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Romania

Open Data and Transparency in Education (RO0044)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Romania Action Plan 2016-2018

Action Plan Cycle: 2016

Status: Inactive

Institutions

Lead Institution: Ministry of National Education and Scientific Research

Support Institution(s): Subordinate agencies of the ministry (ARACIS, ARACIP, UEFISCDI, UTIE) Schools inspectorates; Open Educational Resources Coalition Romania

Policy Areas

Capacity Building, E-Government, Education, Open Data, Public Participation, Public Service Delivery, Records Management

IRM Review

IRM Report: Romania End-of-Term Report 2016-2018

Starred: No

Early Results: Marginal

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information Technology

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion:

Description

Status quo or problem addressed by the commitment Educational policies and the perception of citizens about the public education system are encumbered by the lack of concrete, certified information about the system. Without relevant indicators, the debate on the educational system cannot have real substance and the sectorial policies can hardly be assessed. In the past years, new computer systems that allow the generation of data have been introduced or improved in the public education system. Main objective Improving transparency in the public education system Brief description of commitment The objective of the commitment is the publishing in an open format of the education data and indicators owned by the MENCS and subordinate institutions OPG challenge addressed by the commitment Efficient management of public resources; Improving public services Relevance The commitment improves the access of the public to information from the education sector, increases public accountability of the decision-making authorities and makes use of new technologies. Ambition The commitment brings transparency to internal processes that are already started, but also contributes significantly to the internal coherence of policy adoption and implementation.

IRM End of Term Status Summary

15. Open data and transparency in education

Commitment Text:

The objective of the commitment is the publishing in an open format of the education data and indicators owned by the MENCS and subordinate institutions.

Main Objective:

Improving transparency in the public education system.

Milestones:

    • Identification of all computer systems and databases of the MENCS and subordinate institutions that are either already in use, being implemented or being prepared.
    • Determine, following public consultation, which are the essential datasets from the education system that are to be published on the national open data portal.
    • Establishing the internal procedures and publishing the datasets.
    • Regulation of an internal policy of the MENCS to establish that any new computer system to be introduced will have a compulsory component that will allow export of data to the open data portal

Responsible Institution: Ministry of National Education and Scientific Research (MENCS)

Supporting Institution(s): Subordinate agencies of the ministry (ARACIS, ARACIP, UEFISCDI, UTIE), school inspectorates, Open Educational Resources Coalition Romania

Start date: September 2016                                                  End date: June 2017

Editorial Note: The commitment text is abridged. The full text can be found in the OGP 2016–2018 national action plan.

Commitment Aim

This commitment aimed to improve the open data available in education, by creating an inventory of computer systems and databases available at the level of the MENCS and of its subordinate institutions (Milestone 1), and by selecting those that can and should be published on data.gov.ro (Milestone 2). Moreover, it aimed to strengthen educational policies and improve the perception of citizens about the public education system by publishing certified information about the system (Milestones 3 and 4), in particular through the two systems: (1) The Integrated Information System of the Romanian Educational System (SIIIR); and (2) The Registry System for Universities (RMU).

STATUS

Midterm: Limited

MENCS had not started identifying all its computer systems and databases, establishing internal procedures to publish them, nor mandating that all new computer systems have a data export component at the time of the 2016–2017 IRM progress report. Two public consultations took place in 2017 and resulted in the identification of the essential datasets to be opened. Moreover, a civil society representative argued that the MENCS made an inventory of its datasets and consulted with civil society on which ones could be legally published. [101]

End-of-term: Substantial

According to the government’s self-assessment report, MENCS conducted the inventory of all of its computer systems and databases and established the internal procedures necessary to publish them. The procedures remain to be vetted by a designated commission and some datasets (e.g. exam grades, school network, and teacher scales) were published on data.gov.ro. [102] According to the civil society representative, Milestone 4 was not completed due to the fact that the software behind SIIIR [103] is retained by the private supplier. Owing to this privileged position, the supplier charges high support and maintenance fees, thereby discouraging efforts to open more educational datasets. [104]

Did it Open Government?

Access to information: Marginal

According to a civil society representative, after the inventory, MENCS published only the easy-to-publish datasets, while the more complex ones were not published. MENCS lacked the necessary staff to correctly anonymize the data, and there was no political will. [105] Moreover, the opened datasets are not often updated—for example, in November 2018 the latest data on exam grades was from 2017. [106]

Carried forward?

This commitment will not be continued in the 2018–2020 national action plan.

[101] Ovidiu Voicu, Centre for Public Integrity, interview by IRM researcher on 8 November 2018.

[102] “National Action Plan 2016–2018: Self-assessment report”, Open Government Partnership, 2018, page 59, available [in Romanian] at https://bit.ly/2vv2yw7.

[103] SIIIR is the information system used by MENCS to collect and manage the data that the subordinate institutions of MENCS have to periodically provide. More information is available [in Romanian] at https://goo.gl/7HRJ4y.

[104] Ovidiu Voicu, Centre for Public Integrity, interview by IRM researcher on 8 November 2018.

[105] Ovidiu Voicu, Centre for Public Integrity, interview by IRM researcher on 8 November 2018.

[106] The datasets are available at https://goo.gl/qrDX5t.


Commitments

  1. Standardize Public Consultation Practices

    RO0048, 2018, E-Government

  2. Open Local Government

    RO0049, 2018, Capacity Building

  3. Citizen Budgets

    RO0050, 2018, Capacity Building

  4. Youth Participation

    RO0051, 2018, Capacity Building

  5. Register of Civil Society Proposals

    RO0052, 2018, E-Government

  6. Access to Information – Local

    RO0053, 2018, Capacity Building

  7. Online Business Sector Information

    RO0054, 2018, Capacity Building

  8. Digital Consular Services

    RO0055, 2018, Capacity Building

  9. Transparency in the Funding of Political Parties

    RO0056, 2018, E-Government

  10. National Investment Fund Transparency

    RO0057, 2018, E-Government

  11. Civil Servant Training

    RO0058, 2018, Capacity Building

  12. Raise Awareness About Corruption

    RO0059, 2018, Capacity Building

  13. Transparency of Seized Assets

    RO0060, 2018, E-Government

  14. Access to Social Services

    RO0061, 2018, E-Government

  15. Open Access to Research

    RO0062, 2018, E-Government

  16. Open Education

    RO0063, 2018, Capacity Building

  17. Evaluate Open Data

    RO0064, 2018, Capacity Building

  18. Open Data

    RO0065, 2018, E-Government

  19. Improving the Legal Framework and Practices Regarding Access to Public Interest Information

    RO0030, 2016, Capacity Building

  20. Centralized Publishing of Public Interest Information on the Single Gateway Transparenta.Gov.Ro

    RO0031, 2016, Capacity Building

  21. Promoting Open Parliament Principles

    RO0032, 2016, Capacity Building

  22. Starred commitment Improved Management of the Applications Submitted for Granting Citizenship

    RO0033, 2016, Capacity Building

  23. Standardization of Transparency Practices in the Decision-Making Procedures

    RO0034, 2016, Capacity Building

  24. Centralised Publication of Legislative Projects on the Single Gateway Consultare.Gov.Ro

    RO0035, 2016, Capacity Building

  25. Citizens Budgets

    RO0036, 2016, Capacity Building

  26. Improve Youth Consultation and Public Participation

    RO0037, 2016, Capacity Building

  27. Subnational Open Government

    RO0038, 2016, Capacity Building

  28. Promoting Transparency in the Decision-Making Process By Setting Up a Transparency Register (RUTI)

    RO0039, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  29. Access to Performance Indicators Monitored in the Implementation of the National Anticorruption Strategy (SNA)

    RO0040, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  30. Improve Transparency in the Management of Seized Assets

    RO0041, 2016, Asset Disclosure

  31. Annual Mandatory Training of Civil Servants on Integrity Matters

    RO0042, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  32. Improving Access to Cultural Heritage

    RO0043, 2016, Capacity Building

  33. Open Data and Transparency in Education

    RO0044, 2016, Capacity Building

  34. Virtual School Library and Open Educational Resources

    RO0045, 2016, Capacity Building

  35. Open Contracting

    RO0046, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  36. Increasing the Quality and Quantity of Published Open Data

    RO0047, 2016, Capacity Building

  37. Publishing the Public Interest Information on a Single Government Portal: Transparenta.Gov.Ro

    RO0019, 2014, E-Government

  38. Making an Inventory of the Datasets Produced by the Ministries and Subordinate Agencies

    RO0020, 2014, Open Data

  39. Starred commitment Ensuring the Free Online Access to National Legislation

    RO0021, 2014, E-Government

  40. Amending Law 109/2007 on the Re-Use of Public Sector Information

    RO0022, 2014, Legislation & Regulation

  41. Opening Data Collected from the National Health System

    RO0023, 2014, Health

  42. Opening Data Collected from the Monitoring of Preventive Measures as Part of the National Anticorruption Strategy 2012-2015

    RO0024, 2014, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  43. Open Contracting

    RO0025, 2014, Open Contracting and Procurement

  44. Opening up Data Resulted from Publicly-Funded Research Projects

    RO0026, 2014, E-Government

  45. Increasing the Quality and Quantity of Published Open Data

    RO0027, 2014, Open Data

  46. Human Resource Training in the Field of Open Data

    RO0028, 2014, Capacity Building

  47. Disseminating Information on the OGP Principles and Promoting the Open Data Concept in an Accessible Manner

    RO0029, 2014, Records Management

  48. Designating a Person Responsible for Publishing Open Data in Each Public Institution

    RO0001, 2012, Open Data

  49. Identifying Regulatory Needs, Logistical and Technical Solutions

    RO0002, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  50. Making an Inventory of Available (High-Value) Data-Sets

    RO0003, 2012, Open Data

  51. Priority Publishing on the Web Pages of Public Institutions of Specific Data-Sets

    RO0004, 2012, Open Data

  52. Initiating Pilot-Projects, in Partnerships

    RO0005, 2012, Open Data

  53. Organizing Public Debates on the Utility of Open Data, in Partnerships

    RO0006, 2012, Open Data

  54. Uniform, Machine-Readable Publishing Format for Open Data

    RO0007, 2012, Open Data

  55. Procedures for Publication of Data-Sets Based on Civil Society Recommendations

    RO0008, 2012, Open Data

  56. Procedures for Citizen Complaints Pertaining to Open Data

    RO0009, 2012, Open Data

  57. Consultation Mechanism Between Suppliers and Beneficiaries of Open Data

    RO0010, 2012, Open Data

  58. Creating a Rating System for the Assessment of High-Value Data-Sets

    RO0011, 2012, Open Data

  59. Routinely Publishing Specific Data-Sets on Web Pages of Public Institutions

    RO0012, 2012, E-Government

  60. Integrating Open Data from Public Institutions in a Single National Platform

    RO0013, 2012, E-Government

  61. Inventories of Data, in Order to Facilitate Public Access

    RO0014, 2012, Open Data

  62. Institute a Monitoring Mechanism of Compliance for Open Data

    RO0015, 2012, Open Data

  63. Stimulating the Market for Innovative Use of Open Data

    RO0016, 2012, Open Data

  64. Routinely Publishing Data-Sets on the National Platform, 25% High-Value

    RO0017, 2012, Open Data

  65. The Public Procurement Electronic System (SEAP). the Electronic Allocation System for Transports (SAET)/B.1 C) Expanding the On-Line Submission of Fiscal Forms. Ensuring the Free On-Line Access to National Legislation. Developing Electronic Tools to Manage Subpoenas and Facilitate Access Toinformation Regarding Legal Proceedings. Developing Electronic Tools to Manage the Procedures Related to Obtaining the Romanian Citizenship. Developing Electronic Tools to Manage the Procedures Related to the Creation of Non-Profit Legal Persons. the Integrated System for Electronic Access to Justice (SIIAEJ)

    RO0018, 2012, Citizenship and Immigration