsible Institution: Ministry of National Education and Scientific Research (MENCS)

Supporting Institution(s): Subordinate agencies of the ministry (ARACIS, ARACIP, UEFISCDI, UTIE), school inspectorates, Open Educational Resources Coalition Romania

Start date: September 2016                                                  End date: June 2017

Editorial Note: The commitment text is abridged. The full text can be found in the OGP 2016–2018 national action plan.

Commitment Aim

This commitment aimed to improve the open data available in education, by creating an inventory of computer systems and databases available at the level of the MENCS and of its subordinate institutions (Milestone 1), and by selecting those that can and should be published on (Milestone 2). Moreover, it aimed to strengthen educational policies and improve the perception of citizens about the public education system by publishing certified information about the system (Milestones 3 and 4), in particular through the two systems: (1) The Integrated Information System of the Romanian Educational System (SIIIR); and (2) The Registry System for Universities (RMU).


Midterm: Limited

MENCS had not started identifying all its computer systems and databases, establishing internal procedures to publish them, nor mandating that all new computer systems have a data export component at the time of the 2016–2017 IRM progress report. Two public consultations took place in 2017 and resulted in the identification of the essential datasets to be opened. Moreover, a civil society representative argued that the MENCS made an inventory of its datasets and consulted with civil society on which ones could be legally published. [101]

End-of-term: Substantial

According to the government’s self-assessment report, MENCS conducted the inventory of all of its computer systems and databases and established the internal procedures necessary to publish them. The procedures remain to be vetted by a designated commission and some datasets (e.g. exam grades, school network, and teacher scales) were published on [102] According to the civil society representative, Milestone 4 was not completed due to the fact that the software behind SIIIR [103] is retained by the private supplier. Owing to this privileged position, the supplier charges high support and maintenance fees, thereby discouraging efforts to open more educational datasets. [104]

Did it Open Government?

Access to information: Marginal

According to a civil society representative, after the inventory, MENCS published only the easy-to-publish datasets, while the more complex ones were not published. MENCS lacked the necessary staff to correctly anonymize the data, and there was no political will. [105] Moreover, the opened datasets are not often updated—for example, in November 2018 the latest data on exam grades was from 2017. [106]

Carried forward?

This commitment will not be continued in the 2018–2020 national action plan.

[101] Ovidiu Voicu, Centre for Public Integrity, interview by IRM researcher on 8 November 2018.

[102] “National Action Plan 2016–2018: Self-assessment report”, Open Government Partnership, 2018, page 59, available [in Romanian] at

[103] SIIIR is the information system used by MENCS to collect and manage the data that the subordinate institutions of MENCS have to periodically provide. More information is available [in Romanian] at

[104] Ovidiu Voicu, Centre for Public Integrity, interview by IRM researcher on 8 November 2018.

[105] Ovidiu Voicu, Centre for Public Integrity, interview by IRM researcher on 8 November 2018.

[106] The datasets are available at


  1. Streamline processes of consulting and involving citizens in innovative policy-making

    RO0066, 2020, Capacity Building

  2. Increase youth involvement in decision-making processes

    RO0067, 2020, E-Government

  3. Extend open government initiatives to the local level

    RO0068, 2020, Capacity Building

  4. Improving access to social services for vulnerable citizens

    RO0069, 2020, Capacity Building

  5. Create centralized public database for non-reimbursable financing

    RO0070, 2020, E-Government

  6. Analyze and increase availability of data on public allocations and procurements

    RO0071, 2020, Anti-Corruption

  7. Publish information about projects financed by Romania in the Republic of Moldova

    RO0072, 2020, Aid

  8. Promote rights of citizens belonging to national minorities

    RO0073, 2020, Access to Justice

  9. Assess and draft recommendations to improve health services

    RO0074, 2020, Access to Information

  10. Analyze data and train health professionals in reducing patient risk

    RO0075, 2020, Capacity Building

  11. Eliminate unnecessary bureaucratic procedures at central government level

    RO0076, 2020, E-Government

  12. Increase amount of open data

    RO0077, 2020, Access to Information

  13. Standardize Public Consultation Practices

    RO0048, 2018, E-Government

  14. Open Local Government

    RO0049, 2018, Capacity Building

  15. Citizen Budgets

    RO0050, 2018, Capacity Building

  16. Youth Participation

    RO0051, 2018, Capacity Building

  17. Register of Civil Society Proposals

    RO0052, 2018, E-Government

  18. Access to Information – Local

    RO0053, 2018, Capacity Building

  19. Online Business Sector Information

    RO0054, 2018, Capacity Building

  20. Digital Consular Services

    RO0055, 2018, Capacity Building

  21. Transparency in the Funding of Political Parties

    RO0056, 2018, Access to Information

  22. National Investment Fund Transparency

    RO0057, 2018, Access to Information

  23. Civil Servant Training

    RO0058, 2018, Capacity Building

  24. Raise Awareness About Corruption

    RO0059, 2018, Capacity Building

  25. Transparency of Seized Assets

    RO0060, 2018, Access to Information

  26. Access to Social Services

    RO0061, 2018, E-Government

  27. Open Access to Research

    RO0062, 2018, Access to Information

  28. Open Education

    RO0063, 2018, Access to Information

  29. Evaluate Open Data

    RO0064, 2018, Access to Information

  30. Open Data

    RO0065, 2018, Access to Information

  31. Improving the Legal Framework and Practices Regarding Access to Public Interest Information

    RO0030, 2016, Access to Information

  32. Centralized Publishing of Public Interest Information on the Single Gateway Transparenta.Gov.Ro

    RO0031, 2016, Capacity Building

  33. Promoting Open Parliament Principles

    RO0032, 2016, Capacity Building

  34. Starred commitment Improved Management of the Applications Submitted for Granting Citizenship

    RO0033, 2016, Capacity Building

  35. Standardization of Transparency Practices in the Decision-Making Procedures

    RO0034, 2016, Capacity Building

  36. Centralised Publication of Legislative Projects on the Single Gateway Consultare.Gov.Ro

    RO0035, 2016, Capacity Building

  37. Citizens Budgets

    RO0036, 2016, Capacity Building

  38. Improve Youth Consultation and Public Participation

    RO0037, 2016, Capacity Building

  39. Subnational Open Government

    RO0038, 2016, Capacity Building

  40. Promoting Transparency in the Decision-Making Process By Setting Up a Transparency Register (RUTI)

    RO0039, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  41. Access to Performance Indicators Monitored in the Implementation of the National Anticorruption Strategy (SNA)

    RO0040, 2016, Access to Information

  42. Improve Transparency in the Management of Seized Assets

    RO0041, 2016, Access to Information

  43. Annual Mandatory Training of Civil Servants on Integrity Matters

    RO0042, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  44. Improving Access to Cultural Heritage

    RO0043, 2016, Capacity Building

  45. Open Data and Transparency in Education

    RO0044, 2016, Access to Information

  46. Virtual School Library and Open Educational Resources

    RO0045, 2016, Capacity Building

  47. Open Contracting

    RO0046, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  48. Increasing the Quality and Quantity of Published Open Data

    RO0047, 2016, Access to Information

  49. Publishing the Public Interest Information on a Single Government Portal: Transparenta.Gov.Ro

    RO0019, 2014, Access to Information

  50. Making an Inventory of the Datasets Produced by the Ministries and Subordinate Agencies

    RO0020, 2014, Access to Information

  51. Starred commitment Ensuring the Free Online Access to National Legislation

    RO0021, 2014, E-Government

  52. Amending Law 109/2007 on the Re-Use of Public Sector Information

    RO0022, 2014, Access to Information

  53. Opening Data Collected from the National Health System

    RO0023, 2014, Access to Information

  54. Opening Data Collected from the Monitoring of Preventive Measures as Part of the National Anticorruption Strategy 2012-2015

    RO0024, 2014, Access to Information

  55. Open Contracting

    RO0025, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  56. Opening up Data Resulted from Publicly-Funded Research Projects

    RO0026, 2014, E-Government

  57. Increasing the Quality and Quantity of Published Open Data

    RO0027, 2014, Access to Information

  58. Human Resource Training in the Field of Open Data

    RO0028, 2014, Access to Information

  59. Disseminating Information on the OGP Principles and Promoting the Open Data Concept in an Accessible Manner

    RO0029, 2014, Public Participation

  60. Designating a Person Responsible for Publishing Open Data in Each Public Institution

    RO0001, 2012, Access to Information

  61. Identifying Regulatory Needs, Logistical and Technical Solutions

    RO0002, 2012, Access to Information

  62. Making an Inventory of Available (High-Value) Data-Sets

    RO0003, 2012, Access to Information

  63. Priority Publishing on the Web Pages of Public Institutions of Specific Data-Sets

    RO0004, 2012, Access to Information

  64. Initiating Pilot-Projects, in Partnerships

    RO0005, 2012, Access to Information

  65. Organizing Public Debates on the Utility of Open Data, in Partnerships

    RO0006, 2012, Access to Information

  66. Uniform, Machine-Readable Publishing Format for Open Data

    RO0007, 2012, Access to Information

  67. Procedures for Publication of Data-Sets Based on Civil Society Recommendations

    RO0008, 2012, Access to Information

  68. Procedures for Citizen Complaints Pertaining to Open Data

    RO0009, 2012, Access to Information

  69. Consultation Mechanism Between Suppliers and Beneficiaries of Open Data

    RO0010, 2012, Access to Information

  70. Creating a Rating System for the Assessment of High-Value Data-Sets

    RO0011, 2012, Access to Information

  71. Routinely Publishing Specific Data-Sets on Web Pages of Public Institutions

    RO0012, 2012, Access to Information

  72. Integrating Open Data from Public Institutions in a Single National Platform

    RO0013, 2012, Access to Information

  73. Inventories of Data, in Order to Facilitate Public Access

    RO0014, 2012, Access to Information

  74. Institute a Monitoring Mechanism of Compliance for Open Data

    RO0015, 2012, Access to Information

  75. Stimulating the Market for Innovative Use of Open Data

    RO0016, 2012, Access to Information

  76. Routinely Publishing Data-Sets on the National Platform, 25% High-Value

    RO0017, 2012, Access to Information

  77. The Public Procurement Electronic System (SEAP). the Electronic Allocation System for Transports (SAET)/B.1 C) Expanding the On-Line Submission of Fiscal Forms. Ensuring the Free On-Line Access to National Legislation. Developing Electronic Tools to Manage Subpoenas and Facilitate Access Toinformation Regarding Legal Proceedings. Developing Electronic Tools to Manage the Procedures Related to Obtaining the Romanian Citizenship. Developing Electronic Tools to Manage the Procedures Related to the Creation of Non-Profit Legal Persons. the Integrated System for Electronic Access to Justice (SIIAEJ)

    RO0018, 2012, Access to Justice

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