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North Macedonia

Assessment of Anti-Corruption Legislation (MK0125)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Macedonia Action Plan 2018-2020

Action Plan Cycle: 2018

Status: Active

Institutions

Lead Institution: State Commission for Prevention of Corruption

Support Institution(s): State commission for preventing corruption Misha Popovikj, IDSCS, misha@idscs.org M.A. Snezhana Kamilovska Trpovska, Macedonian Center for International Cooperation skt@mcms.mk and othrer civil society organizations

Policy Areas

Anti-Corruption, Anti-Corruption Institutions, Justice, Justice for OG, Legislation & Regulation, Legislative, Open Regulations, Public Participation, Social Accountability Measures & Feedback Loops, Sustainable Development Goals

IRM Review

IRM Report: North Macedonia Design Report 2018-2020

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Civic Participation

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion: Pending IRM Review

Description

Collaboration with the civil sector for anti-corruption assessment of legislation
Start and end date of the commitment: September 2018 – August 2020
Lead implementing agency
State Commission for Preventing Corruption
Description of commitment
Status quo or problem addressed by the commitment
Unjustified discretionary authorizations, gaps in laws and uncertainties are potential risks of corruption. They allow exploitation of the meaning of the law and abuse of the rules due to exercising private interests. The anti-corruption assessment of the legislation, as an extremely important preventive anticorruption mechanism, aims to provide revision of the form and content of legal regulations that are in drafting procedures or are already adopted, as well as detection and prevention of risks regarding the possibility of corruption and conflict of interest which could occur during the implementation of the laws. In September 2015, the SCPC has adopted the Methodology for Anti-Corruption assessment of legislation that promotes the implementation of the SCPC's competence for giving opinions on draft laws, set out in the Law on Prevention of Corruption and the Law on Prevention of Conflicts of Interest. In February 2016, the Government of the Republic of Macedonia has adopted the Rules of Procedure for amending the Rules of Procedure of the Government of the Republic of Macedonia ("Official Gazette of the Republic of Macedonia" No. 41/16), which introduced an opportunity for anticorruption verification of legislation by providing an opinion from SCPC. The amendment stipulates that the ministries and other state administration bodies, the materials that they submit to the Government for review, determination, or adoption, must be submitted to the SCPC for opinion (all draft laws that are subject to regulatory impact assessment). Within this authorization, the SCPC conducts an in-depth analysis of the legislation on the grounds of established methodology, i.e. conducts anticorruption assessment and provides special reports on the assessment made, which are published on the website of the SCPC.
Main objective
Realization of collaboration with the civil sector in the process of anticorruption assessment of the legislation
Brief description of the commitment
SCPC and civil society organizations will develop a mechanism for collaboration in the consultative processes during the law adoption, as well as in the process of selection and prioritization of the laws that have already been adopted, and will be subject to anti-corruption assessment of the legislation. In accordance with the Anti-Corruption Legislation Methodology, the SCPC will select and prioritize laws that will be subject to assessment on the grounds of common criteria or seperate cases. Separate cases relate to findings reporting and indications by civil society, concerning the risks of possible corruption and conflict of interests in certain legal provisions or in a particular legal area, information on a draftlaw that has been exposed to strong lobbying by interest groups, etc. CSOs and their networks should be proactive and more active at this stage - by participating in working groups, then at the level of consultations, when they can send comments on behalf of the groups they represent, but also by providing indications to the SCPC and giving recommendations legislation amendments.
OGP challenge addressed by the commitment
Undertaking activities that will continually point out the importance of civil society organizations and the public’s inclusion in the process of adopting and amending the laws, emphasizing the benefits of such an approach, and indicating out the positive effects of the laws that were adopted through a transparent process in which recommendations and proposals by CSO’s have been accepted. In addition to anti-corruption assessment of legislation which is in a process of adoption, it is extremely important to give due attention to the already adopted rules. Cooperation with the non-governmental sector, i.e. the development of a consultation mechanism, will help the selection and focus process that will be revised, based on the civil sector assessments regarding risk legislative areas. Recommendations given by the civil sector will be incorporated in the regulatory amendments.
Additional information Refference to the Global Sustainable Development Goals, refference to Goal 16, Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions, Target 16.5: Significant reduction in all forms of corruption and bribery. The measures under this commitment contribute to prevention and fight against corruption and protection of public interest.
Milestone
2.2.1 Established consultation mechanisam during the law adoption and prioritizing the laws that will be subject to anticorruption assessment of legislation
Contact information
Name of responsible person from implementing agency M.A. Nikolina Tarchugovska – Miloshevska Adem Chuchulj
Title, Department
Secretariat of the SCPC Sector for prevention of corruption and conflict of interest
Phone and e-mail
02 3248-942 nikolina@dksk.org.mk, 02 3248- 934 a.cucul@dksk.org.mk, 02 3215-377
Other actors involved
State commission for preventing corruption
Misha Popovikj, IDSCS, misha@idscs.org M.A. Snezhana Kamilovska Trpovska, Macedonian Center for International Cooperation skt@mcms.mk and othrer civil society organizations

IRM Midterm Status Summary

Theme II: Integrity and Good Governance

2.2 Collaboration with the civil sector for anti-corruption assessment of legislation

Language of the commitment as it appears in the action plan: [32]

SCPC and civil society organizations will develop a mechanism for collaboration in the consultative processes during the law adoption, as well as in the process of selection and prioritization of the laws that have already been adopted, and will be subject to anti-corruption assessment of the legislation. In accordance with the Anti-Corruption Legislation Methodology, the SCPC will select and prioritize laws that will be subject to assessment on the grounds of common criteria or separate cases. Separate cases relate to findings reporting and indications by civil society, concerning the risks of possible corruption and conflict of interests in certain legal provisions or in a particular legal area, information on a draft-law that has been exposed to strong lobbying by interest groups, etc. CSOs and their networks should be proactive and more active at this stage - by participating in working groups, then at the level of consultations, when they can send comments on behalf of the groups they represent, but also by providing indications to the SCPC and giving recommendations legislation amendments.

Millstones:

2.2.1 Established consultation mechanism during the law adoption and prioritizing the laws that will be subject to anticorruption assessment of legislation

Start Date: September 2018

End Date: August 2020

Context and Objectives

As part of the 2016-2019 State Programme, the State Commission for the Prevention of Corruption (SCPC) introduced a process of carrying out anti-corruption reviews for North Macedonian legislation. [33] This covers legislation that is being drafted or has been adopted and seeks to detect, prevent, or minimize the risk of corruption and conflict of interests that may emerge from the implementation of new laws. This commitment calls for SCPC and CSOs to jointly create a consultation mechanism for civil society to contribute to anti-corruption reviews of legislation. Specifically, the consultation mechanism will provide civil society with the opportunity to review draft legislation and to be involved in the selection and prioritization of laws that have already been adopted and will be subject to anti-corruption review. According to the action plan, civil society will be able to participate in working groups, at the level of consultations, and where organizations can send comments and recommendations to SCPC on legislation amendments.

This commitment is relevant to civic participation because it aims to provide civil society with the opportunity to review and submit feedback on legislation. The main activity is verifiable, namely the establishment of the consultation mechanism. However, the action plan does not provide additional details on the possible operations of the mechanism beyond civil society involvement through working groups.

The potential impact of this commitment will largely depend on how the consultation mechanism is set up and functions, as well as how many draft laws it is able to assess and how the laws are prioritized for assessment. As such, the potential impact is marked as minor.

Next steps

Moving forward, the SCPC could consider the following recommendations:

  • Ensure open and transparent process for selecting CSOs for the consultation mechanism.
  • Define expected number and nature of draft laws from the beginning so that the burden of participation in the mechanism is clear to the civil society members.
  • Provide training as needed for the participating CSOs to ensure effective functioning of the consultation mechanism.
  • Hold consultations at the scenarios (green paper) stage before the drafting of laws begins.

[32] The texts for all the commitments are an abridged version of the commitment texts. For the full commitment texts, see the Republic of North Macedonia 2018-2020 National Action Plan, https://www.opengovpartnership.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/Macedonia_Action-Plan_2018-2020_EN.pdf

[33] Republic of Macedonia, State Commission for Prevention of Corruption, http://www.dksk.org.mk/en/images/stories/PDF/stateprograme-eng-final.pdf


Commitments

  1. Awareness-Raising About Access to Information Rights

    MK0121, 2018, Access to Information

  2. Public Access to Central Register of the Republic of Macedonia

    MK0122, 2018, Access to Information

  3. Mapping Homeless and Socially Endangered Families and Individuals

    MK0123, 2018, Access to Information

  4. Monitoring Property Status of Elected and Appointed Officials

    MK0124, 2018, Anti-Corruption

  5. Assessment of Anti-Corruption Legislation

    MK0125, 2018, Anti-Corruption

  6. Open Treasury

    MK0126, 2018, Access to Information

  7. Publishing Procurement Information

    MK0127, 2018, Access to Information

  8. Health Sector Transparency and Establish a Cost Impact Assessment Mechanism

    MK0128, 2018, Access to Information

  9. Employment Program Transparency and Impact Assessment Mechanism

    MK0129, 2018, Access to Information

  10. Cataloging Data Sets in State Institutions

    MK0130, 2018, Access to Information

  11. Regional Open Data Initiatives

    MK0131, 2018, Access to Information

  12. Financial Transparency Tools

    MK0132, 2018, Access to Information

  13. Improvement in Local Public Service Delivery

    MK0133, 2018, Fiscal Openness

  14. Inclusive Local Decision-Making

    MK0134, 2018, Gender

  15. To Resilient Skopje Via Data Availability

    MK0135, 2018, Access to Information

  16. Access to Justice Development

    MK0136, 2018, Access to Justice

  17. Improving Access to Justice for Marginalized Groups of Citizens

    MK0137, 2018, Access to Justice

  18. Awareness-Raisinga About Climate Change

    MK0138, 2018, Access to Information

  19. National Assembly Capacity-Building

    MK0139, 2018, Capacity Building

  20. Increasing the Financial Transparency of the Assembly of RM

    MK0140, 2018, Access to Information

  21. Parliamentary TV Channel

    MK0141, 2018, Access to Information

  22. Citizen Participation in Assembly

    MK0142, 2018, E-Government

  23. Citizen oversight of legislative processes

    MK0143, 2018, Legislative

  24. Creation of Open Data Standards

    MK0089, 2016, Access to Information

  25. Improvement of the Open Data Platform and Its Approximation to the Citizens

    MK0090, 2016, Access to Information

  26. Rising Awareness of Open Data

    MK0091, 2016, Access to Information

  27. Cataloging and Categorization of Data Sets Held by State Institutions

    MK0092, 2016, Access to Information

  28. Open Data Linking on the State Institutions’ Portals

    MK0093, 2016, Access to Information

  29. Improvement and Facilitation of the Access to Information

    MK0094, 2016, Access to Information

  30. Starred commitment Implementation of the Law on Whistle-Blower Protection and Raising the Awareness for Whistle-Blowing

    MK0095, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  31. Open Data on Property Status of Elected and Appointed Persons

    MK0096, 2016, Access to Information

  32. Promotion of Integrity, Transparency and Accountability on Local Level and Monitoring the Progress

    MK0097, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  33. Promotion of Cooperation and Increased Proactivity in the Prevention of Corruption and Conflict of Interests

    MK0098, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  34. Starred commitment Open Budget Initiative

    MK0099, 2016, Fiscal Openness

  35. Open Data on Health Programs

    MK0100, 2016, Access to Information

  36. Creating a Legal Obligation for the Contracting Authorities for Mandatory Publication of Information Regarding the Public Procurement Contracts on Their Websites

    MK0101, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  37. Involving Representatives of Associations and Foundations, As Well As Other Civil Society Organizations, in Transparent and Objective Manner in Sector Working Groups for Planning and Programming of IPA 2

    MK0102, 2016, Public Participation

  38. Publication of Data on Signed Contracts and Received Assistance Through Infrastructure Development Program (Orio) Netherlands

    MK0103, 2016, Aid

  39. Introduction of a Publicly Accessible Register of Concession Contracts

    MK0104, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  40. Increased Budgetary Fund Benefits in Preventive and Curative Health Protection for Citizens

    MK0105, 2016, Capacity Building

  41. Publication of Data on Planned and Realized Domestic and Foreign Assistance for Rural Development and Agriculture on a Quarterly Basis

    MK0106, 2016, Aid

  42. Determination of Data on State Assistance to Be Published and Their Publication

    MK0107, 2016, Aid

  43. Developing Standards for Transparency and Open Data on Local Level

    MK0108, 2016, Access to Information

  44. Establishment of New Tools to Improve Financial Transparency and Accountability of Local Self-Government Units

    MK0109, 2016, Capacity Building

  45. Improvement of the Institutional Consultation Mechanism at the Local Level

    MK0110, 2016, Capacity Building

  46. Capacity Strengthening for Cooperation Between the Local Self-Government Units and Civil Organizations

    MK0111, 2016, Capacity Building

  47. Monitoring and Evaluation of Service Quality at the Local Level

    MK0112, 2016, Capacity Building

  48. Improvement of the Local Level Social Services

    MK0113, 2016, Capacity Building

  49. Improvement of Disabled People Social Inclusion at the Local Level

    MK0114, 2016, E-Government

  50. Improvement of the Local Level Communal Services

    MK0115, 2016, Capacity Building

  51. More Information for the Citizens on the Ombudsman Institution

    MK0116, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  52. Favorable Legal Environment for Social Contracts

    MK0117, 2016, Civic Space

  53. Developing Climate Policies at National Level in a Transparent and Participatory Manner

    MK0118, 2016, Environment and Climate

  54. Open Data on Climate Change at National and Local Level

    MK0119, 2016, Access to Information

  55. Ensuring Private Sector Accountability and Involvement in National Climate Change Action

    MK0120, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  56. Advancement of the Consultation Process with Stakeholders in the Policy Creating Process

    MK0087, 2016, E-Government

  57. Cooperation Advancement with the Civil Sector

    MK0088, 2016, Capacity Building

  58. Enhancement of the ENER Portal and Optimization of the Process of Public Consultation

    MK0036, 2014, E-Government

  59. Implementation of the Measures from the Strategy for Cooperation of the Government with the Civil Society (2012-2017)

    MK0037, 2014, E-Government

  60. Strengthening the Rules for Work and Use of ENER

    MK0038, 2014, E-Government

  61. Publication of the Results of Using ENER - " Mirror of the Government "

    MK0039, 2014, E-Government

  62. Monitoring of Openness of Government Institutions in the Processes of Policy Making and Law Drafting "Mirror of the Government: Public Participation in the Process of Law Drafting" Annual Report – Assessment Of:

    MK0040, 2014, Public Participation

  63. Capacity Building of Civil Society Organizations to Monitor the Implementation of Policies

    MK0041, 2014, Capacity Building

  64. Raising the Awareness About the Benefits of Open Government Partnership:

    MK0042, 2014, Capacity Building

  65. Greater Public Awareness and Use of Participatory Policy Making Through the Internet Portal e-Democracy by the Institutions, Companies, Chambers, Civil Society and Citizens

    MK0043, 2014, E-Government

  66. Starred commitment Establishing of an Advisory Body to Promote Cooperation, Dialogue and Encourage the Development of the Civil Society, Composed of Representatives of the Government, Administrative Bodies and Civil Society Organizations

    MK0044, 2014, Public Participation

  67. Improved Implementation of the Code of Good Practice for the Participation of Civil Society in the Policy Making Process

    MK0045, 2014, Capacity Building

  68. Open Data of the Bodies and Public Sector Institutions According to Their Technical Features Which They Create in Exercise of Their Powers That Will Be Made Available for Use

    MK0046, 2014, Access to Information

  69. Setting of Technical Standards for the Data Format and the Manner of Its Publication Prescribed by the Minister of Information Society and Administration.

    MK0047, 2014, Access to Information

  70. Establishing a Central Catalog of Public Sector Data Published for Use Based on a Catalog of Data from the Bodies and the Institutions of the Public Sector Www.Otvorenipodatoci.Gov.Mk (Opendata.Gov.Mk)

    MK0048, 2014, Access to Information

  71. Establishing a Database for the Contact Person in the Bodies and Institutions of the Public Sector Where a Contact Person Shall Be Appointed Responsible for the Technical Adaptation and Publishing of Data for Use, Their Publication on the Website of the Authority and Responsibilities for the Accuracy of the Catalog Data Www.Opendata.Gov.Mk.

    MK0049, 2014, Access to Information

  72. Introducing the Possibility for Submission of a Request by the Interested Parties for New Datasets for Use.

    MK0050, 2014, Access to Information

  73. Establishing a Platform for Data Mashing (Pilot 11 Institutions)

    MK0051, 2014, Access to Information

  74. Trainings for Implementation of the Law on Use of Data from the Public Sector

    MK0052, 2014, Access to Information

  75. Raising Public Awareness About the Right to Free Access to Public Information Through the Created and Conducted Media Presentations and Educational Campaign

    MK0053, 2014, Access to Information

  76. Establishing of Inter-Sector Working Group for Determining the Compliance with the Convention of the Council of Europe for Access to Public Documents and Setting National Legal Requirements for Accession to the Convention

    MK0054, 2014, Public Participation

  77. Educating Officers and Officials at the Information Holders (Commission for Protection of the Right to Free Access to Public Information)

    MK0055, 2014, Capacity Building

  78. Making a New Web Site of the Commission (Ministry of Information Society and Administration)

    MK0056, 2014, E-Government

  79. Regular Posting and Updating the List of Information Holders

    MK0057, 2014, Capacity Building

  80. Availability of All Public Information on the Web Sites of the Information Holders (All Holders)

    MK0058, 2014, Capacity Building

  81. Improving the Financial and Human Resources of the Commission (Ministry of Finance, the Commission for Protection of the Right to Free Access to Public Information and the Ministry of Information Society and Administration)

    MK0059, 2014, Capacity Building

  82. Increasing the Cooperation of the Commission with Associations and Foundations and Municipalities in RM Through Memorandum of Cooperation

    MK0060, 2014, Capacity Building

  83. Publishing Information About Budget and Program Implementation of Health Budgets, with Particular Focus on the Budgetary and Financial Implementation of Preventive Programs of the Ministry of Health, Obtained Through a Procedure of Access to Public Information Www.Esem.Org.Mk

    MK0061, 2014, E-Government

  84. Amending the Law on Free Access to Public Information (Ministry of Justice)

    MK0062, 2014, Legislation & Regulation

  85. Starred commitment Adoption of Amendments to the Law on Prevention of Corruption in the Direction Of:

    MK0063, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  86. Implementation of Activities to Raise Awareness of Public Administration and Citizens to Report Corruption and Other Unlawful and Impermissible Actions

    MK0064, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  87. Introducing Guidelines to the Integrity System and Their Further Piloting in the Municipalities and Central Level Institutions

    MK0065, 2014, Capacity Building

  88. Defining a Methodology for Assessing the Risks of Corruption by Updating the Concept of Integrity

    MK0066, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  89. Developing a Methodology for Monitoring the Progress of Implementation of Integrity Systems (Integrity Index) for Local Self Governments

    MK0067, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  90. Developing a Methodology for Monitoring Progress in Implementation of Integrity Systems by the Civil Society (Through Tools for Social Responsibility)

    MK0068, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  91. Continuously Promote the Use of It Tools for Social Responsibility in the Municipalities and Other Institutions

    MK0069, 2014, Capacity Building

  92. Building the Capacity of Civil Society Organizations to Monitor Anti-Corruption Practices At the Local Level Through Research and a LOTOS Study

    MK0070, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  93. Defining the Scope of the Elected and Appointed Persons Who Are Obliged to Submit Declarations of Assets and Interests Statement - Preparation of the Register

    MK0071, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  94. Implementation of the Open Budget Initiative

    MK0072, 2014, Fiscal Openness

  95. Starred commitment Public Procurement

    MK0073, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  96. Foreign Aid and Foreign Investment

    MK0074, 2014, Aid

  97. Developing Capacities at Local Level for the Implementation of Mechanisms for Proactive Communication with Citizens

    MK0075, 2014, Capacity Building

  98. Establish an Electronic Platform (Dashboard) with Indicators for the Budget and Delivery of Local Services

    MK0076, 2014, E-Government

  99. Improving Local Services Through Direct Collaboration with Citizens

    MK0077, 2014, Public Participation

  100. Transforming the Part of Local Services in e- Services

    MK0078, 2014, E-Government

  101. Participatory Policy Making at the Local Level- Obligatory Consultations with Citizens in Drafting/Amending of the Most Important Acts and Documents in the Local Government (Budget, Strategies, Urban Plans, Statute)

    MK0079, 2014, Legislation & Regulation

  102. Increasing Accountability and Promoting the Concept of Informed Consumers and Citizens, Service Users and Rights Through:

    MK0080, 2014, Capacity Building

  103. Publication of the Results of the Projects for Evaluation of Public Administration

    MK0081, 2014, Capacity Building

  104. Inclusive Elementary and Secondary Education for Persons with Disabilities

    MK0082, 2014, Education

  105. Enforcement Activities of the Center for Safer Internet Action Plan in Accordance with (Inhope Macedonia)

    MK0083, 2014, Capacity Building

  106. Analysis of the Results Obtained in Field Research at the National Level to Implement the Program

    MK0084, 2014, Capacity Building

  107. Informing Women on the Rights and the Services Available to Them with the Programme

    MK0085, 2014, Capacity Building

  108. Increasing Responsibilities and Promote the Concept of Environmental Protection (DEM – AD Treska, Makedonski Brod and Other Stakeholders):

    MK0086, 2014, Environment and Climate

  109. ENER online Participatory Tool in Legislation Drafting

    MK0001, 2012, Public Participation

  110. Www.E-Demokratija.Gov.Mk - on Line Tool for Participatory Policy Making

    MK0002, 2012, E-Government

  111. Introduction of Online Petitions

    MK0003, 2012, E-petitions

  112. Implementation of the Strategy for Cooperation of the Government with the Civil Society Sector

    MK0004, 2012, Public Participation

  113. Code of Best Practices for NGO Involvement

    MK0005, 2012, Capacity Building

  114. Www.Opendata.Gov.Mk

    MK0006, 2012, Access to Information

  115. Development of Business Model for Open Data

    MK0007, 2012, Access to Information

  116. Prioritizing Opening of Data

    MK0008, 2012, Access to Information

  117. Use of Inter-Operable Services as Guidance in Opening Data

    MK0009, 2012, Access to Information

  118. Plan and Monitor the Implementation of the Plans for Opening the State Institutions Information.

    MK0010, 2012, Access to Information

  119. Analyses of the Legal Framework Enabling Open Data.

    MK0011, 2012, Access to Information

  120. Improving Services Through Www.Uslugi.Gov.Mk

    MK0012, 2012, E-Government

  121. Integration of Citizen Logs, Their Update and Publishing

    MK0013, 2012, E-Government

  122. ‘Traffic Light’ Project for Citizens’ Evaluation of the Administration.

    MK0014, 2012, Public Participation

  123. Provision of the Government Services Through Cloud Computing.

    MK0015, 2012, E-Government

  124. Introduction of One-Off Request for the Information from the Citizens.

    MK0016, 2012, Access to Information

  125. Use of Harm Test. and 2. Publication of Information Gathered Through the Free Access Law

    MK0017, 2012, Access to Information

  126. Publication of Easy to Search Public Information.

    MK0018, 2012, Access to Information

  127. Ratification of the Council of Europe Convention on Access to Public Documents.

    MK0019, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  128. Electronic Submission of Requests for Access to Public Character Information.

    MK0020, 2012, Access to Information

  129. Training of Access to Information Officers.

    MK0021, 2012, Access to Information

  130. Identification of Low Interest Areas for Business Investments. 2.Publication of Research.

    MK0022, 2012, Education

  131. Scientific and Research Cooperation Through the Internet.

    MK0023, 2012, E-Government

  132. Publication of Information from the State Statistical Office for Further Scientific Purposes.

    MK0024, 2012, Education

  133. Available Information About the Inspectorates

    MK0025, 2012, Justice

  134. Introduce Integrity Systems for Anticorruption Policies in the Public Administration.

    MK0026, 2012, Capacity Building

  135. Open Budget Initiative

    MK0027, 2012, Fiscal Openness

  136. Public Procurements

    MK0028, 2012, Anti-Corruption

  137. Foreign Assistance and Foreign Investments

    MK0029, 2012, Access to Information

  138. Opening of Information by the Municipalities

    MK0030, 2012, Access to Information

  139. Free Access to Information Training Local Self-Government Officials

    MK0031, 2012, Access to Information

  140. Integrity System on Local Level.1. Established Methodology. 2. Piloting in 10 Municipalities.

    MK0032, 2012, Anti-Corruption

  141. Promotion of Consumers Information in Selected Areas.

    MK0033, 2012, Gender

  142. Availability of Information Related To: Roads Safety, Air Quality, Safety of Workers

    MK0034, 2012, E-Government

  143. Public Health Information

    MK0035, 2012, Health

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